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HTML Referece Guide: Tags for Netscape 3.0




  • Tag reference list, Part 1



  • APPLET (Java applet)
  • AREA (client-side image maps)
  • B (boldface)
  • BASE (set base URL)
  • BASEFONT (set default font size)
  • BIG (increase font size)
  • BLINK (make text blink)
  • BLOCKQUOTE (indent block of text)
  • BODY (main content of document)
  • BR (line break)
  • CAPTION (display table caption)
  • CENTER (center a block of text)
  • CITE (citation)
  • CODE (program code text)
  • DD (definition description)
  • DIR (directory lists)
  • DIV (section of a document)
  • DL (definition list)
  • DT (definition term)
  • EM (emphasize text)
  • EMBED (insert object)
  • FONT (change color, face, size)
  • FORM (create form)
  • FRAME (create an independent window region)

  • Tag reference list, Part 2



  • H1 through H6 (standard headings)
  • HEAD (define document header)
  • HR (horizontal rule)
  • HTML (outermost tag)
  • I (italic)
  • IMG (insert image)
  • INPUT (create input elements in a form)
  • ISINDEX (indicate presence of searchable index)
  • KBD (keyboard text)
  • KEYGEN (generate key material)
  • LI (list item)
  • MAP (define client-side image map)
  • MENU (list of simple items)
  • META (meta-document information)

  • Tag reference list Part 3

  • MULTICOL (multiple column formatting)
    NOEMBED (alternate text for plug-ins)
  • NOFRAMES (alternate text for frames)
  • NOSCRIPT (alternate text for JavaScript)
  • OL (ordered list)
  • OPTION (option in a SELECT list)
  • P (paragraph)
  • PARAM (parameter for an applet)
  • PLAINTEXT (display rest of document as-is)
  • PRE (preformatted text, fixed-width font, no join)
  • SAMP (insert sample)
  • S (strikeout type)
  • SCRIPT (client-side JavaScript code)
  • SELECT (selection list on a form)
  • SERVER (run a LiveWire script)
  • SMALL (decrease font size)
  • SPACER (horizontal and vertical spacing)
  • STRONG (strong emphasis)
  • STRIKE (strikeout type)
  • SUB (display as subscript)
  • TABLE (define a table)
  • TD (table data)
  • TEXTAREA (text field on a form)
  • TH (table heading)
  • TITLE (document title)
  • TR (table row)
  • TT (type writer font)
  • U (underline)
  • UL (unordered list)
  • WBR (word break)
  • XMP (sequence of literal characters)
    ---------------------------------------------------------------

    Tag reference, Part 1



    This chapter contains an alphabetical listing
    of all HTML tags supported in Navigator 3.0 and earlier. The tags are presented
    in the following format: _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a.gif" HEIGHT=419 WIDTH=512_



    The following sections comprise an alphabetical
    reference of all tags supported by Netscape Navigator 3.0 and earlier.







    A (anchor or link)



    The A tag lets you define anchors and links.





    A as anchor



    An anchor marks a section of an HTML document
    and provides a way for links to connect that part of the document. The
    A tag typically encloses text or images that represent an anchor, such
    as a heading in a document or a logo. Navigator does not use any special
    formatting to indicate that the text or image represent an anchor.



    Anchors cannot be nested within other A tags.
    You can enclose most character and paragraph formatting within the A tag.





    Syntax



    <A

    NAME="
    AnchorName"                                                                                                                         required
    for an anchor

    >

    ...

    </A>





    Used within



    ADDRESS, DD, DT, H1 through H6, LI, P, PRE





    Example



    This example defines the heading text "Welcome
    to the Marine Mammal page" as an anchor in a document:



    <A NAME="mammal_intro"><H2>Welcome
    to the Marine Mammal page</H2></A>



    If this anchor is in a file called intro.html,
    you could define a jump to the anchor as follows:



    <A HREF="intro.html#mammal_intro">Introduction
    to marine mammals</A>





    A as link



    A link connects an HTML document to another document
    (such as another HTML file or a graphic file) or part of a document (an
    anchor in an HTML file). Navigator displays link text and ordinary text
    differently, so users can easily distinguish hypertext jumps. By default,
    Navigator displays links as blue underlined text or blue-bordered graphics
    and visited links as magenta. The default color for links can be changed
    in Navigator using the General Preferences command from the Options menu.


    When the user clicks a link or image, the reference specified by the HREF
    attribute is loaded into the window or frame specified by the TARGET attribute.



    The destination of the link is usually another
    document or a section of a document. The destination can also be a protocol
    that specifies items such as an email message or an FTP site. To jump to
    a specific section of a document, the HREF attribute should reference the
    NAME attribute of an existing anchor.





    Syntax



    <A

    HREF="
    Location"                                                                                                                        required
    for a link

    NAME="AnchorName"                                                                                                                         optional
    (and uncommon) in a link

    ONCLICK="clickJScode"

    ONMOUSEOUT="
    outJScode"                    


    ONMOUSEOVER="
    overJScode"                    


    TARGET="
    WindowName"

    > ... </A>



    HREF="Location" specifies a destination
    URL for the anchor or link.



    NAME="AnchorName" specifies a name for
    the anchor. A link to the anchor uses this value for its HREF attribute.



    ONCLICK="clickJScode" specifies JavaScript
    code to execute when a user clicks the image or link text. See the JavaScript
    Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONMOUSEOUT="outJScode" specifies JavaScript
    code to execute when a user moves the mouse pointer out of the image or
    link text. See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONMOUSEOVER="overJScode" specifies JavaScript
    code to execute when a user moves the mouse pointer over the image or link
    text. See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    TARGET="WindowName" is only used if
    the anchor is also a link. It specifies the window that the link is loaded
    into. Navigator 2.0.





    Used within



    ADDRESS, DD, DT, H1 through H6, LI, P, PRE





    Example



    This example uses both text and a graphic as a
    link. When a user clicks either the word "Download" or the image,
    Navigator loads the document specified by the URL in the HREF attribute
    in the current browser window. It loads in the current browser window because
    no TARGET attribute is present.





    This page is enhanced for Netscape Navigator.

    You can view this page using other browsers,

    but it will appear best with Navigator.<P>



    <A HREF="http://home.netscape.com/index.html">Download

    </A>Netscape Navigator now!



    <A HREF="http://home.netscape.com/index.html">

                        <IMG src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"now_bu.gif" ALIGN="texttop"

                        ALT="Netscape Now">

    </A>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a1.gif" HEIGHT=147 WIDTH=377>







    ADDRESS (format as address)



    The ADDRESS tag displays address information in
    a format determined by each browser (Netscape Navigator displays addresses
    in italic). An address can include authorship information and is usually
    placed at the top or bottom of a document.





    Syntax



    <ADDRESS>...</ADDRESS>





    Example



    The following example displays the address in
    italic.





    You can reach us at:

    <P>

    <ADDRESS>

    Netscape Communications Corporation<BR>

    501 East Middlefield Road<BR>

    Mountain View, CA 94043<BR>

    </ADDRESS>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a2.gif" HEIGHT=135 WIDTH=378>







    APPLET (Java applet)





    Navigator 2.0



    The APPLET tag specifies a Java applet for the
    Navigator to load. Applet resources (including their classes) are normally
    loaded relative to the CODEBASE tag. Use the PARAM tag to specify parameters
    required by the applet.





    Syntax



    <APPLET

    ALIGN="LEFT"|"RIGHT"|"TOP"|"ABSMIDDLE"|"ABSBOTTOM"|


    "TEXTTOP"|"MIDDLE"|"BASELINE"|"BOTTOM"


    ALT="
    alternateText"

    ARCHIVE="
    archiveURL"

    CODE="
    appletURL"                                                                                                                         required


    CODEBASE="classFileDirectory"

    HEIGHT="pixHeight"                                                                                                                         required


    HSPACE="pixHoriz"

    MAYSCRIPT

    NAME="
    value"

    VSPACE="
    pixVert"

    WIDTH="
    pixWidth"                                                                                                                         required


    >

    ...

    </APPLET>



    ALIGN specifies the alignment for the applet.
    If you do not specify a value for ALIGN, Navigator uses "BOTTOM"
    as the default.







      • LEFT aligns the applet with the left margin.


      • RIGHT aligns the applet with the right margin.


      • TOP aligns the top of the applet with the top of the tallest item in
        the current line.










      • ABSMIDDLE aligns the middle of the applet with the middle of the text
        in the current line. Navigator 3.0










      • ABSBOTTOM aligns the bottom of the applet with the bottom of the lowest
        item in the current line. Navigator 3.0










      • TEXTTOP aligns the top of the applet with the top of the tallest text
        in the current line. Navigator 3.0










      • MIDDLE aligns the middle of the applet with the baseline of the text
        in the current line. Navigator 3.0










      • BASELINE aligns the bottom of the applet with the baseline of the text
        in the current line. Navigator 3.0


      • BOTTOM is the same as BASELINE.






    ALT="alternateText" specifies
    text to display for browsers that do not support the APPLET tag. Navigator
    3.0





    ARCHIVE="archiveURL" specifies
    a file to be downloaded to the user's disk, and then searched for the classFileName
    specified in the CODE attribute. The archiveURL is sought relative to the
    classFileDirectory. The suffix on the archiveURL must be .zip, but
    the file must not be compressed. Classes not found in the archiveURL are
    searched for through the standard mechanism. Navigator 3.0



    CODE ="classFileName" specifies
    the filename of the applet you want to load. The file name must end with
    a .class extension.



    CODEBASE="classFileDirectory"
    changes the URL specified by the BASE tag. If the CODEBASE attribute is
    defined, it specifies a location to find applet resources. The value can
    be an absolute URL or a relative URL. An absolute URL is used as is without
    modification and is not affected by the document's BASE tag. When the CODEBASE
    attribute is relative, then it is relative to the document-URL defined
    by the BASE tag. If no base tag is specified, then it is relative to the
    directory where the HTML file is.



    HEIGHT="pixHeight" specifies
    the height (in pixels) that the applet needs.



    HSPACE="pixHoriz" specifies the
    horizontal space (in pixels) that the applet needs between itself and surrounding
    text.





    MAYSCRIPT permits the applet to access
    JavaScript. Use this attribute to determine whether or not an applet can
    access JavaScript on a page without your knowlege. Accessing JavaScript
    when the MAYSCRIPT attribute is not specified results in an exception.
    Navigator 3.0



    NAME ="value" specifies the name
    of the applet, so that different applets in the same window can refer to
    (and communicate with) one another..



    VSPACE="pixVert" specifies the
    vertical space (in pixels) that the applet needs between itself and surrounding
    text.



    WIDTH="pixWidth" specifies the
    width (in pixels) that the applet needs. The applet is scaled to fit the
    specified height and width.





    Example



    The following example displays a sky with moving
    stars.





    <APPLET CODEBASE="http://www.netscape.com/comprod/products/navigator/

    version_2.0/java_applets/StarField"

    CODE="stars.class" WIDTH="400" HEIGHT="100">

    <PARAM NAME="numstars" VALUE="50">

    </APPLET>





    See also



    BASE, PARAM







    AREA (client-side image maps)



    The AREA tag defines a client-side image map.
    An image map is a graphic that has clickable regions that link to different
    URLs. For example, you can have an image with a square and a circle where
    a click in the square takes you to one page and a click in the circle takes
    you to a different page.



    Different areas of an image map can jump to
    different Web pages.
    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a3.gif" HEIGHT=99 WIDTH=324>



    Client-side image maps are defined by MAP and
    AREA tags. When a user clicks the image, Navigator determines what URL
    to load based, on the information in the AREA tag. The USEMAP attribute
    of the IMG tag specifies an image as a client-side image map. The MAP tag
    contains one or more AREA tags. Each AREA tag describes a different region
    as a hyperlink in the image and specifies the URL to which it connects.





    Syntax



    <AREA

    COORDS="
    x1,y1,x2,y2,..."                                                                                                                                                                required


                                            |"x-center,y-center,radius"


    HREF="
    Location"                                                                                                                                                                 required


    NAME="areaName"

    NOHREF

    ONMOUSEOUT="
    outJScode"

    ONMOUSEOVER="
    overJScode"

    SHAPE="CIRCLE"|"RECT"|"POLY"|"DEFAULT"


    TARGET="
    WindowName">



    COORDS specifies the coordinates of the
    region defined by the AREA tag.



    HREF="Location" specifies the
    URL of the document to load when a user clicks the area.



    NAME="areaName" specifies the
    map name to be used with the USEMAP attribute of the IMG tag. The value
    of the areaName must begin with an alphanumeric character.



    NOHREF specifies that no URL is loaded
    when a user clicks the area.



    ONMOUSEOUT="outJScode" specifies JavaScript
    code to execute when a user moves the mouse pointer out of the image or
    link text. See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONMOUSEOVER="overJScode" specifies JavaScript
    code to execute when a user moves the mouse pointer over the image or link
    text. See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    Defining regions in an image _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a4.gif" HEIGHT=166 WIDTH=461>



    SHAPE specifies the shape of the map. Each
    shape has its own form of the COORDS attribute:






    • circle URL x,y,x,y specifies a circle. Circles need two coordinates--the
      first pair identifies the circle center and the second identifies any point
      on the circle's edge.


    • rect URL x,y,x,y specifies a rectangle by its upper left (first pair)
      and lower right corners.


    • poly URL x,y,x,y specifies a polygon of up to 100 sides. Each x,y pair
      is the point where two sides of the polygon meet. The last x,y pair is
      connected to the first to enclose the polygon.


    • default URL defines the URL to jump to when someone clicks in an area
      not specified by any regions. If you use a point in the map file, then
      the default is never used.



    If no SHAPE is defined, RECT is used.





    TARGET="WindowName" specifies
    the frame or window that the linked URL is loaded into. When a user clicks
    an area that has a TARGET attribute, the URL is loaded in the specified
    window or frame instead of in that containing the area. Navigator2.0.





    Used within



    MAP





    Example



    In this example, an image map is used to help
    users navigate a web site. The following illustration shows what the finished
    image map looks like to a user: _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a5.gif" HEIGHT=213 WIDTH=611>



    Each button is a separate region of the image
    map. The seven buttons correspond to regions defined by seven AREA tags.
    The following code defines the map:





    <MAP NAME="mainmap">

              <AREA COORDS="0,0,65,24" HREF="/escapes/index.html">

              <AREA COORDS="66,0,132,24" HREF="/comprod/index.html">

              <AREA COORDS="133,0,185,24"

                        HREF="http://merchant.netscape.com/netstore/index.html"

                        TARGET="_top">

              <AREA COORDS="186,0,248,24" HREF="/newsref/index.html">

              <AREA COORDS="249,0,318,24" HREF="/assist/index.html">

              <AREA COORDS="319,0,390,24" HREF="/commun/index.html">

              <AREA COORDS="391,0,467,24" HREF="/business_solutions/index.html">

    </MAP>



    Because no SHAPE attribute is specified for any
    AREA tag, the shape of each region defaults to a rectangle. The third AREA
    tag uses the "_top" value for its TARGET attribute to specify
    that its URL is loaded into the full Navigator window.



    The image used for the toolbar is nav.gif, an
    interlaced GIF. The IMG tag that loads nav.gif uses the USEMAP attribute
    to specify that the image is a client-side image map. The value of the
    USEMAP attribute, #mainmap, is also the value used for the NAME
    attribute of the MAP tag. The value assigned to USEMAP is a standard URL,
    so the "#" signals that it is in the current web page. The following
    code associates the map with the image:





    <IMG src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"nav.gif"

              WIDTH="468" HEIGHT="25" BORDER="0"

              USEMAP="#mainmap">





    See also



    AREA, BASE, IMG, and MAP







    B (boldface)



    The B tag displays text in boldface.





    Syntax



    <B>...</B>





    Example



    The following example displays "Netscape
    Navigator" in bold.



    My preferred browser is <B>Netscape
    Navigator</B>.



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a6.gif" HEIGHT=89 WIDTH=378>





    See also



    STRONG







    BASE (set base URL)



    The BASE tag specifies the base URL for the document
    (from which all relative links in the document are to be resolved) or the
    base target for the document (identifying the default window in which a
    followed link displays).



    When building complex, multi-page documents, you
    might want to specify a base URL for the main document (master HTML file).
    To do this, establish a base URL, then give relative URL addresses for
    all referenced documents.



    If the document is moved, and the base URL is
    specified using the BASE tag, all relative references to URLs are updated
    relative to the new location of the base URL.



    If you have a document that contains links, and
    you move it to a different URL, but do not specify a base URL, then when
    Netscape Navigator resolves any relative URLs within the document it will
    resolve them with respect to the new location, thus probably invalidating
    them.. If you do specify a base URL, the relative URLS are resolved with
    respect to that base.



    The BASE tag does not require a closing tag.





    Syntax



    <BASE

    HREF="
    baseURL"                                                                                           required          


    TARGET="
    WindowName"

    >



    HREF="baseURL" specifies the
    location of the document as an absolute or relative URL. The absolute URL
    is used as is without modification. If a relative URL is specified, all
    subsequent links are relative to this URL.





    TARGET="WindowName" identifies
    the default window or frame where any links activated from the current
    document will display. Navigator 2.0.





    Used within



    HEAD





    Example



    The following example sets http://home.netscape.com
    as the base URL for the document.





    <HEAD>

    <BASE HREF="http://home.netscape.com/">

    </HEAD>

    Information about Netscape and its products can be found at <A
    HREF="comprod/index.html">Company & Products</A>.

    </HEAD>







    BASEFONT (set default font size)



    The BASEFONT tag specifies a default font size.
    If the user has set a default font size in Navigator (using the General
    Preferences command from the Options menu), this tag overrides it. If the
    base font size is not defined, the default is 3.





    Syntax



    <BASEFONT

    SIZE="
    fontSize"          


    >

    ...

    </BASEFONT>





    SIZE="fontSize" specifies the font
    size from 1 to 7 (the default is 3).Navigator 1.1





    Example



    The following example uses the BASEFONT tag to
    set the default font size to 2, then enlarges and decreases the font size
    using the FONT tag. All changes made to the font size are relative to the
    base font size (2).





    <I>Netscape Navigator</I> lets the user select a comfortable base font
    size, <BASEFONT SIZE="2"> but this can be reset for all or part of a
    page. <FONT SIZE="+3"> Doing so causes subsequent font size changes
    </FONT> <FONT SIZE="-1"> to execute relative to the new base font
    size.</FONT> <BASEFONT SIZE="3">



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a7.gif" HEIGHT=123 WIDTH=377>





    See also



    FONT







    BIG (increase font size)






    Navigator 2.0




    The BIG tag increases the font size from its current
    value by one.





    Syntax



    <BIG>...</BIG>





    Example



    The following example increases the font size
    in three steps for "bigger, and bigger, and bigger."



    When he told a lie, his nose grew <BIG>bigger,
    and <BIG>bigger, and <BIG>bigger.</BIG></BIG></BIG>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a8.gif" HEIGHT=97 WIDTH=377>





    See also



    BASEFONT, FONT







    BLINK (make text blink)



    The BLINK tag makes text blink on and off in Netscape
    Navigator.





    Syntax



    <BLINK>...</BLINK>





    Example



    The following example displays "Blinking
    text" as blinking text.



    <BLINK> Blinking text </BLINK>
    can be annoying, so use it sparingly.







    BLOCKQUOTE (indent block of text)



    The BLOCKQUOTE tag indents a block of text. Use
    the BLOCKQUOTE tag for longer quotations, and the CITE tag for short quotations.





    Syntax



    <BLOCKQUOTE>...</BLOCKQUOTE>





    Example



    The following example displays the quotation in
    a block format.





    Marc Andreessen, vice president of technology and cofounder of Netscape,
    said recently:

    <BLOCKQUOTE>

    "Moving Worlds is extremely exciting because it extends Netscape
    Navigator into a whole new dimension. Moving Worlds enables developers
    to build 3D applications and content that leverage all the technologies
    supported by the Netscape software platform: Java, JavaScript, advanced
    HTML, frames, and Plug-Ins. Netscape is committed to integrating 3D
    technology into the Netscape software platform and to providing a
    seamless blend of 2D and 3D elements to bring rich, lifelike activity to
    the Internet."

    </BLOCKQUOTE>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a9.gif" HEIGHT=240 WIDTH=378>







    BODY (main content of document)



    The BODY tag specifies the main content of a document.
    Each HTML document begins with a <HEAD>...</HEAD>, then concludes
    with a <BODY>...</BODY>.) Within the body of your document
    you can include the tags that define global characteristics of the document--the
    layout and structure of the document and all links to text and graphics.





    Syntax



    <BODY

    ALINK="
    color"

    BACKGROUND="
    bgURL"

    BGCOLOR="
    color"

    LINK="
    color"

    TEXT="
    color"

    ONBLUR="
    blurJScode"

    ONFOCUS="
    focusJScode"

    ONLOAD="
    loadJScode"

    ONUNLOAD="
    unloadJScode"

    VLINK="
    color"

    >

    ...

    </BODY>



    All color attributes can be represented by either
    a hexadecimal red-green-blue triplet or by a color name. See Appendix B,
    "Color values."



    ALINK="color" changes the color
    of text that indicates a link in a document. This is the color the link
    flashes to when the user clicks it. The user can set a default color using
    the General Preferences command from the Netscape Navigator Options menu.





    BACKGROUND="bgURL" specifies
    an image that displays in the background of the document. The URL value
    can be an absolute URL or a relative URL. The absolute URL is used as is
    without modification. The image is tiled (that is, the image is repeated
    in a grid) to fill the entire frame. Navigator 1.1





    BGCOLOR="color" changes the color
    of the background. The user can set a default color using the General Preferences
    command from the Netscape Navigator Options menu. Navigator 1.1



    LINK="color" changes the text
    color indicating a link in a document. This is the normal color for the
    link. The user can set a default color using the General Preferences command
    from the Netscape Navigator Options menu.



    TEXT="color" changes the color
    of normal text (i.e. text not highlighted to indicate a link) in a document.
    The value is a hexadecimal red-green-blue triplet. The user
    can set a default color using the General Preferences command from the
    Netscape Navigator Options menu.



    ONBLUR="blurJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when the window of the document loses focus.
    See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONFOCUS="focusJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when the window of the document acquires focus.
    See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONLOAD="loadJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when the document is loaded. See the JavaScript
    Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONUNLOAD="unloadJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when the document is exited. See the JavaScript
    Guide for information on event handlers.



    VLINK="color" changes the text
    color indicating a visited (followed) link in a document. The user can
    set a default color using the General Preferences command from the Netscape
    Navigator Options menu.





    Example



    The following example sets the background color
    to light yellow, ordinary text to black, unvisited links to blue, visited
    links to green, and active links to red.





    <BODY BGCOLOR="lightyellow" TEXT="#000000" LINK="#0000FF"
    VLINK="#00AA00" ALINK="#FF0000">

    </BODY>





    See also



    FONT, HEAD







    BR (line break)



    The BR tag breaks the line in the text flow of
    your document. This lets you control where the next line of text appears,
    which is especially useful when including graphics in a document. Unlike
    the P tag, the BR tag does not add extra space.



    The BR tag does not require a closing tag.





    Syntax



    <BR

    CLEAR="
    ALL"|"LEFT"|"RIGHT"

    >





    CLEAR lets you flow text around an image
    or figure. Navigator 1.1







      • ALL displays text at the next clear left and right margin.


      • LEFT displays text at the next clear left margin.


      • RIGHT displays text at the next clear right margin.






    Example



    The following example inserts line breaks in a
    speech from Hamlet.



    Hamlet's famous speech begins:<P>

    To be, or not to be<BR>

    That is the question<P>



    This puts space after the introductory clause,
    but keeps the quote together. The last line uses the P tag to put more
    space before the next line.



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a10.gif" HEIGHT=142 WIDTH=378>





    See also



    P







    CAPTION (display table caption)






    Navigator 1.1




    The CAPTION tag defines a caption for a table.
    Place the CAPTION tag within the TABLE tag but not inside the TD or the
    TR tags.





    Syntax



    <CAPTION ALIGN="BOTTOM"|"TOP">...</CAPTION>



    ALIGN specifies the placement of the caption
    within a table.







      • BOTTOM places the caption at the bottom of the table.


      • TOP places the caption at the top of the table. TOP is the default.






    Used within



    TABLE





    Example



    The following example creates a three-column,
    four-row table, with the caption "Tables are as easy as one, two,
    three" aligned at the top of the table.





    <TABLE BORDER CELLPADDING="8" CELLSPACING="4">

    <CAPTION ALIGN="TOP"><B>Table 1</B>: Tables are as easy as one, two, three

    </CAPTION>

    <TR><TH> English </TH><TH> Spanish </TH><TH> German </TH></TR>

    <TR><TD> one </TD><TD> uno </TD><TD> ein </TD></TR>

    <TR><TD> two </TD><TD> dos </TD><TD> zwei </TD></TR>

    <TR><TD> three </TD><TD> tres </TD><TD> drei </TD></TR>

    </TABLE>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a11.gif" HEIGHT=240 WIDTH=377>






    See also




    TABLE, TD, TH, TR







    CENTER (center a block of text)






    Navigator 1.1




    The CENTER tag centers the enclosed block of text.





    Syntax



    <CENTER>...</CENTER>





    Example



    The following example centers a heading.





    <CENTER>

    <H1>Netscape's Mascot Mozilla</H1>

    </CENTER>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a12.gif" HEIGHT=116 WIDTH=378>







    CITE (citation)



    The CITE tag marks a block of text as a citation.
    The citation should be a small citation, such as a book title. Use the
    BLOCKQUOTE tag for long quotations. Netscape Navigator displays citations
    in italics.





    Syntax



    <CITE>...</CITE>





    Example



    The following example displays the citation in
    italics.



    Mozilla said to the crowd, <CITE>Visit
    Netscape's website</CITE>.



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a13.gif" HEIGHT=90 WIDTH=378>





    See also



    BLOCKQUOTE







    CODE (program code text)



    The CODE tag displays text in the fixed-width
    font, as determined in Options|General Preferences.



    For large sections of code where formatting is
    important use the PRE tag to preserve the space characters and line breaks
    used in the program listing.





    Syntax



    <CODE>...</CODE>





    Example



    The following example displays a code sample:





    The C programming language lets you construct simple and complex loops.
    The following loop prints the numbers 1 to 10:<P>

    <CODE>

              for (x=1; x<10; x++)

              printf("x=%d", x);

    </CODE>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a14.gif" HEIGHT=127 WIDTH=378>





    See also



    KBD, PRE, SAMP







    DD (definition description)



    The DD tag marks a definition in a definition
    list. The DD tag must be used within the scope of a DL tag and should be
    used in conjunction with the DT tag (the term being defined). The DD tag
    does not require a closing tag.





    Syntax



    <DD>





    Used within



    <DL>





    Example



    See the example for DL.





    See also



    DL, DT







    DIR (directory lists)






    Deprecated




    The DIR tag creates a definition list where each
    item in the list can be no longer than 20 characters. Some web browsers
    display items in the list in columns across the screen. Navigator always
    displays the items in a single column. To mark the individual items within
    the list, use the LI tag. A single list item can contain additional paragraphs,
    marked with the P tag.





    Syntax



    <DIR>...</DIR>





    Example          





    Several HTML character tags are:

    <DIR>

    <LI> I: displays text in italics</LI>

    <LI> B: displays text in bold</LI>

    <LI> KYBD: displays text in typewriter font</LI>

    </DIR>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a15.gif" HEIGHT=155 WIDTH=377>





    See also          



    UL







    DIV (section of a document)






    Navigator 2.0




    The DIV tag encloses a division of a document,
    such as a chapter, appendix, or section, enabling you to apply alignment
    to all paragraphs in that division.





    Syntax



    <DIV

    ALIGN="LEFT"|"CENTER"|"RIGHT"

    >



    ALIGN specifies the horizontal alignment
    of the division. The value can be:







      • LEFT aligns the division flush left (the default).


      • CENTER centers the division.


      • RIGHT aligns the division flush right.






    Used within



    <BODY>





    Example



    One way to position a table is to enclose it in
    the scope of a DIV tag.





    <TABLE BORDER>

    <TR>

    <TD><P>A <TD><P>ADDRESS <TD><P>APPLET <TD><P>AREA

    </TR>

    <TR>

    <TD><P>B <TD><P>BASE <TD><P>BASEFONT <TD><P>BIG

    </TR>

    </TABLE>

    <DIV ALIGN=CENTER>

    <TABLE BORDER>

    <TR>

    <TD><P>A <TD><P>ADDRESS <TD><P>APPLET <TD><P>AREA

    </TR>

    <TR>

    <TD><P>B <TD><P>BASE <TD><P>BASEFONT <TD><P>BIG

    </TR>

    </TABLE>

    </DIV>

    <DIV ALIGN=RIGHT>

    <TABLE BORDER>

    <TR>

    <TD><P>A <TD><P>ADDRESS <TD><P>APPLET <TD><P>AREA

    </TR>

    <TR>

    <TD><P>B <TD><P>BASE <TD><P>BASEFONT <TD><P>BIG

    </TR>

    </TABLE>

    </DIV>


    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a16.gif" HEIGHT=189 WIDTH=385>





    See also



    P







    DL (definition list)



    The DL tag encloses a definition list. A definition
    contains terms and definitions. Netscape Navigator displays the terms left
    aligned and the definitions indented on the next line.





    Syntax



    <DL COMPACT>...</DL>



    COMPACT "compacts" the definition
    list by placing the term defined by the DT tag on the same line as the
    definition defined by the DD tag, provided the term is short enough.





    Example



    The following example defines three HTML terms.





    All HTML files contain the following tags:<P>

    <DL COMPACT>

    <DT>HTML

    <DD>This tag marks a text file as an HTML document.

    <DT>HEAD

    <DD>This tag defines the heading for the HTML document.

    <DT>BODY

    <DD>This tag defines the body for the HTML document.

    <DT>DL

    <DD>This tag defines a definition list in the HTML document.

    <DT>DT

    <DD>This tag defines a term in a definition list in the HTML document.

    <DT>DT

    <DD>This tag defines a definition in a definition list in the HTML
    document.

    </DL>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a17.gif" HEIGHT=231 WIDTH=383>





    See also



    DD, DT







    DT (definition term)



    The DT tag specifies the term defined in a definition
    list. The corresponding DD tag specifies the definition. The DT tag does
    not require a closing tag.





    Syntax



    <DT>





    Used within



    <DL>





    Example



    See the example for DL.





    See also



    DL, DT







    EM (emphasize text)



    The EM tag marks text for emphasis.



    Netscape Navigator displays emphasized text in
    italics.





    Syntax



    <EM>...</EM>





    Example



    We ship your products overnight <EM>for
    free</EM>!



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a18.gif" HEIGHT=88 WIDTH=378>





    See also



    I







    EMBED (insert object)






    Navigator 2.0.




    The EMBED tag lets you display output from a plug-in
    application in an HTML document. To display, the plug-in application must
    be installed. When loaded, the applet runs automatically.





    Syntax



    <EMBED

    ALIGN="
    LEFT"|"RIGHT"|"TOP"|"BOTTOM"


    BORDER="
    pixBorder"

    FRAMEBORDER="NO"

    HEIGHT="
    pixHeight"                                                                                                                         required


    HIDDEN="TRUE|FALSE

    HSPACE="pixHoriz"

    NAME="
    appletName"

    PALETTE="FOREGROUND"|"BACKGROUND"

    PLUGINSPAGE="
    instrURL"

    src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"
    Location"                                                                                                                         Either
    SRC or TYPE is required

    TYPE="MIMEtype"                                                                                                                         Either
    SRC or TYPE is required

    VSPACE="pixVert"

    WIDTH="
    pixWidth"

    >

    ...

    </EMBED>



    Any attributes other than those listed are passed
    through to the plug-in.



    ALIGN specifies the alignment for the applet.







      • LEFT aligns text flush left (the default).


      • RIGHT aligns text flush right.


      • TOP aligns text to the top.


      • BOTTOM aligns text to the bottom.




    BORDER="pixBorder" specifies
    the size, in pixels, of the border around the applet in pixels.



    FRAMEBORDER="NO" specifies that
    the frame has no border.



    HEIGHT="pixHeight" specifies
    the height in pixels needed by the applet.



    HIDDEN="TRUE"|"FALSE"
    specifies whether the plug-in is visible on the page. The value TRUE overrides
    any HEIGHT and WIDTH to make a zero-sized plug-in. The default is FALSE.





    HSPACE="value" specifies a margin
    in pixels between the left and right edges of the applet and surrounding
    text and images. Navigator 1.1



    NAME="appletName" specifies the
    name of the applet.



    PALETTE="FOREGROUND"|"BACKGROUND"
    is relevant only on the Windows platform. A value of FOREGROUND makes the
    palette used by the plug-in be the foreground palette. Similarly, a value
    of BACKGROUND makes the plug-in use the background palette, which is also
    the default.



    PLUGINSPAGE="instrURL" specifies
    the URL that contains the instructions for installing the plug-in. This
    URL used by the assisted installation process if the plug-in registered
    for the MIME type of this EMBED tag is not found.





    VSPACE="value" specifies a margin
    in pixels between the top and bottom edges of the applet and surrounding
    text and images.Navigator 1.1



    TYPE="MIMEtype" specifies the
    MIME type of the EMBED tag, which in turn determines which plug-in to load.
    Use TYPE instead of SRC for plug-ins that require no data or plug-ins that
    fetch all their data dynamically.



    WIDTH="pixWidth" specifies the
    width in pixels in which the object must fit. The object is scaled to fit
    the specified height and width.





    Example



    The following example embeds two objects, MyMovie.mov
    and Game.ids in the document.





    <EMBED src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"MyMovie.mov" WIDTH="150" HEIGHT="250" CONTROLS="TRUE">

    <EMBED SRC="Game.ids" WIDTH="400" HEIGHT="300">





    See also



    APPLET, PARAM







    FONT (change color, face, size)






    Navigator 1.1




    The FONT tag lets you change the color, size,
    and face (font family) of the font. You can specify the default font size
    for a document using the BASEFONT tag. The FONT tag overrides any other
    font settings. In other words, text within the scope of the FONT tag is
    displayed in the color and size you specify, regardless of any other settings.





    Syntax



    <FONT

    COLOR="
    color"

    FACE="
    fontlist"

    SIZE="
    fontSize"

    >

    ...

    </FONT>





    COLOR="color" defines the desired
    text color. The color value is a hexadecimal red-green-blue triplet,
    or a color name.
    See Appendix B,
    "Color values."
    Navigator 2.0





    FACE="fontlist" specifies a comma-separated
    list of fonts as your preferred font choices for the text in the scope
    of the FONT tag. Navigator searches for the first font in the list; if
    the font is present, Navigator uses it; otherwise the search continues.
    If none of the fonts is found, Navigator 3.0



    SIZE="fontSize" defines the size
    of the font, in a range from 1 to 7, with a default size of 3. You can
    also specify the size using a plus or minus sign in front of the number
    to change the size with respect to the base font size.





    Example



    The following example displays "color"
    in red and increases the font size of "size" to 2 sizes larger
    than the base font.





    The &lt;FONT&gt; tag changes the text

    <FONT COLOR="#FF2222">color</FONT> or

    <FONT SIZE="+2">size</FONT> or

    <FONT SIZE="+2" COLOR="#FF2222">both</FONT>.



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a19.gif" HEIGHT=92 WIDTH=378>





    See also



    BASEFONT







    FORM (create form)



    The FORM tag creates an HTML form, which lets
    users input text and make choices from elements such as checkboxes, radio
    buttons, and selection lists. A user fills out the form, and then submits
    the form by clicking a button.



    You define and specify the features of a form
    by using the following tags nested within the FORM tag:






    • INPUT


    • SELECT


    • TEXTAREA



    A document can have multiple forms, but forms
    cannot be nested--you cannot have a form within a form.



    **add cross-ref to chapter 2 here**





    Syntax



    <FORM

    ACTION="
    ServerURL"                                                                                                               required,
    if any action is to occur

    ENCTYPE="EncodingType"

    METHOD="GET"|"POST"

    NAME="
    FormName"

    ONRESET="
    resetJScode"

    ONSUBMIT="
    submitJScode"

    TARGET="
    WindowName"

    >

    ...

    </FORM>



    ACTION="ServerURL" specifies
    the URL of the server where the form information is sent. This attribute
    can specify a CGI or LiveWire application on the server; it can also be
    a mailto: URL if the form is to be mailed to someone.



    ENCTYPE="EncodingType" specifies
    the MIME encoding of the data sent:






    • "application/x-www-form-urlencoded" (the default), is typically
      used if METHOD attribute has the value "POST"


    • "multipart/form-data" is used when the form contains a file
      upload element (INPUT TYPE="file").



    METHOD specifies how information is sent
    to the server specified by ACTION.






    • GET (the default) appends the input information to the URL which on
      most receiving systems becomes the value of the environment variable QUERY_STRING.


    • POST sends the input information in a data body that is available on
      stdin with the data length set in the environment variable CONTENT_LENGTH.



    NAME="FormName" specifies the
    name of the form. The name is not displayed on the form. Since there can
    be multiple forms on the same page, the NAME attribute is used by JavaScript
    to differentiate different forms.



    ONRESET="resetJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code that executes when a user resets the form, as with a RESET
    button. See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONSUBMIT="submitJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code that executes when a user submits the form, as with a SUBMIT
    button. See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.





    TARGET="WindowName" specifies
    the window that form responses are displayed in. When a user submits a
    form with a TARGET attribute, server responses are displayed in the specified
    window instead of the window that contains the form. Navigator 2.0.





    Example



    The following example creates a form called LoginForm
    that contains text fields for user name and password, a submit button,
    and a cancel button.





    <FORM NAME="LoginForm">

    <B>User name:</B><INPUT TYPE="text" NAME="userName" SIZE="10">

    <P>

    <B>Password:</B><INPUT TYPE="password" NAME="password" SIZE="12">

    <P>

    <INPUT TYPE="submit" VALUE="Log in"

                        ACTION="http://my-site.org/cgi-bin/myx.cgi">

    <INPUT TYPE="button" VALUE="Cancel" onClick="window.close()">

    </FORM>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags1a20.gif" HEIGHT=168 WIDTH=376>





    See also



    SELECT, TEXTAREA



    Tag reference list, Part 2







    FRAME (create an independent window region)



    The FRAME tag creates a frame, which is an individual,
    independently scrolling region of a web page. The FRAMESET tag defines
    a group of frames that display in one Netscape Navigator window. The FRAME
    tag defines each individual frame in the Netscape Navigator window. Each
    frame can be defined with unique features and characteristics using the
    FRAME tag's attributes.



    The content that each frame displays is determined
    by a distinct URL. Links in a frame can cause a related frame to point
    to a different URL, and frames can be targeted by other URLs within the
    same window.





    Syntax



    <FRAME

    BORDERCOLOR="
    color"

    FRAMEBORDER="YES"|"NO"

    MARGINHEIGHT="
    pixMarHeight"

    MARGINWIDTH="
    pixMarWidth"

    NAME="
    frameName"

    NORESIZE

    SCROLLING="YES"|"NO"|"AUTO"

    src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"
    URL"                                                                                                                        required


    >





    BORDERCOLOR="color" specifies
    the color of the frame's borders. The color value is a hexadecimal red-green-blue
    triplet, or a color name.
    See Appendix B,
    "Color values."
    Navigator 3.0



    Because frame borders are shared, Navigator must
    resolve any border color conflicts.







      1. Any attribute appearing in the outermost FRAMESET has the lowest priority.


      2. This attribute is, in turn, overridden by any attribute used in a nested
        FRAMESET tag.


      3. Finally, any BORDERCOLOR attribute in the current FRAME tag overrides
        all previous FRAMESET tag uses.




    If there is a conflict for two colors of equal
    priority both set on the same edge, the behavior is undefined.





    FRAMEBORDER determines whether frame borders
    are displayed. Navigator 3.0






    • YES causes an outline-3D border.


    • NO suppresses the 3D border, although the space the border would have
      occupied is is still present under control of the BORDER attribute of the
      FRAMESET tag.



    When FRAMEBORDER appears in a FRAMESET tag, it
    sets a default FRAMEBORDER value for all frames in the frameset.



    When FRAMEBORDER appears in the FRAME tag, it
    applies only to that particular frame, overriding any FRAMEBORDER established
    by an outer FRAMESET tag.



    A border shared between frames is plain only if
    all adjacent frames have the FRAMEBORDER attribute set to NO.



    When neither a FRAME nor a FRAMESET governing
    that FRAME has set FRAMEBORDER, the default setting is YES.



    MARGINHEIGHT="pixMarHeight" specifies
    a margin in pixels between the top and bottom edges of the frame and the
    frame contents.



    MARGINWIDTH="pixMarWidth" specifies
    a margin in pixels between the left and right edges of the frame and the
    frame contents.



    Tag reference list,
    Part 2
    Go to Tag reference section, Part 2







    Tags2





    FRAMESET (define a group of frames)



    The FRAMESET tag defines a group of frames that
    appear in a single Netscape Navigator window. You define and specify the
    features of the group of frames by using the following tags nested within
    the FRAMESET tag:






    • FRAME defines each individual frame. Each frame can be defined with
      unique features and characteristics using the FRAME tag's attributes.


    • NOFRAMES provides alternative content for the FRAMESET tag and is for
      browsers that cannot display frames.



    The only place the FRAMESET tag is used is in
    a frame definition document. A frame definition document is an HTML
    document that contains the layout for each frame and frameset that make
    up a Navigator window. An HTML document that contains a FRAMESET tag cannot
    contain a BODY tag.





    Syntax



    <FRAMESET

    BORDER="
    pixWidth"

    BORDERCOLOR="
    color"

    COLS="
    ColumnWidthList"                                                                                                               Either
    COLS or ROWS is required

    FRAMEBORDER="YES"|"NO"

    ONBLUR="
    blurJScode"

    ONFOCUS="
    focusJScode"

    ONLOAD="
    loadJScode"

    ONUNLOAD="
    unloadJScode"

    ROWS="
    RowHeightList"                                                                                                              Either
    COLS or ROWS is required

    >

    ...

    </FRAMESET>



    BORDER="pixWidth"specifies
    the thickness of frame borders for all frames in a frameset. A setting
    of BORDER="0" causes all frames in the frameset to have no border
    between them. A setting of BORDER="3" causes a border of 3 pixels.
    If no BORDER tag is present, the default is 5 pixels. The BORDER tag can
    be used only on an outermost FRAMESET tag. Navigator 3.0





    BORDERCOLOR="color" specifies
    the color of a frame's borders. The value of color is a hexadecimal
    red-green-blue triplet, or a color name.
    See Appendix B,
    "Color values."
    Navigator 3.0



    Because frame borders are shared, Navigator must
    resolve any border color conflicts.







      1. Any attribute appearing in the outermost FRAMESET has the lowest priority.


      2. This attribute is, in turn, overridden by any attribute used in a nested
        FRAMESET tag.


      3. Finally, any BORDERCOLOR attribute in the current FRAME tag overrides
        all previous FRAMESET tag uses.




    If there is a conflict for two colors of equal
    priority both set on the same edge, the behavior is undefined.



    COLS="ColumnWidthList" specifies
    a comma-separated list of values giving the width of each frame in the
    frameset. If one of the values is missing, the corresponding frame is sized
    to fit by the browser. The browser can approximate some values to make
    the total height of the rows equal to the height of the window or the total
    width of the columns equal to the width of the window. ColumnWidthList
    can be:







      • Size of a frame in pixels.


      • Percentage size of each frame.


      • Relative size of each frame, using asterisk (*) to mean "as much
        space as possible."




    FRAMEBORDER determines how frame borders
    are displayed.Navigator 3.0






    • YES causes an outline-3D border.


    • NO causes a plain border.



    When FRAMEBORDER appears in the FRAMESET tag,
    it sets a default FRAMEBORDER value for all frames in that frameset. When
    FRAMEBORDER appears in a FRAME tag, it applies only to that particular
    frame, overriding any FRAMEBORDER established by an outer FRAMESET tag.
    A border shared between frames is plain only if all adjacent frames have
    the FRAMEBORDER attribute set to NO. When neither a FRAME nor a FRAMESET
    governing that FRAME has set FRAMEBORDER, the default setting is YES.



    ONBLUR="blurJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when the window containing the frameset loses
    focus. See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.Navigator
    3.0



    ONFOCUS="focusJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when the window containing the frameset loses
    focus. See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.Navigator
    3.0



    ONLOAD="loadJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when the frameset is loaded into the frame.
    See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONUNLOAD="unloadJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when the frameset is unloaded (exited). See
    the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    ROWS="RowHeightList" specifies
    a comma-separated list of values giving the height of each frame in the
    frameset. If one of the values is missing, the corresponding frame is sized
    to fit by the browser. The browser can approximate some values to make
    the total height of the rows equal to the height of the window or the total
    width of the columns equal to the width of the window. RowHeightList
    can be:







      • Size of a frame in pixels.


      • Percentage size of each frame.


      • Relative size of each frame, using asterisk (*) to mean "as much
        space as possible."






    Examples



    Example 1: frameset with two frames



    The following example creates a set of two frames.
    The frameset is kept in a separate document file, such as index.html,
    that contains no other information. When users navigate to the file, index.html
    is loaded, and the FRAMESET tag within index.html then loads the
    individual URLS referenced in the FRAME tag.





    <FRAMESET COLS="30%,70%">

       <FRAME src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"toc.html" NAME="listFrame">

       <FRAME SRC="topic.html" NAME="contentFrame">

    </FRAMESET>



    The two frames appear as columns because COLS
    is specified within the FRAMESET tag. The left frame uses 30% of the available
    space, and the right frame uses the remaining 70% of the space. By default,
    the frames in this example have scroll bars and are resizable, because
    no values are specified for the SCROLLING and NORESIZE attributes.



    The code in this example creates a set of frames
    similar to the following: _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a.gif" HEIGHT=213 WIDTH=614>



    The frameset described in this example acts as
    a table of contents. The table of contents entries in the left frame are
    always available to the user. When users click a link in the left frame,
    the right frame navigates to the chosen topic. Each link in the left frame
    (the toc.html document file) uses "contentFrame" as the value
    of its TARGET attribute, which forces the right frame to display the target
    text.



    Example 2: nested frames



    The following example creates a frameset that
    contains a nested frameset.





    <FRAMESET ROWS="90%,10%">

       <FRAMESET COLS="30%,70%">

          <FRAME src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"category.html" NAME="listFrame">

          <FRAME SRC="titles.html" NAME="contentFrame">

       </FRAMESET>

       <FRAME SRC="navigate.html" NAME="navigateFrame">

    </FRAMESET>



    The code in this example creates two sets of frames
    similar to the following: _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a1.gif" HEIGHT=213 WIDTH=574>





    See also



    FRAME, NOFRAMES







    H1 through H6 (standard headings)



    HTML has six levels of headings, numbered 1 through
    6, with 1 being the most prominent. Headings are displayed in different
    fonts (larger and bold) than normal body text.





    Syntax



    <H1 ALIGN="LEFT"|"CENTER"|"RIGHT">...</H1>


    <H2 ALIGN="
    LEFT"|"CENTER"|"RIGHT">...</H2>


    <H3 ALIGN="
    LEFT"|"CENTER"|"RIGHT">...</H3>


    <H4 ALIGN="
    LEFT"|"CENTER"|"RIGHT">...</H4>


    <H5 ALIGN="
    LEFT"|"CENTER"|"RIGHT">...</H5>


    <H6 ALIGN="
    LEFT"|"CENTER"|"RIGHT">...</H6>



    ALIGN specifies the horizontal alignment
    of the heading. The value can be:







      • LEFT aligns the heading flush left (the default).


      • CENTER displays the heading centered.


      • RIGHT aligns the heading flush right.






    Example



    The following example demonstrates the use of
    the H1 through H6 tags.





    <H1>Level 1 heading</H1>

    <H2>Level 2 heading</H2>

    <H3>Level 3 heading</H3>

    <H4>Level 4 heading</H4>

    <H5>Level 5 heading</H5>

    <H6>Level 6 heading</H6>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a2.gif" HEIGHT=248 WIDTH=378>







    HEAD (define document header)



    The HEAD tag defines the HTML document header.
    The header contains information about the document, and can be used to
    define JavaScript functions to be used in the document. None of the information
    in the HEAD tag is displayed by the Web browser, except for text contained
    by the TITLE tag. You should be careful not to put any of your document
    content (other than JavaScript) in the HEAD tag.





    Syntax



    <HEAD>...</HEAD>



    The tags that can occur in a header are <BASE>,
    <ISINDEX>, <META>, <SCRIPT>, and <TITLE>.





    Example





    <HEAD>

    <TITLE> Mozilla speaks out</TITLE>

    <BASE HREF="http://www.mozilla.com">

    </HEAD>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a3.gif" HEIGHT=73 WIDTH=378>







    HR (horizontal rule)



    The HR tag draws a horizontal line across the
    document frame or window. You can use a horizontal line to visually divide
    information or sections. The HR tag doesn't require a closing tag.





    Syntax



    <HR

    ALIGN="
    CENTER"|"LEFT"|"RIGHT"

    NOSHADE

    SIZE="
    pixThick"

    WIDTH="
    value"

    >



    ALIGN specifies the horizontal alignment
    of lines that do not span the width of the page. Navigator 1.1







      • CENTER displays the line centered (the default).


      • LEFT aligns the line flush left.


      • RIGHT aligns the line flush right.




    NOSHADE removes any line shading, producing
    a solid black line. Navigator 1.1



    SIZE="pixThick" indicates the
    thickness of the line in pixels. The default is 2 pixels. Navigator
    1.1



    WIDTH="pixPct" defines the horizontal
    width of the line. The default is the width of the page. The measurement
    value can be a number of pixels or a percentage of the page width or frame
    width. Navigator 1.1





    Example



    The following example draws a horizontal rule
    between two sentences.





    This text appears above a thick, unshaded, centered horizontal rule.

    <HR NOSHADE ALIGN="CENTER" WIDTH="50%" SIZE="8">

    This text appears below the same horizontal rule.



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a4.gif" HEIGHT=114 WIDTH=379>







    HTML (outermost tag)



    The HTML tag identifies your document as an HTML
    document. These tags should be the first and last tags in any HTML document.
    This lets the client render the contents of your document correctly.





    Syntax



    <HTML>...</HTML>





    Example



    The following example begins and ends a short
    document with the HTML tag.





    <HTML>

    <BODY>

    This is a small HTML file.

    </BODY>

    </HTML>







    I (italic)



    The I tag displays text in italic.





    Syntax



    <I>...</I>





    Example



    The following example displays "italics"
    in italics.



    Putting text in <I> italics </I>
    can slant its meaning



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a5.gif" HEIGHT=88 WIDTH=376>







    IMG (insert image)



    The IMG tag specifies an image to include in an
    HTML document. Navigator supports the following types of image formats:






    • GIF (Graphics Interchange Format)


    • JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)


    • XPM (X PixMap)


    • XBM (X BitMap)





    Syntax



    <IMG

    ALIGN="LEFT"|"RIGHT"|"TOP"|"ABSMIDDLE"|"ABSBOTTOM"|


                        "TEXTTOP"|"MIDDLE"|"BASELINE"|"BOTTOM"


    ALT="
    AlternateText"

    BORDER="
    pixBorder"

    HEIGHT="
    height"

    HSPACE="
    pixHorzMarg"

    ISMAP

    LOWsrc=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"
    Location"

    NAME="
    imgName"

    ONABORT="
    imgLoadJScode"

    ONERROR="
    errorJScode"

    ONLOAD="
    imgLoadJScode"

    src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"
    Location"                                                                                                                                                                 required


    USEMAP="Location#MapName"

    VSPACE="
    pixVertMarg"

    WIDTH="
    width"

    >



    ALIGN specifies the alignment of the image
    in relation to the surrounding text. If you do not specify a value for
    ALIGN, Navigator uses "BOTTOM" as the default.Navigator
    1.1







      • LEFT aligns an image with the left margin.


      • RIGHT aligns an image with the right margin.


      • TOP aligns the top of an image with the top of the tallest item in
        the current line.








      • ABSMIDDLE aligns the middle of an image with the middle of the text
        in the current line. Navigator 3.0








      • ABSBOTTOM aligns the bottom of an image with the bottom of the lowest
        item in the current line. Navigator 3.0








      • TEXTTOP aligns the top of an image with the top of the tallest text
        in the current line. Navigator 3.0








      • MIDDLE aligns the middle of the image with the baseline of the text
        in the current line. Navigator 3.0








      • BASELINE aligns the bottom of an image with the baseline of the text
        in the current line. Navigator 3.0


      • BOTTOM is the same as BASELINE.




    ALT="AlternateText" specifies
    the simple text that a browser should display if it does not support the
    IMG tag, or if the user has suspended image loading.



    BORDER="value" specifies the
    width, in pixels, of an image border. Navigator 1.1



    HEIGHT="pixels"|"value%"
    specifies the height of the image either in pixels or as a percentage of
    the window height. Navigator 1.1



    HSPACE="value" specifies a margin
    in pixels between the left and right edges of the image and surrounding
    text and images. Navigator 1.1



    ISMAP specifies the image as a server-side
    image map.



    LOWsrc=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"Location" specifies the
    URL of a low-resolution version of the image.



    NAME="imgName" specifies a name
    by which JavaScript can refer to the image.



    ONABORT="imgAbortJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when the user terminates the loading of an image.
    See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONERROR="errorJScode" specifies
    the JavaScript code to execute when the JavaScript encounters an error.
    See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONLOAD="imgLoadJScode" specifies
    the JavaScript event handler to execute when the image is loaded. See the
    JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"Location" specifies the
    URL of the image to be displayed in the document.



    USEMAP="Location#MapName" specifies
    the image as a client-side image map. You must specify the URL of the file
    that contains the map definition, followed by a # symbol, and then the
    name of the map.



    VSPACE="value" specifies a margin
    in pixels between the top and bottom edges of the image and surrounding
    text and images.Navigator 1.1



    WIDTH="pixels"|"value%"
    specifies the width of the image either in pixels or as a percentage of
    the window width.Navigator 1.1





    Used within



    almost any tag





    Example



    Example 1: high performance



    The following example uses all the IMG attributes
    to improve performance:





    <IMG src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"http://www.HomeWorld.com/logo.gif"

              LOWSRC="http://www.HomeWorld.com/lowlogo.jpg"

              ALT="Welcome to Netscape" WIDTH="468" HEIGHT="25"

                        BORDER="0">



    This example uses the following attributes to
    improve performance:






    • The LOWSRC attribute specifies a low-resolution version of the final
      image. This small file loads quickly when a user accesses the page. The
      file is in JPEG format to make it as small as possible.


    • The HEIGHT and WIDTH tags specify the dimensions of the image. Navigator
      uses these dimensions to reserve a place for the image on the page, but
      continues loading any text and other page elements instead of waiting for
      the image to load.



    Example 2: text wrapping around an image



    In this example, an image is aligned on the right
    side of the Navigator window, and text flows around it to the left: _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a6.gif" HEIGHT=146 WIDTH=505>



    The following HTML code creates the image alignment
    and text wrap shown in the previous illustration:





    <IMG src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"logo.jpg"

              ALIGN="right" ALT="Welcome to Netscape"

              HSPACE="10" VSPACE="5">



    <BIG><B>W</B></BIG>e are committed to ensuring that our customers
    receive answers to their questions and that they enjoy trouble-free use
    of our products.<P>



    In this example, the HSPACE attribute creates
    a 10-pixel margin below the image, and the VSPACE attribute creates a 5-pixel
    margin to the left.





    See also



    AREA, MAP







    INPUT (create input elements in a form)



    The INPUT tag lets you create input fields inside
    a form. An input field lets the user enter information on an HTML form.
    The TYPE attribute determines the specific sort of form element to be created:








    • FILE places an element on an HTML form letting the user supply a file
      as input. When the form is submitted, the content of the specified file
      is sent to the server along with the other form data. See "INPUT
      TYPE="FILE"" on page 108
      . Navigator 2.0.


    • HIDDEN places a text element that is suppressed from form display on
      an HTML form. A hidden element is used for passing information to the server
      when a form is submitted. See "INPUT
      TYPE="HIDDEN"" on page 109
      .


    • IMAGE places an image, serving as a custom button, on an HTML form.
      When a user clicks an image element, the form is submitted to the server.
      See "INPUT TYPE="IMAGE""
      on page 110
      .


    • PASSWORD places a text input field on an HTML form that conceals its
      value. When the user enters text into the field, a character such as *
      or a black dot hides anything entered from view. See "INPUT
      TYPE="PASSWORD"" on page 111
      .


    • RADIO places a radio button on an HTML form. A set of radio buttons
      that all have the same NAME attribute lets the user choose one item from
      the set. If one radio button in a set has the CHECKED attriubute, that
      one is selected when the set is first laid out on the window. See "INPUT
      TYPE="RADIO"" on page 112
      .


    • RESET places a reset button on an HTML form. When a user presses a
      reset button, all elements in the form are reset to their default values.
      See "INPUT TYPE="RESET""
      on page 113
      .


    • SUBMIT places a submit button on an HTML form. When a user presses
      a submit button, the form is submitted to the server. See "INPUT
      TYPE="SUBMIT"" on page 114
      .


    • TEXT places a text input field on an HTML form. A text field lets the
      user enter a word, phrase, or series of numbers. See "INPUT
      TYPE="TEXT"" on page 115
      .



    In addition to the fields defined using INPUT,
    two types of input fields--selection lists and textarea elements--are defined
    using the SELECT and TEXTAREA tags.





    INPUT TYPE="BUTTON"





    Syntax



    <INPUT TYPE="BUTTON"

    NAME="
    buttonName"                                                                                                                                                                required


    VALUE="buttonText"

    ONCLICK="JScode"

    >



    NAME="buttonName" specifies the
    name of the input element. This value is the name portion of the
    name=value pair sent to the server when the form is submitted. The
    name is not displayed on the form.



    ONCLICK="JScode" specifies JavaScript
    code to execute when a user clicks the button. See the JavaScript Guide
    for information on event handlers.



    VALUE="buttonText" specifies
    the text to be displayed on the button.





    Used within



    FORM





    Example



    The following example is a JavaScript example
    that creates a button named CalcButton. The text "Calculate"
    is displayed on the face of the button. When the button is clicked, the
    function CalcFunction() is called.





    <FORM>

    <INPUT TYPE="button" VALUE="Calculate" NAME="CalcButton"

                        onClick="CalcFunction(this.form)">

    </FORM>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a7.gif" HEIGHT=105 WIDTH=379>





    INPUT TYPE="CHECKBOX"





    Syntax



    <INPUT TYPE="CHECKBOX"

    CHECKED

    NAME="
    checkboxName"                                                                                                                                                                required


    ONCLICK="JScode"

    VALUE="
    checkboxValue"

    >

    textToDisplay



    CHECKED indicates that the checkbox is
    selected.



    NAME="checkboxName" specifies
    the name of the input element. This value is the name portion of
    the name=value pair sent to the server when the form is submitted.
    The name is not displayed on the form.



    ONCLICK="clickJScode" specifies JavaScript
    code to execute when a user clicks the checkbox. See the JavaScript Guide
    for information on event handlers.



    textToDisplay specifies the label to display
    next to the checkbox.



    VALUE="checkboxValue" specifies
    the value to be returned to the server when the checkbox is selected and
    the form is submitted. The default value is ON.





    Used within



    FORM





    Example



    The following example displays a group of four
    checkbooks that all appear checked by default.





    <FORM>

    <B>Specify your music preferences (check all that apply):</B>

    <BR><INPUT TYPE="checkbox" NAME="musicpref_rnb" CHECKED> R&B

    <BR><INPUT TYPE="checkbox" NAME="musicpref_jazz" CHECKED> Jazz

    <BR><INPUT TYPE="checkbox" NAME="musicpref_blues" CHECKED> Blues

    <BR><INPUT TYPE="checkbox" NAME="musicpref_newage" CHECKED> New Age

    </FORM>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a8.gif" HEIGHT=158 WIDTH=377>





    INPUT TYPE="FILE"





    Syntax



    <INPUT TYPE="FILE"

    NAME="
    name"                                                                                                                                                                required


    VALUE="value"

    >



    NAME="name" specifies the name
    of the input element. This value is the name portion of the name=value
    pair sent to the server when the form is submitted. The name is not displayed
    on the form.



    VALUE="value" specifies the initial
    value of the input element.





    Used within



    FORM





    Example



    The following example creates a file upload element.





    <FORM ENCTYPE="multipart/form-data" ACTION="_URL_" METHOD="POST">

    <B>First name:</B><INPUT TYPE="text">

    <BR><B>Last name:</B><INPUT TYPE="text">

    <P><B>Brief description of the problem:</B>

    <BR><INPUT TYPE="text" SIZE="45">

    <P><B>Please attach a file with your event log.</B>

    <BR><B>File name:</B><INPUT TYPE="file">

    <P><INPUT TYPE="submit" VALUE="Submit Report">

    <INPUT TYPE="button" VALUE="Cancel" onClick="window.close()">

    </FORM>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a9.gif" HEIGHT=247 WIDTH=462>





    INPUT TYPE="HIDDEN"





    Syntax



    <INPUT TYPE="HIDDEN"

    NAME="
    hiddenName"                                                                                                                                                                required


    VALUE="hiddenValue"

    >



    NAME="hiddenName" specifies the
    name of the input element. This value is the name portion of the
    name=value pair sent to the server when the form is submitted. The
    name is not displayed on the form. This tag provides a mechanism for delivering
    a value to the server without the user having entered it, but note that
    it is not very "hidden" because the user can discover it by using
    the View|Document Source sequence.



    VALUE="hiddenValue" specifies
    the initial value of the input element.





    Used within



    FORM





    Example



    This example creates a form called LoginForm
    that contains text fields for user name and password, a submit button with
    the text "Log in" displayed on its face, and a cancel button.
    A hidden element, DefaultPass, stores the initial value of the password
    field.





    <FORM NAME="LoginForm">

    <B>User name:</B>

    <INPUT TYPE="text" NAME="userName" SIZE="10">

    <P><B>Password:</B>

    <INPUT TYPE="password" NAME="password" SIZE="12" VALUE="treasure">

    <INPUT TYPE="hidden" NAME="DefaultPass" VALUE="treasure">

    <P><INPUT TYPE="submit" VALUE="Log in">

    <INPUT TYPE="button" VALUE="Cancel" onClick="window.close()">

    </FORM>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a10.gif" HEIGHT=167 WIDTH=375>





    INPUT TYPE="IMAGE"





    Syntax



    <INPUT TYPE="IMAGE"

    ALIGN="LEFT"|"RIGHT"|"TOP"|"ABSMIDDLE"|"ABSBOTTOM"|


                        "TEXTTOP"|"MIDDLE"|"BASELINE"|"BOTTOM"


    NAME="
    name"

    src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"
    Location"

    >



    ALIGN specifies the alignment of the image
    in relation to the surrounding text. If you do not specify a value for
    ALIGN, Navigator uses "BOTTOM" as the default.Navigator
    1.1







      • LEFT aligns an image with the left margin.


      • RIGHT aligns an image with the right margin.


      • TOP aligns the top of an image with the top of the tallest item in
        the current line.








      • ABSMIDDLE aligns the middle of an image with the middle of the text
        in the current line. Navigator 3.0








      • ABSBOTTOM aligns the bottom of an image with the bottom of the lowest
        item in the current line. Navigator 3.0








      • TEXTTOP aligns the top of an image with the top of the tallest text
        in the current line. Navigator 3.0








      • MIDDLE aligns the middle of the image with the baseline of the text
        in the current line. Navigator 3.0








      • BASELINE aligns the bottom of an image with the baseline of the text
        in the current line. Navigator 3.0


      • BOTTOM is the same as BASELINE.




    NAME="name" specifies the name
    of the input element. This value is the name portion of the name=value
    pair sent to the server when the form is submitted. The name is not displayed
    on the form. When Navigator sends the offsets of the image to the server,
    it sends them as name.x and name.y.



    src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"Location" specifies the
    URL of the image to be displayed in the document.





    Used within



    FORM





    Example



    This example creates an image element. When the
    user clicks the image, the form is submitted.





    <FORM>

    ...

    <CENTER><INPUT TYPE="image" src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"signnow.gif"></CENTER>

    ...

    </FORM>





    INPUT TYPE="PASSWORD"





    Syntax



    <INPUT TYPE="PASSWORD"

    MAXLENGTH="
    maxChar"

    NAME="
    passwordName"                                                                                                                                                                required


    ONSELECT="jJScode"

    SIZE="charsLength"

    VALUE="
    textValue"

    >



    MAXLENGTH="maxChar" specifies
    the maximum number of characters a password box can accept.



    NAME="passwordName" specifies
    the name of the input element. This value is the name portion of
    the name=value pair sent to the server when the form is submitted.
    The name is not displayed on the form.



    ONSELECT="JScode" specifies JavaScript
    code to execute when a user selects some of the text in the text element.
    See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    SIZE="charsLength" specifies
    the length of the input field, in characters . When TYPE="text"
    or TYPE="password", value is the width, specified in characters,
    of the input field.



    VALUE="textValue" specifies the
    initial value of the password, if any.





    Used within



    FORM





    Example



    This example shows a password element. If the
    user enters a password containing more than 25 characters, the text scrolls
    to make room for the additional characters.





    <FORM>

    <B>Password:</B>

                        <INPUT TYPE="password" NAME="password" VALUE="" SIZE="25">

    </FORM>





    INPUT TYPE="RADIO"





    Syntax



    <INPUT TYPE="RADIO"

    CHECKED

    NAME="
    radioName"                                                                                                                                                                required


    ONCLICK="JScode"

    VALUE="
    buttonValue"                                                                                                                                                                required


    >

    textToDisplay



    CHECKED indicates that the rradio button
    is selected. .



    NAME="radioName" specifies the
    name of the input element. This value is the name portion of the
    name=value pair sent to the server when the form is submitted. The
    name is not displayed on the form. All radio buttons that have the same
    name constitute a radio group; only one radio button of a group can be
    set at one time.



    ONCLICK="clickJScode" specifies JavaScript
    code to execute when a user clicks the radio button. See the JavaScript
    Guide for information on event handlers.



    textToDisplay specifies the label to display
    next to the radio button.



    VALUE="value" specifies the value
    that is returned to the server when the radio button is selected and the
    form is submitted. This defaults to ON.





    Used within



    FORM





    Example



    The following example creates a radio button group.





    <FORM>

    <B>Category:</B>

    <BR><INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="category" VALUE="liv" CHECKED> Living

    <BR><INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="category" VALUE="din"> Dining

    <BR><INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="category" VALUE="bed"> Bedroom

    <BR><INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="category" VALUE="bth"> Bath

    <BR><INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="category" VALUE="grd"> Garden

    <BR><INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="category" VALUE="shp"> Shop

    </FORM>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a11.gif" HEIGHT=186 WIDTH=378>





    INPUT TYPE="RESET"





    Syntax



    <INPUT TYPE="RESET"

    NAME="
    resetName"                                                                                                                                                                required


    ONCLICK="JScode"

    VALUE="buttonText"

    >



    NAME="resetName" specifies the
    name of the input element. This value is the name portion of the
    name=value pair sent to the server when the form is submitted. The
    name is not displayed on the form.



    ONCLICK="JScode" specifies JavaScript
    code to execute when a user clicks the button. See the JavaScript Guide
    for information on event handlers.



    VALUE="buttonText" specifies
    the text to display on the face of the reset button. .





    Used within



    FORM





    Example



    This example displays a text element with the
    default value "CA" and a reset button with the text "Clear
    Form" displayed on its face. If the user types a state abbreviation
    in the text element and then clicks the Clear Form button, the original
    value of "CA" is restored.





    <FORM>

    <B>State: </B><INPUT TYPE="text" NAME="state" VALUE="CA" SIZE="2">

    <P><INPUT TYPE="reset" VALUE="Clear Form">

    </FORM>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a12.gif" HEIGHT=136 WIDTH=377>





    INPUT TYPE="SUBMIT"





    Syntax



    <INPUT TYPE="SUBMIT"

    NAME="
    submitName"                                                                                                                                                                required


    VALUE="buttonText"

    >



    NAME="submitName" specifies the
    name of the input element. The name is not displayed on the form.



    VALUE="buttonText" specifies
    the text to display on the face of the submit button.





    Used within



    FORM





    Example



    The following example creates a submit button
    called SubmitButton. The text "Done" is displayed on the
    face of the button.





    <FORM>

    <INPUT TYPE="submit" NAME="SubmitButton" VALUE="Done">

    </FORM>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a13.gif" HEIGHT=105 WIDTH=377>





    INPUT TYPE="TEXT"





    Syntax



    <INPUT TYPE="TEXT"

    MAXLENGTH="
    maxChar"

    NAME="
    textName"                                                                                                                                                                required


    ONBLUR="blurJScode"

    ONCHANGE="
    changeJScode"

    ONFOCUS="
    focusJScode"

    ONSELECT="JScode"

    SIZE="lengthChar"

    VALUE="
    textValue"

    >



    MAXLENGTH="maxChar" specifies
    the maximum number of characters a text box can accept.



    NAME="textName" specifies the
    name of the input element. This value is the name portion of the
    name=value pair sent to the server when the form is submitted. The
    name is not displayed on the form.



    ONBLUR="blurJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when the text element loses focus. See the JavaScript
    Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONCHANGE="changeJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when the text element loses focus and its value
    has been modified. See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONFOCUS="focusJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when a user clicks the text element. See the
    JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONSELECT="JScode" specifies JavaScript
    code to execute when a user selects some of the text in the text element.
    See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    SIZE="lengthChar" specifies the
    length of the input field, in characters . When TYPE="text" or
    TYPE="password", value is the width, specified in characters,
    of the input field.



    VALUE="textValue" specifies the
    initial value of the text element.





    Used within



    FORM





    Example



    The following example creates a text element that
    is 25 characters long. The text field appears immediately to the right
    of the words "Last name:". The text field is blank when the form
    loads.





    <FORM>

    <B>Last name:</B>

    <INPUT TYPE="text" NAME="last_name" VALUE="" SIZE="25">

    </FORM>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a14.gif" HEIGHT=112 WIDTH=377>







    ISINDEX (indicate presence of searchable index)



    The ISINDEX tag indicates that the document has
    a searchable index. An HTML index document can be read and queried using
    a keyword search, if the server has access to a search engine. Generally,
    documents with the ISINDEX tag include a user interface element (such as
    a button) or a prompt to initiate the search. You can control the text
    that appears as part of the search by using the PROMPT attribute.



    The keywords are passed to the server by adding
    a question mark to the end of the URL followed by a list of keywords separated
    by a plus sign. For example:





    http://www.acme.com/products/index.htm?inventory+ordering+shipping 


    Note that ISINDEX does not require a closing tag.





    Syntax



    <ISINDEX PROMPT="text"
    >



    PROMPT="text" specifies the text
    that appears as the search prompt in the browser. Navigator 1.1





    Used within



    HEAD





    Example



    The following example uses the ISINDEX tag.





    <HEAD>

    <ISINDEX>

    <TITLE> Finding the Perfect Glaze </TITLE>

    </HEAD>

    <BODY>

    <FORM>

    <INPUT TYPE="SUBMIT" NAME="SubmitButton" VALUE="Search">

    </FORM>

    </BODY>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a15.gif" HEIGHT=165 WIDTH=380>







    KBD (keyboard text)



    The KBD tag indicates text that is a keyboard
    key. Netscape Navigator displays the specified text in the current fixed-width
    font as determined by the font setting (Options|General Preferences).





    Syntax



    <KBD>...</KBD>





    Used within



    P





    Example



    The <KBD>ENTER</KBD> key lets
    you ...



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a16.gif" HEIGHT=88 WIDTH=378>





    See also



    CODE, PRE, TT







    KEYGEN (generate key material)



    The KEYGEN tag facilitates the generation of key
    material and submission of the public key as part of an HTML form. This
    mechanism is designed for use in web-based certificate management systems.
    It displays a menu of key-size choices from which the user must choose
    one. Then, when the submit button is pressed, a key pair of the selected
    size is generated. The private key is encrypted and stored in the local
    key database.



    The public key and challenge string are DER encoded
    as PublicKeyAndChallenge, and then digitally signed with the private key
    to produce a SignedPublicKeyAndChallenge. The SignedPublicKeyAndChallenge
    is base64 encoded, and the ASCII data is finally submitted to the server
    as the value of a name-value pair, where the name is name as specified
    by the NAME attribute of the KEYGEN tag.





    Syntax



    <KEYGEN

    NAME="
    name"                                                                                                     required


    CHALLENGE="challenge"

    >



    NAME="name" specifies the name
    for the name-value pair.



    CHALLENGE="challenge" specifies
    the challenge string to be packaged with the public key in the PublicKeyAndChallengefor
    use in verification of the form submission. If no challenge string is provided,
    then it is encoded as an IA5STRING of length zero.





    Used within



    FORM





    Example





    <FORM.....>

    ...

    <KEYGEN NAME="somekey" CHALLENGE="1125983021">

    ...

    </FORM>







    LI (list item)



    The LI tag indicates an item in a list. A single
    list item can contain additional paragraphs, marked with the P tag.



    The LI tag does not require a closing tag.





    Syntax



    <LI

    TYPE=

              "DISC"|"CIRCLE"|"SQUARE"          |                                                                                          
    within
    UL

              "A"|"a"|"I"|"i"|"1"                                                                                                    within
    OL

    VALUE="number"

    >



    TYPE specifies the type of symbol or numbering
    sequence to use before each item.



    DISC specifies a solid bullet

    CIRCLE specifies a hollow bullet

    SQUARE specifies a square bullet

    A specifies a sequence of uppercase letters

    a specifies a sequence of lowercase letters

    I specifies a sequence of uppercase Roman numerals

    i specifies a sequence of lowercase Roman numerals

    1 specifies a sequence of numbers.



    VALUE="number" indicates the
    starting number for an item in a numbered list. This attribute is valid
    only in an ordered list. See "OL (ordered
    list)" on page 131
    for information on the types of numbering
    available.





    Used within



    DIR, DL, OL, UL





    Example



    The following example defines three HTML terms.
    Note the use of &#60; and &#62; as one way to represent the less-than
    and greater-than characters.





    The &#60;LI&#62; tag allows you to:<P>

    <UL>

    <LI>Identify items in a numbered list

    <LI>Identify items in an unordered list

    <LI>Identify items in a directory list

    <LI>Identify items in a menu

    </UL>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a17.gif" HEIGHT=168 WIDTH=375>







    MAP (define client-side image map)



    An image map is a graphic that contains hyperlinks.
    The image map can be divided into many regions, and each region of the
    map can point to a different URL. When a user clicks a specific region
    of the image map, Navigator loads a specific URL.



    Client-side image maps are defined by the MAP
    and AREA tags and loaded into the Navigator as hypergraphics. When a user
    clicks the image, Navigator determines what URL to load based on the information
    in the AREA tag. The USEMAP attribute of the IMG tag specifies an image
    as a client-side image map.





    Syntax



    <MAP

    NAME="
    mapName"                                                                                                               required


    >

    ...

    </MAP>



    NAME="mapName" specifies the
    name of the map.





    Example



    In this example, an image map is used as a toolbar
    to help users navigate in a web site. The following illustration shows
    what the finished image map looks like to a user: _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a18.gif" HEIGHT=80 WIDTH=612>



    Each button on the toolbar is a separate region
    of the image map. The seven buttons correspond to regions defined by seven
    AREA tags. The following code defines the map:





    <MAP NAME="mainmap">

              <AREA COORDS="0,0,65,24" HREF="/escapes/index.html">

              <AREA COORDS="66,0,132,24" HREF="/comprod/index.html">

              <AREA COORDS="133,0,185,24"

                        HREF="http://merchant.netscape.com/netstore/index.html"

                        TARGET="_top">

              <AREA COORDS="186,0,248,24" HREF="/newsref/index.html">

              <AREA COORDS="249,0,318,24" HREF="/assist/index.html">

              <AREA COORDS="319,0,390,24" HREF="/commun/index.html">

              <AREA COORDS="391,0,467,24" HREF="/business_solutions/index.html">

    </MAP>



    Because no SHAPE attribute is specified for any
    AREA tag, the shape of each region defaults to a rectangle. The third AREA
    tag uses the "_top" value for its TARGET attribute to specify
    that its URL is loaded into the full Navigator window.



    The image used for the toolbar is nav.gif,
    an interlaced GIF. The IMG tag that loads nav.gif uses the USEMAP
    attribute to specify that the image is a client-side image map. The value
    of the USEMAP attribute, mainmap, is also the value used for the
    NAME attribute of the MAP tag. The following code associates the map with
    the image:





    <IMG src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"nav.gif"

              WIDTH="468" HEIGHT="25" BORDER="0"

              USEMAP="#mainmap">





    See also



    AREA, BASE, IMG







    MENU (list of simple items)






    Deprecated




    The MENU tag defines a list of simple items, such
    as you would use to create a menu. This tag works just like the UL tag.
    The items should be short, no longer than one line. Each is begun by the
    <LI> tag.





    Syntax



    <MENU

    ...

    </MENU>





    . Example



    The following example creates a simple menu.



    Netscape Navigator supports these platforms:





    <MENU>

    <LI> UNIX

    <LI> Windows

    <LI> Macintosh

    </MENU>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags2a19.gif" HEIGHT=128 WIDTH=378>





    See also



    UL, LI



    Tag reference list Part 3






    META (meta-document information)



    The META tag specifies meta-document information
    or creates an HTTP response header. The META tag provides a way to store
    information about the document that is not available elsewhere in the document.
    For example, the META tag can contain catalog, author, or index information
    that various search engines can use.



    The META tag creates a special HTTP response header
    that the server sends to the client before transmitting the HTML document.
    This form of the META syntax is frequently used to implement client pull.



    When you create an HTTP header with META, do not
    override a response header field that is normally returned by the server.
    Use META to create a special response header field, such as a "refresh"
    field that implements client pull.





    Syntax



    <META

    CONTENT="
    value"                                                                                           required


    HTTP-EQUIV="FieldName"

    NAME="name"

    >



    CONTENT="FieldContent" specifies
    the value of the HTTP response header field created by HTTP-EQUIV.Navigator
    1.1



    HTTP-EQUIV="FieldName" specifies
    the name of the HTTP response header field.



    NAME="name" specifies a name for the
    meta-document information. Different programs that access meta-document
    information expect different values for this attribute





    Used within



    HEAD





    Examples



    Example 1: indexing information



    In this example, the META tag stores indexing
    information that a search engine uses when it accesses the document. This
    search engine expects the NAME attribute to have a value of "keywords"
    when a document is indexed. Search utilities and some webcrawlers used
    by web search servers will catalog this information. The index keywords
    are stored as the value of the CONTENT attribute.





    <HEAD>

    <TITLE>HTML Reference</TITLE>

    <META NAME="keywords"

              CONTENT="HTML documentation reference Netscape">

    </HEAD>



    This document is indexed under the terms "HTML",
    "documentation", "reference", and "Netscape".



    Example 2: a special HTTP header



    In this example, the META tag creates a special
    HTTP header field called "Creation_Date". This field is returned
    by the server when an HTTP connection for this document is established.





    <HEAD>

              <META NAME="Creation_Date" CONTENT="July 17, 1995 19:24:00">

    </HEAD>



    This example creates the following HTTP header
    field:



    Creation_Date: July 17, 1995 19:24:00



    Example 3: a simple animation



    In this example, the META tag creates a special
    HTTP header field that implements a client pull animation. The animation
    shows three different views of a dog; these views, when loaded sequentially,
    simulate the dog running. The CONTENT attribute specifies that each view
    of the dog is displayed for three seconds.



    When a user loads spot1.html, the file
    is displayed for three seconds. Then the second file, spot2.html
    is loaded. After three more seconds elapse, spot3.html is loaded
    by the browser. The following code is contained in a file called spot1.html:





    <HEAD>

    <TITLE>See Spot Run</TITLE>

    <META NAME="refresh"

              CONTENT="3,URL='http://www.homepage.com/spot2.html'">

    </HEAD>



    <BODY>

    <IMG src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"spot1.gif">

    </BODY>



    The file spot2.html contains the following information:





    <HEAD>

    <TITLE>See Spot Run</TITLE>

    <META NAME="refresh"

              CONTENT="3;URL='http://www.homepage.com/spot3.html'">

    </HEAD>

    <BODY>

    <IMG src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"spot2.gif">

    </BODY>



    Similarly, the file spot3.html contains
    a reference to spot3.gif within an IMG tag.





    See also



    HEAD



    Tag reference list
    Part 3
    Go to Tag reference section, Part 3











    MULTICOL (multiple column formatting)






    Navigator 3.0




    The MULTICOL tag establishes an area of the document
    as having multiple, equal-width columns.





    Syntax



    <MULTICOL

    COLS="number"                                                                                                                        
    required


    GUTTER="gwidth"

    WIDTH="colwidth"

    >

    ...

    </MULTICOL>



    COLS="number" specifies the number
    of text columns for the text display. Netscape Navigator attempts to flow
    elements evenly across the columns to make each column be about the same
    height. Unless the WIDTH attribute is present, column width is adjusted
    to fill the available view.



    GUTTER="gwidth" specifies the
    number of pixels to appear between columns. If it is not specified, Netscape
    Navigator uses 10.



    WIDTH="colwidth" specifies the
    width of each column in the group, in pixels. All columns are the same
    width. If WIDTH is not present, its value is determined by subtracting
    from the display width the number of pixels that constitute the gutter
    and then dividing by the number of columns





    Example



    The following example uses the MULTICOL tag to
    display three columns of text.





    <MULTICOL COLS="3" WIDTH="520" >

    <P>

    HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is a set of tags and attributes that
    mark how text is organized and

    displayed by web browsers.

    </P><P>

    HTML documents are files containing text and tags

    written for the HyperText Transport Protocol

    (HTTP)--the protocol used throughout the World Wide Web.

    </P><P>

    HTML tags define both the structure of a web page and

    the way the marked text displays in a browser such as

    Netscape Navigator. Tags mark the start and the end of

    text. For example, you can use the H1 tag to mark text

    as a first-level heading. When a web browser such as

    Netscape Navigator displays that text, it appears in a

    large font,

    </P><P>

    HTML documents may have different appearances on

    different browsers. Even if all of your readers use

    Netscape Navigator, they all might not see your

    HTML page in the same way because they can configure

    Netscape Navigator to use different fonts and to

    override your color settings.

    </P>

    </MULTICOL>





    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a.gif" HEIGHT=292 WIDTH=396>








    NOBR (no break)






    Navigator 1.1




    The NOBR tag ensures that a line of text does
    not wrap to the next line. This tag is useful for words or phrases that
    must be kept together on one line. However, note that if the line of text
    is long, it can extend beyond the margin of the browser window, so the
    user must use scrollbars to view the text.





    Syntax



    <NOBR>...</NOBR>





    Example



    The following example uses the NOBR tag to display
    a long line of text.





    <NOBR>

    Line breaks are not inserted into the text contained within a
    &lt;NOBR&gt; block. This tag should be used with care, since it can
    create <i>really</i> long lines of text.

    </NOBR>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a1.gif" HEIGHT=74 WIDTH=589>







    NOEMBED (alternate text for plug-ins)



    Use the NOEMBED tag if your document might be
    displayed on a browser that cannot display content from plug-in programs,
    and you want to provide alternative content. Browsers that can display
    objects ignore all text in the NOEMBED tag.





    Syntax



    <NOEMBED>...</NOEMBED>





    Example



    The following example uses the NOEMBED tag to
    provide alternate information for a browser that cannot embed objects.





    <NOEMBED>

    Sorry -- this page requires a web browser that can display objects. We
    recommend <I>Netscape Navigator</i>.

    </NOEMBED>

    <EMBED src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"MyMovie.mov", WIDTH="150">

    <EMBED SRC="Game.ids", WIDTH="400">







    NOFRAMES (alternate text for frames)



    Use the NOFRAMES tag to provide alternative content
    for browsers to display if they do not recognize frames. Browsers that
    can display frames ignore all text in the NOFRAMES tags unless a file called
    by a frame tag is missing or unreachable by the browser.



    Place the NOFRAMES tag within the FRAMESET tag.





    Syntax



    <NOFRAMES>...</NOFRAMES>





    Used within



    <FRAMESET>





    Example



    The following example uses the NOFRAMES tag within
    the FRAMESET tag.





    <FRAMESET ROWS="50%,*">

              <FRAME src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"upper.html">

              <FRAME SRC="lower.html">

    <NOFRAMES>

    Sorry -- this page requires a web browser that supports

    frames. We recommend <I>Netscape Navigator</i>.

    </NOFRAMES>

    </FRAMESET>





    See also



    FRAME, FRAMESET







    NOSCRIPT (alternate text for JavaScript)






    Navigator 3.0




    The NOSCRIPT tag delimits the content for a browser
    to display when JavaScript is not available, or when the user has turned
    off support for JavaScript by means of the Network|Languages preferences
    setting.





    Syntax



    <NOSCRIPT>...</NOSCRIPT>





    Used within



    <HEAD>







    OL (ordered list)



    The OL tag creates an ordered, or numbered, list.
    The default numbering style is determined by the browser, but you can use
    the tag's attributes to change the numbering sequence. Use LI to designate
    the individual list items.





    Syntax



    <OL

    START="
    value"

    TYPE="
    value"

    >

    ...

    </OL>





    START="value" indicates the starting
    number for the list. The number must be a positive integer.Navigator
    1.1





    TYPE="value" defines the type
    of numbering sequence used for each list item, depending on the type of
    list the item is in. Navigator 1.1 The value can be:







      • 1 Arabic numerals


      • A Capital letters


      • a Lowercase letters


      • I Roman numerals


      • i Lowercase Roman numerals




    The following example uses the LI tag to define
    three list elements in an ordered list. The numbers are roman numerals
    and begin with the number three.



    The following steps outline how to create HTML
    files:





    <OL START="3" TYPE="I">

    <LI> Use a text editor or Netscape Navigator Gold to create your HTML
    file.

    <LI> Put the HTML files on a web server.

    <LI> Test the files by accessing them with the server's URL.

    </OL>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a2.gif" HEIGHT=160 WIDTH=378>





    See also



    DIR, LI







    OPTION (option in a SELECT list)



    The OPTION tag specifies a single option within
    the scope of a SELECT tag.





    Syntax



    <OPTION

    VALUE="
    optionValue"

    SELECTED

    >

    ...

    </OPTION>



    VALUE="OptionValue" specifies
    a value that is returned to the server when the option is selected and
    the form is submitted. When no VALUE attribute is present, the value returned
    is the same as the text following the <OPTION> tag.



    SELECTED specifies that the option is selected
    by default.





    Used within



    FORM





    Example



    The following example uses OPTION to specify the
    selections in a SELECT list. The user can select only one item from this
    list. The value returned to the server is "Standard", "2-day",
    or "speedy".





    <FORM>

    ...

    <B>Shipping method:</B><BR>

    <SELECT>

                        <OPTION> Standard

                        <OPTION SELECTED> 2-day

                        <OPTION VALUE="speedy"> Overnight

    </SELECT>

    ...

    </FORM>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a3.gif" HEIGHT=136 WIDTH=378>





    See also



    SELECT







    P (paragraph)



    The P tag specifies a paragraph. You must use
    the P tag to separate content because in HTML carriage returns aren't significant.
    The P tag puts space after the paragraph (unlike the BR tag). Most browsers
    do not recognize the ending tag.





    Syntax



    <P

    ALIGN="LEFT"|"CENTER"|"RIGHT"

    >

    ...

    </P>





    ALIGN specifies the horizontal alignment
    of the paragraph. Navigator 1.1 The value can be:







      • LEFT aligns the paragraph flush left (the default).


      • CENTER centers the paragraph.


      • RIGHT aligns the paragraph flush right.






    Example



    The following example uses the P tag to break
    the text into two paragraphs.



    <P > The &lt;P&gt; tag begins
    a new paragraph.

    <P> The &lt;/P&gt; tag can terminate a paragraph, but few
    web browsers require it. As a result, few authors user it.



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a4.gif" HEIGHT=122 WIDTH=377>







    PARAM (parameter for an applet)



    The PARAM tag assigns a value for a parameter
    required by an applet.





    Syntax



    <PARAM

    NAME="
    value"                                                                                 required


    VALUE="value"                                                                                 required


    >



    NAME="value" specifies the name
    of the variable.



    VALUE="value" specifies the value
    for the variable.





    Example



    The following example uses the PARAM tag to assign
    values to variables required by the applet.



    <APPLET CODEBASE="http://www.netscape.com/comprod/products/navigator/version_2.0/java_applets/StarField"


    CODE="stars.class" WIDTH="400" HEIGHT="100">


    <PARAM NAME="numstars" VALUE="50">

    </APPLET>





    See also



    APPLET







    PLAINTEXT (display rest of document as-is)






    Deprecated in favor of PRE.




    The PLAINTEXT tag displays text in a plain text
    style, with no additional styles (bold, italics, underlined). The PLAINTEXT
    tag suppresses interpretation of all HTML tags within its scope.





    Syntax



    <PLAINTEXT>





    Example



    The following example uses the PLAINTEXT tag.





    <PLAINTEXT>

    The <B>PLAINTEXT</B> tag suppresses interpretation of HTML tags that
    <I>follow</I> it to the end of the document.





    See also



    CODE, PRE, SAMP, XMP







    PRE (preformatted text, fixed-width font, no join)



    The PRE tag displays preformatted text in the
    fixed-width font as determined by the font setting (Options|General Preferences).
    Using this tag you can insert and reproduce formatted text, preserving
    its original layout, but you have to use entities for the <> and
    other symbols. The <PRE> tag suspends text joining and blank suppression.
    This makes the <PRE> tag useful for duplicating blocks of text that
    were created for some text-only form, such as electronic mail messages
    and news postings.



    The PRE tag does not suppress interpretation of
    other HTML tags, unlike XMP and PLAINTEXT.





    Syntax



    <PRE >...</PRE>





    Example





    The mail message said:

    <PRE>

    To: Lee Smith

    From: Chris Brown

    Subject: Meeting schedule

    Date: Fri, 13 Sep 1996 22:00:05



    9/17/96 8:00 a.m. Room 218

    9/18/96 9:00 a.m. Room 218

    9/23/96 2:00 p.m. Room 111

    </PRE>







    S (strikeout type)






    Navigator 3.0




    See "STRIKE (strikeout
    type)" on page 143
    . The <S> ... </S> pair is
    exactly equivalent to the <STRIKE> ... </STRIKE> pair.







    SAMP (insert sample)



    The SAMP tag delimits a sequence of literal characters,
    such as example text. The text is rendered in the fixed-width font, as
    determined in Options|General Preferences. It is equivalent to the XMP
    tag.





    Syntax



    <SAMP>...</SAMP>





    Example





    When writing HTML documents, be sure to start with a basic HTML document
    layout:

    <SAMP>

    <HTML>

    <HEAD> </HEAD>

    <BODY>

    </BODY>

    <</HTML>

    </SAMP>





    See also



    KBD, PLAINTEXT, PRE, TT, XMP







    SCRIPT (client-side JavaScript code)



    The SCRIPT tag specifies client-side JavaScript
    code. Anything that you enter within the SCRIPT tag is treated as a script
    element by the browser. For example, text within angle brackets is interpreted
    by the browser as a script element, not as an HTML element.



    See the JavaScript Guide for more information.





    Syntax



    <SCRIPT

    LANGUAGE="
    LanguageName"                                                                                                               required
    unless SRC is present

    src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"Location"                                                  


    >

    ...

    </SCRIPT>



    LANGUAGE="LanguageName" specifies
    the program language. If the LANGUAGE attribute is not specified, the default
    value is JavaScript.





    You can specify JavaScript 1.1 for scripts
    to be executed by the 1.1 version of JavaScript (compatible with Navigator
    3.0), or JavaScript 1.0 for scripts to be executed by the 1.0 version.
    Navigator 3.0





    src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"Location" specifies the
    URL of the script, if you want to load a script from a separate file. The
    suffix on a Location specifies the scripting language. The web server maps
    the suffix to the MIME time, so a script that contains JavaScript code
    should have a suffix that maps to "appliation/x-javascript" Navigator
    3.0







    Examples



    Example 1: using the SCRIPT tag



    The following example uses the SCRIPT tag to define
    a JavaScript script. Because the SCRIPT tag is contained within the HEAD
    tag, the script is loaded before anything else in the document is loaded.
    The JavaScript code in this example defines a function which opens another
    browser window.





                        <SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScript">

                                  function createWindow() {

                                            answerWindow=window.open(answerWindowUrl)

                                  }

                        </SCRIPT>



    Example 2: using the SRC attribute



    The following example uses the SRC attribute to
    specify the location of a file containing JavaScript code:





    <SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScript"

                                  src=/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/"http://www.netscape.com/myScript.js">

    </SCRIPT>





    See also



    NOSCRIPT, SERVER







    SELECT (selection list on a form)



    The SELECT tag defines a selection list on an
    HTML form. A selection list lets the user choose one or more items from
    a list.



    When a form is submitted to the server, the value
    portion of a selection list's name=value pair is the text that follows
    the selected OPTION tag.





    Syntax



    <SELECT

    NAME="
    selectName"                                                                                                               required


    MULTIPLE

    ONBLUR="
    blurJScode"

    ONCHANGE="
    changeJScode"

    ONCLICK="JScode"

    ONFOCUS="focusJScode"

    SIZE="
    ListLength"

    >

    ...

    </SELECT>



    MULTIPLE specifies that multiple items
    can be selected. If omitted, only one item can be selected from the list.



    NAME="selectName" specifies the
    name of the select element. This value is the name portion of the
    name-value pair sent to the server when the form is submitted. The
    name is not displayed on the form.



    ONBLUR="blurJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when the select element loses focus. See the
    JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONCHANGE="changeJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when the select element loses focus and its
    value has been modified. See the JavaScript for information on event handlers.



    ONCLICK="JScode" specifies JavaScript
    code to execute when a user clicks the button. See the JavaScript Guide
    for information on event handlers.



    ONFOCUS="focusJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when a user clicks the select element or tabs
    to it. See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    SIZE="ListLength" specifies the
    number of options visible when the form is displayed. If the list contains
    more options than specified by size, the list is displayed with scrollbars.





    Used within



    FORM





    Examples



    Example 1: single selection



    The following example creates a list. The user
    can select only one item from this list.





    <FORM>

    ...

    <B>Shipping method:</B><BR>

    <SELECT>

              <OPTION> Standard

              <OPTION SELECTED> 2-day

              <OPTION> Overnight

    </SELECT>

    ...

    </FORM>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a5.gif" HEIGHT=136 WIDTH=376>



    If the SIZE attribute is omitted as shown here,
    the list is displayed as a pull-down list, as shown in the Shipping Method
    list in the previous figure. If SIZE is present, the list looks similar
    to the Music Types list in the previous figure.



    Example 2: multiple selection



    The following example creates a list. The MULTIPLE
    attribute lets the user select multiple items from this list.





    <FORM>

    ...

    <B>Music types for your free CDs:</B><BR>

    <SELECT NAME="music_type_multi" MULTIPLE>

                        <OPTION> R&B

                        <OPTION> Jazz

                        <OPTION> Blues

                        <OPTION> Reggae

    </SELECT>

    ...

    </FORM>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a6.gif" HEIGHT=139 WIDTH=378>



    Example 3: multiple selection with default



    In the following example, all three options can
    be chosen, but bananas are selected by default.





    <FORM>

    ...

    <SELECT NAME="fruit_choices" MULTIPLE>

                        <OPTION>Apples

                        <OPTION SELECTED>Bananas

                        <OPTION>Cherries

    </SELECT>

    ...

    </FORM>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a7.gif" HEIGHT=136 WIDTH=378>





    See also



    FORM







    SERVER (run a LiveWire script)



    The SERVER tag specifies server-side JavaScript
    statements that are compiled by LiveWire. (Contrast this with the SCRIPT
    tag, which specifies client-side JavaScript statements.) When a script
    is specified within the SERVER tag, LiveWire runs it on the server. See
    the LiveWire Developer's Guide for more information about JavaScript
    in LiveWire.





    Syntax



    <SERVER>...</SERVER>





    Example



    The following example uses the SERVER tag to define
    a LiveWire script. This LiveWire script connects to a database server:





    <SERVER>

       database.connect("INFORMIX", "blue", "ADMIN", "MANAGER", "mydb")

    </SERVER>





    See also



    SCRIPT







    SMALL (decrease font size)






    Navigator 2.0




    The SMALL tag displays text in a smaller font
    size than the default font size. The text displays one size smaller (n-1).
    You can specify the default font size using the BASEFONT tag. Unless defined
    by the user, the default font size is 3.





    Syntax



    <SMALL>...</SMALL>





    Example



    The following example decreases the font size
    two times for "smaller, and smaller."





    <FONT SIZE="+1">

    When Alice ate from the Caterpillar's mushroom, she grew

    <SMALL>smaller and <SMALL>smaller.</SMALL></SMALL>

    </FONT>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a8.gif" HEIGHT=90 WIDTH=377>





    See also



    BIG, BASEFONT, FONT







    SPACER (horizontal and vertical spacing)






    Navigator 3.0




    The SPACER tag provides better control over the
    spacing of objects and whitespace in HTML pages. It governs the space between
    words or between lines, or creates a spacing rectangle, similar to an invisible
    image.





    Syntax



    <SPACER

    ALIGN="LEFT"|"RIGHT"|"TOP"|"ABSMIDDLE"|"ABSBOTTOM"|


    "TEXTTOP"|"MIDDLE"|"BASELINE"|"BOTTOM"


    HEIGHT="value"

    SIZE="value"

    TYPE="HORIZONTAL"|"VERTICAL"|"BLOCK"

    WIDTH="value"

    >



    ALIGN applies only when the spacer is of
    type BLOCK, and specifies the alignment of the spacing rectangle in relation
    to the surrounding text. If you do not specify a value for ALIGN, Navigator
    uses "BOTTOM" as the default.







      • LEFT aligns a spacing rectangle with the left margin.


      • RIGHT aligns a spacing rectangle with the right margin.


      • TOP aligns the top of a spacing rectangle with the top of the tallest
        item in the current line.


      • ABSMIDDLE aligns the middle of a spacing rectangle with the middle
        of the text in the current line.


      • ABSBOTTOM aligns the bottom of a spacing rectangle with the bottom
        of the lowest item in the current line.


      • TEXTTOP aligns the top of a spacing rectangle with the top of the tallest
        text in the current line.


      • MIDDLE aligns the middle of a spacing rectangle with the baseline of
        the text in the current line.


      • BASELINE aligns the bottom of a spacing rectangle with the baseline
        of the text in the current line.


      • BOTTOM is the same as BASELINE.




    HEIGHT="value" applies only when
    the spacer is of type BLOCK, and specifies the height of the spacing rectangle
    in pixels.



    SIZE="pixelSize" depents on the
    value of TYPE. When the spacer is of type BLOCK, pixelSize specifies
    the absolute width or height in pixels of the spacing rectangle. When the
    spacer is of type HORIZONTAL or VERTICAL pixelSize specifies the
    absolute width or height in pixels of the added space.



    TYPE specifies whether the spacing is that
    between words, that between lines, or that of a rectangular space.






    • HORIZONTAL inserts horizontal space between words. The width of this
      space is specified by the SIZE attribute.


    • VERTICAL inserts vertical space between lines. Implicit in this spacer
      is a line break to end the current line, then Navigator adds the vertical
      space before the beginning of the next line. The height of the space is
      specified by the SIZE attribute.


    • BLOCK behaves almost exactly like an invisible image. The Navigator
      ignores any SIZE attribute and instead uses the HEIGHT, WIDTH, and ALIGN
      attributes to define a spacing rectangle.



    WIDTH="value" applies only when
    the spacer is of type BLOCK, and specifies the width of the spacing rectangle
    in pixels.







    STRIKE (strikeout type)






    Navigator 3.0




    The STRIKE tag displays text with a line (strike)
    through it.





    Syntax



    <STRIKE>...</STRIKE>





    Example



    The following example displays "strikes"
    with a line through the word.



    Three <STRIKE>strikes</STRIKE>
    and you're out.



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a9.gif" HEIGHT=100 WIDTH=431>





    See also



    S







    STRONG (strong emphasis)



    The STRONG tag defines text that displays with
    "strong emphasis." Typically the text is displayed in boldface.





    Syntax



    <STRONG>...</STRONG>





    Example



    <STRONG>CAUTION!</STRONG> If you
    aren't careful, you may hurt yourself.



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a10.gif" HEIGHT=83 WIDTH=380>





    See also



    B







    SUB (display as subscript)






    Navigator 2.0




    The SUB tag displays text as a subscript. A subscript
    appears slightly below the baseline (bottom edge) of preceding text and
    in a smaller font.





    Syntax



    <SUB>...</SUB>





    Example



    The following displays a subscript.



    The chemical notation for water is <CODE>H<SUB>2</SUB>0</CODE>.



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a11.gif" HEIGHT=91 WIDTH=378>





    See also



    SUP







    SUP (display as superscript)






    Navigator 2.0




    The SUP tag displays text as a superscript. A
    superscript appears slightly above preceeding text and in a smaller font.





    Syntax



    <SUP>...</SUP>





    Example



    The following example displays the 2 in e=mc2
    as a superscript.



    If Einstein was right, then <CODE>e=mc<SUP>2</SUP></CODE>.



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a12.gif" HEIGHT=93 WIDTH=378>





    See also



    SUB







    TABLE (define a table)






    Navigator 1.1




    The TABLE tag defines a table. Rows are defined
    by the <TR> tag and cells within the rows by the <TD> tag.





    Syntax



    <TABLE

    ALIGN="
    LEFT"|"RIGHT"

    BGCOLOR="
    color"

    BORDER="
    value"

    CELLPADDING="
    value"

    CELLSPACING="
    value"

    HEIGHT="
    height"

    HSPACE="
    pixHoriz"

    WIDTH="
    pixels"|"value%"

    VSPACE="
    pixVert"

    >

    ...

    </TABLE>



    ALIGN specifies the horizontal placement
    of the table:







      • LEFT aligns the table with the text's left margin (the default).


      • RIGHT aligns the table with the text's right margin.




    If you want to center a table, you can use the
    DIV tag with ALIGN="CENTER" around the table.





    BGCOLOR="color" changes the color
    of the background for the table. This color can be overridden by a BGCOLOR
    tag in the TH, TR, or TD tags. The value of color is a hexadecimal red-green-blue
    triplet, or a color name.
    See Appendix B,
    "Color values."
    Navigator 3.0



    BORDER="value" draws a border
    around the table. The value is the number of borders (lines) you want around
    the table. Use a value of 0 to use the space reserved for borders to expand
    the area of your table.



    CELLPADDING="value" determines
    the amount of space between the border of a cell and the contents of the
    cell. The default is 1.



    CELLSPACING="value" determines
    the amount of space between individual cells in a table. The default is
    2.



    HEIGHT="height" specifies the
    height in pixels that the table must fit. The table is scaled to fit the
    specified height and width.



    HSPACE="pixHoriz" specifies the
    horizontal space in pixels within which the table must fit. The table is
    scaled to fit the specified height and width



    VSPACE="pixVert" specifies the
    vertical space in pixels within which the table must fit. The table is
    scaled to fit the specified height and width.



    WIDTH="pixels"|"value%"
    defines the width of the table. The default is the optimal width determined
    by the contents of each cell. The measurement value can be a number of
    pixels or the width as a percentage of the page size.





    Example



    The following example creates a three-column,
    four-row table, with the caption "Tables are as easy as one, two,
    three" aligned at the bottom of the table.





    <TABLE BORDER CELLPADDING="8" CELLSPACING="4">

    <TR><TH> English </TH><TH> Spanish </TH><TH> German </TH></TR>

    <TR><TD> one </TD><TD> uno </TD><TD> ein </TD></TR>

    <TR><TD> two </TD><TD> dos </TD><TD> zwei </TD></TR>

    <TR><TD> three </TD><TD> tres </TD><TD> drei </TD></TR>

    <CAPTION ALIGN="BOTTOM"> <B>Table 1</B>: Tables are as easy as one, two, three

    </CAPTION>

    </TABLE>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a13.gif" HEIGHT=237 WIDTH=377>





    See also



    CAPTION, TD, TH, TR.







    TD (table data)






    Navigator 1.1




    The TD tag specifies text that is table data.
    Place the TD tag within the TABLE tag.





    Syntax



    <TD "

    ALIGN="CENTER"|"LEFT"|"RIGHT"

    BGCOLOR="
    value"

    COLSPAN="
    value"

    NOWRAP="
    value"

    ROWSPAN="
    value"

    VALIGN="BASELINE"|"BOTTOM"|"MIDDLE"|"TOP"


    >

    ...

    </TD>



    ALIGN specifies the horizontal placement
    of the table. The value can be







      • CENTER centers the table within the text's left and right margins.


      • LEFT aligns the table with the text's left margin (the default).


      • RIGHT aligns the table with the text's right margin.






    BGCOLOR="value" changes the color
    of the background of the table cell created by the TD tag. The color value
    is a hexadecimal red-green-blue triplet, or a color name. See Appendix B,
    "Color values."
    Navigator 3.0



    COLSPAN="value" indicates the
    number of columns the cell spans.



    NOWRAP specifies that the lines within
    a cell cannot be broken (i.e. are not word wrapped).



    ROWSPAN="value" indicates the
    number of rows the cell spans.



    VALIGN specifies the vertical placement
    of the text within a cell:







      • BASELINE aligns the text with the cell's baseline.


      • BOTTOM aligns the text with the cell's bottom.


      • MIDDLE centers the text within the cell (the default).


      • TOP aligns the text with the cell's top.






    Used within



    TABLE





    Example



    See the example for TABLE.





    See also



    CAPTION, TABLE, TH, TR.







    TEXTAREA (text field on a form)



    The TEXTAREA tag defines a multiline input field
    on an HTML form. A textarea field lets the user enter words, phrases, or
    numbers.



    The following figure shows a textarea element:
    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a14.gif" HEIGHT=260 WIDTH=466>



    Scrollbars appear if the text in the textarea
    element exceeds the number of columns or rows in the box.



    To begin a new line in a textarea element, use
    a new paragraph. For example, the following textarea element contains two
    lines, a blank line, then one line:





    <FORM>

    <B>Description:</B>

    <BR><TEXTAREA NAME="item_description" ROWS="6" COLS="55">

    This is the first line.

    This is the second line.



    This is the last line.

    </TEXTAREA>

    </FORM>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a15.gif" HEIGHT=199 WIDTH=379>





    Syntax



    <TEXTAREA

    COLS="
    value"                                                                                                               required


    NAME="textareaName"                                                                                                               required


    ONBLUR="blurJScode"

    ONCHANGE="
    changeJScode"

    ONFOCUS="
    focusJScode"

    ONSELECT="
    selectJScode"

    ROWS="
    integer"

    WRAP="OFF"|"HARD"|"SOFT"

    >

    textToDisplay

    </TEXTAREA>



    COLS="value" defines the width
    (number of characters per line) the textarea can accommodate without scrolling.



    NAME="textareaName" specifies
    the name of the textarea element. This value is the name portion
    of the name=value pair sent to the server when the form is submitted.
    The name is not displayed on the form.



    ONBLUR="blurJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when the textarea element loses focus. See the
    JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONCHANGE="changeJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when the textarea element loses focus and its
    value has been modified. See the JavaScript for information on event handlers.



    ONFOCUS="focusJScode specifies JavaScript
    code to execute when a user clicks the textarea element or tabs to it.
    See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    ONSELECT="selectJScode" specifies
    JavaScript code to execute when a user selects some of the text in the
    textarea element. See the JavaScript Guide for information on event handlers.



    ROWS="integer" defines the height
    (number of rows) the textarea can accommodate without scrolling.



    textToDisplay specifies the label to display
    in the textarea.





    WRAP specifies whether lines longer than
    the textarea's column width wrap to the next line. Navigator 2.0.
    The value can be:







      • OFF disables word wrap. Text the user types is displayed exactly as
        typed. If the user explicitly inserts a line break, however, the break
        is included as part of the textarea's value.


      • HARD causes word wrap, and the line breaks are included when the form
        is submitted.


      • SOFT causes word wrap, but the line breaks are not included when the
        form is submitted.






    Used within



    FORM





    Example



    The following example creates a textarea element
    that is 6 rows long and 55 columns wide. The textarea field appears immediately
    below the word "Description:". When the form loads, the textarea
    element contains several lines of data, including one blank line.





    <FORM>

    <B>Description:</B>

    <BR><TEXTAREA NAME="item_description" ROWS="6" COLS="55">

    Our storage ottoman provides an attractive way to

    store lots of CDs and videos--and it's versatile

    enough to store other things as well.



    It can hold up to 72 CDs under the lid and 20 videos

    in the drawer below.

    </TEXTAREA>

    </FORM>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a16.gif" HEIGHT=192 WIDTH=377>





    See also



    FORM







    TH (table heading)






    Navigator 1.1




    The TH tag specifies a table heading.





    Syntax



    <TH

    ALIGN="CENTER"|"LEFT"|"RIGHT"

    BGCOLOR="
    color"

    COLSPAN="
    value"

    NOWRAP

    ROWSPAN="
    value"

    VALIGN="BASELINE"|"BOTTOM"|"MIDDLE"|"TOP"


    >

    ...

    </TH>



    ALIGN specifies the horizontal placement
    of the table:







      • CENTER centers the table within the text's left and right margins.


      • LEFT aligns the table with the text's left margin (the default).


      • RIGHT aligns the table with the text's right margin.






    BGCOLOR="color" changes the color
    of the background of the table heading. This color can be overridden by
    a BGCOLOR tag in the TD tags within the scope of the TH tag. The color
    value is a hexadecimal red-green-blue triplet, or a color name. See
    Appendix B, "Color values."Navigator
    3.0



    COLSPAN="value" indicates the
    number of columns the cell spans.



    NOWRAP specifies that the lines within
    a cell cannot be broken (in other words, are not word wrapped).



    ROWSPAN indicates the number of rows the
    cell spans.



    VALIGN specifies the vertical placement
    of the text within a cell:







      • BASELINE aligns the text with the cell's baseline.


      • BOTTOM aligns the text with the cell's bottom.


      • MIDDLE centers the text within the cell (the default).


      • TOP aligns the text with the cell's top.






    Used within



    TABLE





    Example



    See the example for TABLE.





    See also



    CAPTION, TABLE, TD, TR.







    TITLE (document title)



    The TITLE tag specifies the title of the document.
    Generally this title appears in the title bar of the browser window. In
    addition, the title can be used by automated web search tools to locate
    an applicable document. If a title is not provided, by default the filename
    or URL of the document is displayed in the title bar.





    Syntax



    <TITLE>...</TITLE>





    Used within



    HEAD





    Example





    <HTML>

    <HEAD>

    <TITLE>

    Mozilla teaches HTML in three easy steps.

    </TITLE>

    <BODY>

    </BODY>

    </HTML>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a17.gif" HEIGHT=75 WIDTH=377>






    Navigator 1.1








    TR (table row)



    The TR tag specifies a table row.





    Syntax



    <TR

    ALIGN="CENTER"|"LEFT"|"RIGHT"

    BGCOLOR="
    color"

    VALIGN="BASELINE"|"BOTTOM"|"MIDDLE"|"TOP"


    >

    ...

    </TR>



    ALIGN specifies the horizontal placement
    of the table:







      • CENTER centers the table within the text's left and right margins.


      • LEFT aligns the table with the text's left margin (the default).


      • RIGHT aligns the table with the text's right margin.






    BGCOLOR="color" changes the color
    of the background of the table row created by the TR tag. This color can
    be overridden by a BGCOLOR tag in the TD tags within the scope of the TR
    tag. The value of color is a hexadecimal red-green-blue triplet, or
    a color name.
    See Appendix B, "Color
    values."
    Navigator 3.0



    VALIGN specifies the vertical placement
    of the text within a cell:







      • BASELINE aligns the text with the cell's baseline.


      • BOTTOM aligns the text with the cell's bottom.


      • MIDDLE centers the text within the cell (the default).


      • TOP aligns the text with the cell's top.






    Used within



    TABLE





    Example



    See the example for TABLE.





    See also



    CAPTION, TABLE, TD, TH.







    TT (type writer font)



    The TT tag displays text in the fixed-width (typewriter)
    font, as determined in Options|General Preferences.





    Syntax



    <TT>...</TT>





    Example



    To run the program, type <TT>xyz</TT>
    at the command prompt, and then press <KYBD>ENTER</KYBD>.



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a18.gif" HEIGHT=89 WIDTH=377>





    See also



    CODE, PRE, KEYBD







    U (underline)






    Navigator 3.0




    The U tag underlines the text it delimits, causing
    all text within its scope to have a solid underline drawn along the common
    baseline of the text.





    Syntax



    <U>...</U>





    See also



    S, STRIKE







    UL (unordered list)



    The UL tag defines an unordered list. These items,
    each begun by the <LI> tag, can contain multiple paragraphs. Just
    separate the paragraphs with the P paragraph tag.





    Syntax



    <UL TYPE="CIRCLE"|"DISC"|"SQUARE">





    TYPE defines the type of bullet used for
    each list item, depending on the type of list the item is in: Navigator
    1.1







      • CIRCLE a hollow bullet.


      • DISC a solid round bullet (Netscape Navigator default).


      • SQUARE a square bullet.






    Example



    See the example for DL.





    See also



    DIR, DL, MENU, OL







    WBR (word break)






    Navigator 1.1




    The WBR tag marks a spot where a line break can
    take place. It is advisory, as contrasted with the BR and NOBR tags.



    The WBR tag does not require a closing tag.





    Syntax



    <WBR>





    Example





    <NOBR>

    Line breaks are not ordinarily inserted into the text contained within a

    &lt;NOBR&gt; block, which can produce some awkwardly long lines.

    <WBR>

    If the text contains a &lt;WBR&gt; tag, however, it marks a location
    where the insertion of a line break is permitted.

    </NOBR>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a19.gif" HEIGHT=100 WIDTH=589>





    See also



    BR, NOBR







    XMP (sequence of literal characters)



    The XMP tag defines a sequence of literal characters,
    such as example text. The text is displayed in the fixed-width font, as
    determined in Options|General Preferences. Netscape Navigator ignores all
    HTML tags within the scope of the XMP tag.





    Syntax



    <XMP>...</XMP>





    Example





    <XMP>

    The <XMP> tag is similar to the <PRE> tag except that HTML tags inside
    an <XMP> block are displayed rather than interpreted.

    </XMP>



    _IMG src="/usr/local/apache/htdocs/testlib/public_html/book/WEBMASTER/tags.txt/tags3a20.gif" HEIGHT=78 WIDTH=590>




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