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  CTRL  // group 2 = AltGr; // group 3 = AltGr; // group 4 = AltGr;  Xorg xkbd , , /etc/X11/xorg.conf Option "XkbLayout" "us,ru(phonetic)" Option "XkbOptions" "grp:alt_shift_toggle,grp_led:scroll" /usr/share/X11/xkb/symbols/ru ( /etc/X11/xkb/symbols/pc/ru xkblayout "us(intl)" - symbols/myit, acute grave , alt win - include "level3(lwin_switch)". xorg.conf "XkbOptions" "grp:shifts_toggle,grp:rwin_switch,grp_led:scroll". : / , win, win.  Debian apt-get install console-cyrillic dpkg-reconfigure locales  xterm ru_RU.UTF8 ~/.Xdefaults xterm*font: -misc-fixed-medium-r-normal--20-200-75-75-c-100-koi8-r  truetype  http://corefonts.sourceforge.net/ http://corefonts.sourceforge.net/   setxkbmap -rules xfree86 -model pc105 -layout us,ru -option \ "grp:ctrl_shift_toggle,grp_led:scroll" -variant ",winkeys" : setxkbmap -layout us,ru(phonetic) -option "grp:ctrl_shift_toggle,grp_led:scroll" : /usr/share/X11/xkb/rules/xfree86.lst grp Group Shift/Lock behavior grp:switch R-Alt switches group while pressed. grp:lswitch Left Alt key switches group while pressed. grp:lwin_switch Left Win-key switches group while pressed. grp:rwin_switch Right Win-key switches group while pressed. grp:win_switch Both Win-keys switch group while pressed. grp:rctrl_switch Right Ctrl key switches group while pressed. grp:toggle Right Alt key changes group. grp:lalt_toggle Left Alt key changes group. grp:caps_toggle CapsLock key changes group. grp:shift_caps_toggle Shift+CapsLock changes group. grp:alt_caps_toggle Alt+CapsLock changes group. grp:shifts_toggle Both Shift keys together change group. grp:alts_toggle Both Alt keys together change group. grp:ctrls_toggle Both Ctrl keys together change group. grp:ctrl_shift_toggle Ctrl+Shift changes group. grp:ctrl_alt_toggle Alt+Ctrl changes group. grp:alt_shift_toggle Alt+Shift changes group. grp:menu_toggle Menu key changes group. grp:lwin_toggle Left Win-key changes group. grp:rwin_toggle Right Win-key changes group. grp:lshift_toggle Left Shift key changes group. grp:rshift_toggle Right Shift key changes group. grp:lctrl_toggle Left Ctrl key changes group. grp:rctrl_toggle Right Ctrl key changes group.  MAN LANG=ru_RU.UTF-8 man "" , /etc/man.conf NROFF /usr/bin/nroff -Tascii -c -mandoc NROFF /usr/bin/nroff -Tlatin1 -c -mandoc export MANPAGER="iconv -c -f KOI8-R -t UTF-8 | /usr/bin/less -isr"  RedHat 8++ kde- 1. control center kde 2. xkb ( ) -- 3. "". , 4. HotKey, " ", Ctrl-Alt-K. "", . Ctrl+Shift , . 5. "". Origin: http://www.livejournal.com/community/ru_linux/55918.html http://www.livejournal.com/community/ru_linux/55918.html Also avalable Package: xxkb Description: Keyboard state indicator and switcher for xkb  RedHat 8++, Mandrake 9, Debian 8++... Linux' , ( ) : /etc/X11/XF86Config-4 # . - phonetic Section "InputDevice" Identifier "Keyboard0" Driver "keyboard" Option "CoreKeyboard" Option "XkbRules" "xfree86" Option "XkbModel" "pc104" Option "XkbLayout" "us,ru(phonetic)" # Option "XkbVariant" "base" # Option "XkbVariant" "winkeys" Option "XkbOptions" "grp:alt_shift_toggle,grp_led:scroll" EndSection  X11 Redhat 8.0 9.0 Origin: http://www.inp.nsk.su/~baldin/Cyrillic-HOWTO-russian-beta/Cyrillic-HOWTO-russian.html http://www.inp.nsk.su/~baldin/Cyrillic-HOWTO-russian-beta/Cyrillic-HOWTO-russian.html X- ................... /etc/X11/XF86Config : Option "XkbRules" "xfree86" ............................. Option "XkbModel" "pc105" ..........................if [ LRH 8.0 ] Option "XkbLayout" "ru" ..........................else if [ LRH 9.0 ] Option "XkbLayout" "su,ru" KOI8-R (/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/xkb/symbols.dir) Option "XkbVariant" "phonetic" ALT - / Option "XkbOptions" "grp:toggle" .......................... /etc/sysconfig/i18n .......... LANG="ru_RU.UTF-8" /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/xkb/compat/iso9995 indicator "Scroll Lock" { Sroll-Lock . - /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/xkb - LRH 8.0 skra  * Redhat 7.3  ( ) ru_RU.KOI8-R ru_RU.koi8r. ls, koi8.

: /etc/profile ~/.profile ~/.bashrc export LANG=ru_RU.KOI8-R export LC_CTYPE=ru_RU.KOI8-R export LANG=ru_RU.koi8r export LC_CTYPE=ru_RU.koi8r KDE- (X-) KDE ! KDE __ export LANG=ru_RU.KOI8-R.KOI8-R export LC_CTYPE=ru_RU.KOI8-R  Emacs ( , ..) LC_CTYPE= Rk , LC_CTYPE=ru_RU.koi8r Rk , LC_CTYPE=ru_RU.KOI8-R Rk , LC_CTYPE=ru_RU.KOI8-R.KOI8-R Rk , : Rk emacs'a unset LANG unset LC_CTYPE  RedHat 7.3 /etc/X11/XF86Config-4 Section "InputDevice" Identifier "Keyboard0" Driver "keyboard" Option "CoreKeyboard" Option "XkbRules" "xfree86" Option "XkbModel" "pc101" Option "XkbLayout" "ru" # Option "XkbVariant" "phonetic" # qwerty/ # Option "XkbVariant" "base" # qwerty/ # Option "XkbVariant" "winkeys" Option "XkbOptions" "grp:alt_shift_toggle" EndSection  * Linux properitary Unix - HP, Solaris...  X11 1. cyrfonts. *.bdf *.pcf mkdir cyrfonts cp *.bdf *.pcf cyrfonts : PCF BDF , , X FONT- , FONT- .BDF , . bdf- bdftopcf. 2. X-server' : fonts.dir cd cyrfonts mkfontdir 3. X-server', xset +fp $HOME/cyfonts xset fp rehash 4. . xterm -fn koi9x15 mailtool -fn koi6x10 ..   5. X-Windows FONTPATH FONTPATH=$HOME/cyrfonts: export FONTPATH # /bin/sh bash ksh setenv FONTPATH $HOME/cyrfonts: # C-Shell /bin/csh tcsh 6. . cp *.bdf /usr/lib/X11/fonts/misc cd /usr/lib/X11/fonts/misc mkfontdir xset fp rehash 7. XFree86, /etc/X11/XF86Config FontPath "/home/yourname/cyrfonts/" 8. .Xdefaults . .Xdefaults : font.name: koi9x15 icon.font.name: koi6x10 XTerm*font: koi6x10 XTerm*VT100*font1: koi6x10 XTerm*VT100*font2: koi8x13 XTerm*VT100*font3: misc16 XTerm*VT100*font4: misc24 XTerm*VT100*font5: demos8x14 XTerm*VT100*font6: demos8x16 emacs.font: koi9x15 emacs.default_font: koi9x15  SunOs 4.1.1 , , NeWS . NeWS . 1. NeWS convertfont *.bdf 2. NeWS server' bldfamily 3. , X11 xset +fp `pwd` # , . xset fp rehash # . Synonims.list alia. .  . X-Windows . xfed, fontedit, xfd. , . xfed font.bdf convertfont -v font font.vfp fontedit font.vfp convertfont -b ?? font.vfp font.ff  X-Windows . ( , ). xmodmap --.xmm / - CapsLock , xmodmap default.xmm  XFree86 3--  XF86Config: Section Keyboard LeftAlt Meta AltGr ModeShift Right_Ctl ModeLock ScrollLock ScrollLock EndSection Ctrl, CapsLock .  XFree86 3.2.2 Xfree_3.3.2 , /etc/X11/XFconfig Section "Keyboard" # XkbDisable Protocol "Standard" XkbRules "xfree86" XkbModel "pc101" XkbLayout "us" XkbOptions "grp:shift_toggle" EndSection : grp Group Shift/Lock behavior grp:switch Right Alt switches group while pressed grp:toggle Right Alt changes group grp:shift_toggle Both Shift keys together change group grp:ctrl_shift_toggle Control+Shift changes group grp:ctrl_alt_toggle Alt+Control changes group  OpenWindows SUN SUN ( ), .keytable openwin. / - AltGraph  DT/CDE HP-UX keymap_ed -i 1101  bash  $HOME/.inputrc set meta-flag on set convert-meta off set output-meta on .profile LC_CTYPE=iso_8859_1 export LC_CTYPE LC_LOCALE=iso_8859_1 export LC_LOCALE LESS="-e -r" export LESS #   . ../CYRILLIC/  - . 1. Solaris 2.3, : "" ( X11) Sun' . : textedit, cmdtool, mailtool 2. Solaris 2.5 2.4. , emacs, xterm, xedit. 3. ctype, LC_LOCALE, LC_CTYPE, -lc_basic_locale , NLS, and so on. : LC_LOCALE=iso_8859_1 export LC_LOCALE LC_CTYPE=iso_8859_1 export LC_CTYPE LANG=iso_8859_1 export LANG  Netscape Netscape 3 encoding koi8-r. koi8-r ( as iso8859-1), , as Family (Mswin)-*-iso8859-1 8- .  charset=koi8-r .Xdefaults : Netscape*defaultCharset: koi8-r Netscape*localeCharset*C: koi8-r Netscape*localeCharset*koi8-r: koi8-r Netscape*localeCharset*koi8-u: koi8-r Netscape*localeCharset*ru: koi8-r Netscape*localeCharset*ru_SU: koi8-r Netscape*localeCharset*ru_SU.KOI8-R: koi8-r  , : Linux - ALT.  Applixware Applixware - (140Mb) Unix (/AIX/Linux/SCO/...), , - , , image-editor, -, html-, .. , Winword-6 WABI 2.2b Applixware http://triton.itep.ru/ru/skynet/system.html http://triton.itep.ru/ru/skynet/system.html > TTF- Applix-e - , > , > ( TTF). PostScript. From: - . : Applix' - ttf' :) . ( rtf - ). - ttf' - , .. 400 ( ). UTF8 - netscape 4.72 Edit -> preferences -> fonts "1) Use my default fonts,overriding document specified fonts" For encoding: Unicode-2-0 Variable fonts: helvetica >= 18 Allow scaling NO Fixed fonts: fixed >= 18 Allow scaling NO Ok View -> Encoding: Latin1  linux RedHat 7+ RedHat - , . /etc/sysconfig/i18n # LANG # LANG="ru_RU.koi8r" LC_ALL="ru_RU.koi8r" LINGUAS="ru_RU.koi8r" #SYSFONT="koi8-8x16" SYSFONT="cyr-sun16" SYSFONTACM="koi8-r" /etc/sysconfig/keyboard # KEYTABLE="ru" # KEYTABLE="ru_win" .profile # "ru" / LANG shell' alias ru='if [ -z "$LANG" ] ; then export LANG=ru_RU.koi8r LC_CTYPE=ru_RU.koi8r ; else unset LANG LC_CTYPE ; fi ; echo "LANG=$LANG\nLC_CTYPE=$LC_CTYPE\n" ;'  X-windows  Slackware 9, 10 Origin: http://mls.by.ru/ http://mls.by.ru/ 3 . cabextract-0.6-i386-1dl.tgz http://www.tvmurman.com/ftp/tmp/cabextract-0.6-i386-1dl.tgz freetype2-2.1.4rc2-i386-4dl.tgz webfonts-1.0-i386-3dl.tgz 4- . - . : webfonts.tar.gz /usr/share/webfonts, ./sh doinst.sh. 9 Slackware.(., .) : 1. /etc/rc.d/rc.font setfont Cyr_a8x16 mapscrn koi2alt for n in 1 2 3 4 5 6; do echo -ne "\033(K" > /dev/tty$n done 2. /etc/rc.d/rc.keymap loadkeys ru-ms.map 3. /etc/profile.d/lang.sh export LC_ALL= export LANG=ru_RU.KOI8-R export LC_NUMERIC=C export LC_TIME=ru_RU.KOI8-R export LC_COLLATE=ru_RU.KOI8-R export LC_MONETARY=ru_RU.KOI8-R export LC_MESSAGES=ru_RU.KOI8-R export LC_PAPER=ru_RU.KOI8-R export LC_NAME=ru_RU.KOI8-R export LC_ADDRESS=ru_RU.KOI8-R export LC_TELEPHONE=ru_RU.KOI8-R export LC_MEASUREMENT=ru_RU.KOI8-R export LC_IDENTIFICATION=ru_RU.KOI8-R LC_ALL=ru_RU.KOi8-R, , LICQ. 4. /usr/share/locale locale.alias russian : russian ru ru ru_RU ru_RU ru_RU.KOI8-R . 5. /etc/X11 XF86Config : Section "InputDevice" Identifier "Keyboard0" Driver "keyboard" Option "AutoRepeat" "500 30" Option "XkbRules" "xfree86" Option "XkbModel" "pc105" Option "XkbLayout" "us,ru(winkeys)" Option "XkbOptions" "grp:ctrl_shift_toggle,grp_led:scroll" EndSection us,ru - 6. truetype , , fonts.cache-1 /usr/X11R6/bin/fc-cache  LaTeX \usepackage[koi8-r]{inputenc} \usepackage[russian]{babel}  , copy-paste Emacs 1. : export LANG="C" export LC_CTYPE="ru_RU.KOI8-R" export LC_COLLATE="ru_RU.KOI8-R" export LC_TIME="C" ( cut-n-paste, export LANG="C" , -). 2. .emacs (set-language-environment 'cyrillic-KOI8) (set-selection-coding-system 'x-ctext-with-extensions) Origin: http://www.livejournal.com/users/tiphareth/545870.html  Gnome 2.14 /etc/environment: G_FILENAME_ENCODING="@locale" G_BROKEN_FILENAMES=1




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