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Том Стоппард. Розенкранц и Гиндельстейн мертвы (engl)
Tom Stoppard. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead
Two ELIZABETHANS passing time in a place without any visible character.
They are well-dressed - hats, cloaks, sticks and all.
Each of them has a large leather money bag.
Guildenstern's bag is nearly empty.
Rosencrantz's bag is nearly full.
The reason being: they are betting on the toss of a coin, in the
following manner: Guildenstern (hereafter 'GUIL') takes a coin out of his
bag, spins it, letting it fall. Rosencrantz (hereafter 'ROS') studies it,
announces it as "heads" (as it happens) and puts it into his own bag. Then
they repeat the process. They have apparently been doing it for some time.
The run of "heads" is impossible, yet ROS betrays no surprise at all -
he feels none. However he is nice enough to feel a little embarrassed at
taking so much money off his friend. Let that be his character note.
GUIL is well alive to the oddity of it. He is not worried about the
money, but he is worried by the implications ; aware but not going to panic
about it - his character note.
GUIL sits. ROS stands (he does the moving, retrieving coins).
GUIL spins. ROS studies coin.
(He picks it up and puts it in his money bag. The process is repeated.)
GUIL (flipping a coin): There is an art to the building up of suspense.
GUIL (flipping another): Though it can be done by luck alone.
GUIL: If that's the word I'm after.
ROS (raises his head at GUIL): Seventy-six love.
(GUIL gets up but has nowhere to go. He spins another coin over his
shoulder without looking at it, his attention being directed at his
environment or lack of it.)
GUIL: A weaker man might be moved to re-examine his faith, if in
nothing else at least in the law of probability.
(He slips a coin over his shoulder as he goes to look upstage.)
(GUIL, examining the confines of the stage, flips over two more coins,
as he does so, one by one of course. ROS announces each of them as "heads".)
GUIL (musing): The law of probability, as it has been oddly asserted,
is something to do with the proposition that if six monkeys (he has
surprised himself)... if six monkeys were...
GUIL: Were they?
ROS: Are you?
GUIL (understanding): Games. (Flips a coin.) The law of averages, if I
have got this right, means that if six monkeys were thrown up in the air for
long enough they would land on their tails about as often as they would land
on their -
ROS: Heads. (He picks up the coin.)
GUIL: Which at first glance does not strike one as a particularly
rewarding speculation, in either sense, even without the monkeys. I mean you
wouldn't bet on it. I mean I would, but you wouldn't... (As he flips a
GUIL: Would you? (Flips a coin.)
Heads. (He looks up at GUIL - embarrassed laugh.) Getting a bit of a
bore, isn't it?
GUIL (coldly): A bore?
GUIL: What about suspense?
ROS (innocently): What suspense?
GUIL: It must be the law of diminishing returns... I feel the spell
about to be broken. (Energising himself somewhat.)
(He takes out a coin, spins it high, catches it, turns it over on to
the back of his other hand, studies the coin - and tosses it to ROS. His
energy deflates and he sits.)
Well, it was a even chance... if my calculations are correct.
ROS: Eighty-five in a row - beaten the record!
GUIL: Don't be absurd.
GUIL (angry): Is the it, then? Is that all?
GUIL: A new record? Is that as far as you prepared to go?
GUIL: No questions? Not even a pause?
ROS: You spun it yourself.
GUIL: Not a flicker of doubt?
ROS (aggrieved, aggressive): Well, I won - didn't I?
GUIL (approaches him - quieter): And if you'd lost? If they'd come down
against you, eighty -five times, one after another, just like that?
ROS (dumbly): Eighty-five in a row? Tails?
GUIL: Yes! What would you think?
ROS (doubtfully): Well... (Jocularly.) Well, I'd have a good look at
your coins for a start!
GUIL (retiring): I'm relieved. At least we can still count on
self-interest as a predictable factor... I suppose it's the last to go. Your
capacity for trust made me wonder if perhaps... you, alone...
(He turns on him suddenly, reaches out a hand.) Touch.
(ROS claps his hand. GUIL pulls him up to him.)
(More intensely): We have been spinning coins together since - (He
releases him almost as violently.) This is not the first time we spun coins!
ROS: Oh no - we've been spinning coins for as long as I remember.
GUIL: How long is that?
ROS: I forget. Mind you - eighty-five times!
ROS: It'll take some time beating, I imagine.
GUIL: Is that what you imagine? Is that it? No fear?
GUIL (in fury - flings a coin on the ground): Fear! The crack that
might flood your brain with light!
ROS: Heads... (He puts it in his bag.)
(GUIL sits despondently. He takes a coin, spins it, lets it fall
between his feet. He looks at it, picks it up; throws it to ROS, who puts it
in his bag.)
(GUIL takes another coin, spins it, catches it, turns it over on to his
other hand, looks at it, and throws it to ROS who puts it in his bag.)
(GUIL tales a third coin, spins it, catches it in his right hand, turns
it over on to his loft wrist, lobs it in the air, catches it with his left
hand, raises his left leg, throws the coin up under it, catches it and turns
it over on to the top of his head, where it sits. ROS comes, looks at it,
puts it in his bag.)
ROS: I'm afraid -
GUIL: So am I.
ROS: I'm afraid it isn't your day.
GUIL: I'm afraid it is.
GUIL: It must be indicative of something, besides the redistribution of
wealth. (He muses.) List of possible explanations. One: I'm willing it.
Inside where nothing shows, I'm the essence of a man spinning double-headed
coins, and betting against himself in private atonement for an unremembered
past. (He spins a coin at ROS.)
GUIL: Two: time has stopped dead, and a single experience of one coin
being spun once has been repeated ninety times... (He flips a coin, looks at
it, tosses it to ROS.) On the whole, doubtful. Three: divine intervention,
that is to say, a good turn from above concerning him, cf. children of
Israel, or retribution from above concerning me, cf. Lot's wife. Four: a
spectacular vindication of the principle that each individual coin spun
individually (he spins one) is as likely to come down heads as tails and
therefore should cause no surprise that each individual time it does. (It
does. He tosses it to ROS.)
ROS: I've never known anything like it!
GUIL: And syllogism: One, he has never known anything like it. Two: he
has never known anything to write home about. Three, it's nothing to write
home about... Home... What's the first thing you remember?
ROS: Oh, let's see...The first thing that comes into my head, you mean?
GUIL: No - the first thing you remember.
ROS: Ah. (Pause.) No, it's no good, it's gone. It was a long time ago.
GUIL (patient but edged): You don't get my meaning. What is the first
thing after all the things you've forgotten?
ROS: Oh. I see. (Pause.) I've forgotten the question.
GUIL: How long have you suffered from a bad memory?
ROS: I can't remember.
GUIL: Are you happy?
GUIL: Content? At ease?
ROS: I suppose so.
GUIL: What are you going to do now?
ROS: I don't know. What do you want to do?
GUIL: I have no desires. None. (He stops pacing dead.) There was a
messenger... that's right. We were sent for. (He wheels at ROS and raps
out.) Syllogism the second: one: probability is a factor which operates
within natural forces. Two, probability is not operating as a factor. Three,
we are now within un-, sub- or supernatural forces. Discuss. (ROS is
suitably startled - Acidly.) Not too heatedly.
ROS: I'm sorry, I - What's the matter with you?
GUIL: A scientific approach to the examination of phenomena is a
defence against the pure emotion of fear. Keep tight hold and continue while
there's time. Now - counter to the previous syllogism: tricky one, follow me
carefully, it may prove a comfort. If we postulate, and we just have, that
within un-, sub- or supernatural forces the probability is that the law of
probability will not operate as a factor, then we must accept that the
probability of the first part will not operate as a factor, in which case
the law of probability will operate as a factor within un-, sub- or
supernatural forces. And since it obviously hasn't been doing so, we can
take it that we are not held within un-, sub- or supernatural forces after
all; in all probability, that is. Which is a great relief to me personally.
(Small pause.) Which is all very well, except that - (He continues with
tight hysteria, under control.) We have been spinning coins together since I
don't know when, and in all that time (if it is all that time) I don't
suppose either of us was more than a couple of gold pieces up or down. I
hope that doesn't sound surprising because it's very unsurprisingness is
something I am trying to keep hold of. The equanimity of your average
pitcher and tosser of coins depends upon a law, or rather a tendency, or let
us say a probability, or at any rate a mathematically calculable chance,
which ensures that he will not upset himself by losing too much nor upset
his opponent by winning too often. This made for a kind of harmony and a
kind of confidence. It related the fortuitous and ordained into a reassuring
union which we recognised as nature. The sun came up about as often as it
went down, in the long run, and a coin showed heads about as often as it
showed tails. Then a messenger arrived. We had been sent for. Nothing else
happened. Ninety-two coins sun consecutively have come down heads ninety-two
consecutive times... and for the last three minutes on the wind of a
windless day I have heard the sound of drums and flute...
ROS (cutting his fingernails): Another curious scientific phenomenon is
the fact that the fingernails grow after death, as does the beard.
ROS (loud): Beard!
GUIL: But you're not dead.
ROS (irritated): I didn't say they started to grow after death! (Pause,
calmer.) The fingernails also grow before birth, though not the beard.
ROS (shouts): Beard! What's the matter with you? (Reflectively.) The
toenails, on the other hand, never grow at all.
GUIL (bemused): The toenails never grow at all?
ROS: Do they? It's a funny thing - I cut my fingernails all the time,
and every time I think to cut them, they need cutting. Now, for instance.
And yet, I never, to the best of my knowledge, cut my toenails. They ought
to be curled under my feet by now, but it doesn't happen. I never think
about them. Perhaps I cut them absent-mindedly, when I'm thinking of
GUIL (tensed up by this rambling): Do you remember the first thing that
ROS (promptly): I woke up, I suppose. (Triggered.) Oh - I've got it now
- that man, a foreigner, he woke us up -
GUIL: A messenger. (He relaxes, sits.)
ROS: That's it - pale sky before dawn, a man standing on his saddle to
bang on the shutters - shouts - What's all the row about?! Clear off! - but
then he called our names. You remember that - this man woke us up.
ROS: We were sent for.
ROS: That's why we're here. (He looks round, seems doubtful, then the
ROS (dramatically): It was urgent - a matter of extreme urgency, a
royal summons, his very words: official business and no questions asked -
lights in the stable-yard; saddle up and off headlong and hotfoot across the
land, our guides outstripped in breakneck pursuit of our duty! Fearful lest
we come too late.
GUIL: Too late for what?
ROS: How do I know? We haven't got there yet.
GUIL: Then what are we doing here, I ask myself.
ROS: You might well ask.
GUIL: We better get on.
ROS: You might well think.
GUIL: Without much conviction; we better get on.
ROS (actively): Right! (Pause.) On where?
ROS (forward to footlights): Ah. (Hesitates.) Which way do we - (He
turns round.) Which way did we - ?
GUIL: Practically starting from scratch... An awakening, a man standing
on his saddle to bang on the shutters, our names shouted in a certain dawn,
a message, a summons... A new record for pitch and toss. We have not been..
picked out... simply to be abandoned... set loose to find our own way... We
are entitled to some direction... I would have thought.
ROS (alert, listening): I say - ! I say -
(GUIL rises himself.)
ROS: Like a band. (He looks around, laughs embarrassedly, expiating
himself.) It sounded like - a band. Drums.
ROS (relaxes): It couldn't have been real.
GUIL: "The colours red, blue and green are real. The colour yellow is a
mystical experience shared by everybody" - demolish.
ROS (at edge of stage): It must have been thunder. Like drums...
(By the end of the next speech, the band is faintly audible.)
GUIL: A man breaking his journey between one place and another at a
third place of no name, character, population or significance, sees a
unicorn cross his path and disappear. That in itself is startling, but there
are precedents for mystical encounters of various kinds, or to be less
extreme, a choice of persuasions to put it down to fancy; until - "My God,"
says the second man, "I must be dreaming, I thought I saw a unicorn." At
which point, a dimension is added that makes the experience as alarming as
it will ever be. A third witness, you understand, adds no further dimension
but only spreads it thinner, and a fourth thinner still, and the more
witnesses there are, the thinner it gets and the more reasonable it becomes
until it is as thin as reality, the name we give to the common experience...
"Look, look" recites the crowd. "A horse with an arrow in its forehead! It
must have been mistaken for a deer."
ROS (eagerly): I knew all along it was a band.
GUIL (tiredly): He knew all along it was a band.
ROS: Here they come!
GUIL (at the last moment before they enter - wistfully): I'm sorry it
wasn't the unicorn. It would have been nice to have unicorns.
(The TRAGEDIANS are six in number, including a small BOY(ALFRED). Two
pull a cart piled up with props and belongings. There is also a DRUMMER, a
HORN-PLAYER and a FLAUTIST. The SPOKESMAN ("the PLAYER") has no instrument.
He brings up the rear and is the first to notice them.)
(The GROUP turns and halts.)
(Joyously.) An audience!
(ROS and GUIL half rise.)
(They sink back. He regards them fondly.)
Perfect! A lucky thing we came along.
ROS: For us?
PLAYER: Let us hope so. But to meet two gentlemen on the road - we
would not hope to meet them off it.
PLAYER: Well met, in fact, and just in time.
ROS: Why's that?
PLAYER: Why, we grow rusty and you catch us at the very point of
decadence - by this time tomorrow we might have forgotten everything we ever
knew. That's a thought, isn't it? (He laughs generously.) We'd be back where
we started - improvising.
ROS: Tumblers, are you?
PLAYER: We can give you a tumble if that's your taste and times being
what they are... Otherwise, for a jingle of coin we can do you a selection
of gory romances, full of fine cadence and corpses, pirated from Italian;
and it doesn't take much to make a jingle - even a single coin has music in
(They ALL flourish and bow, raggedly.)
Tragedians, at your command.
(ROS and GUIL have got to their feet.)
ROS: My name is Guildenstern, and this is Rosencrantz.
(GUIL confers briefly with him.)
(Without embarrassment.) I'm sorry - his name's Guildenstern, and I'm
PLAYER: A pleasure. We've played to bigger, of course, but quality
counts for something. I recognised you at once -
ROS: And who are we?
PLAYER: - as fellow artists.
ROS: I thought we were gentlemen.
PLAYER: For some of us it is performance, for others, patronage. They
are two sides of the same coin, or, let us say, being as there are so many
of us, the same side of two coins. (Bows again.) Don't clap too loudly -
it's a very old world.
ROS: What is your line?
PLAYER: Tragedy, sir. Deaths and disclosures, universal and particular,
denouements both unexpected and inexorable, transvestite melodrama on all
levels including the suggestive. We transport you into the world of intrigue
and illusion... clowns, if you like, murderers - we can do you ghosts and
battles, on the skirmish levels, heroes, villains, tormented lovers - set
pieces in the poetic vein; we can do you rapiers or rape or both, by all
means, faithless wives and ravished virgins - flagrante delicto at a price,
but that comes under realism for which there are special terms. Getting
warm, am I?
ROS (doubtfully): Well, I don't know...
PLAYER: It costs little to watch, and little more if you happen to get
caught up in the action, if that's you taste and times being what they are.
ROS: What are they?
PLAYER: Wicked. Now what precisely is your pleasure? (He turns to the
TRAGEDIANS.) Gentlemen, disport yourselves.
(The TRAGEDIANS shuffle into some kind of a line.)
There! See anything you like?
ROS (doubtful, innocent): What do they do?
PLAYER: Let your imagination run riot. They are beyond surprise.
ROS: And how much?
PLAYER: To take part?
ROS: To watch.
PLAYER: Watch what?
ROS: A private performance.
PLAYER: How private?
ROS: Well, there are only two of us. Is that enough?
PLAYER: For an audience, disappointing. For voyeurs, about average.
ROS: What's the difference?
PLAYER: Ten guilders.
ROS (horrified): Ten guilders!
PLAYER: I mean eight.
PLAYER: Each. I don't think you understand -
ROS: What are you saying?
PLAYER: What am I saying - seven.
ROS: Where have you been?
PLAYER: Roundabout. A nest of children carries the custom of the town.
Juvenile companies, they are the fashion. But they cannot match our
repertoire... we'll stoop to anything if that's your bent... (He regards ROS
meaningfully but ROS returns the stare blankly.)
ROS: They'll row up.
PLAYER (giving up): There's one being born every minute. (To
(The TRAGEDIANS start to resume their burdens and their journey. GUIL
stirs himself at last.)
GUIL: Where are you going?
(They halt and turn.)
GUIL: Where from?
PLAYER: Home. We're travelling people. We take our chances where we
GUIL: It was the chance, then?
GUIL: You found us.
PLAYER: Oh yes.
GUIL: You were looking?
PLAYER: Oh no.
GUIL: Chance, then.
PLAYER: Or fate.
GUIL: Yours or ours?
PLAYER: It could hardly be one without the other.
GUIL: Fate, then.
PLAYER: Oh, yes. We have no control. Tonight we play to the court. Or
the night after. Or to the tavern. Or not.
GUIL: Perhaps I can use my influence.
PLAYER: At the tavern?
GUIL: At the court. I would say I have some influence.
PLAYER: Would you say so?
GUIL: I have influence yet.
PLAYER: Yet what?
(GUIL seizes the PLAYER violently.)
GUIL: I have influence!
(The PLAYER does not resist. GUIL loosens his hold.)
(More calmly.) You said something - about getting caught up in the
PLAYER (gaily freeing himself): I did! - I did! - You're quicker than
your friend... (Confidingly.) Now for a handful of guilders I happen to have
a private and uncut performance of the Rape of the Sabine Women - or rather
woman, or rather Alfred - (Over his shoulder.) Get your skirt on, Alfred -
(The BOY starts struggling into a female robe.)
... and for eight you can participate.
(GUIL backs, PLAYER follows.)
... taking either part.
... or both for ten.
(GUIL tries to turn away, PLAYER holds his sleeve.)
... with encores -
(GUIL smashes the PLAYER across the face. The PLAYER recoils. GUIL
(Resigned and quiet.) Get your skirt off, Alfred...
(ALFRED struggles out of his half-on robe.)
GUIL (shaking with rage and fright): It could have been - it didn't
have to be obscene... It could have been - a bird out of season, dropping
bright-feathered on my shoulder... It could have been a tongueless dwarf
standing by the road to point the way... I was prepared. But it's this,
isn't it? No enigma, no dignity, nothing classical, portentous, only this -
a comic pornographer and a rabble of prostitutes...
PLAYER (acknowledging the description with a sweep of his hat, bowing:
sadly): You should have caught us in better times. We were purists then.
(Straightens up.) On-ward.
(The PLAYERS make to leave.)
ROS (his voice has changed: he has caught on): Excuse me!
(ALFRED resumes the struggle. The PLAYER comes forward.)
ROS: You're not - ah - exclusively players, then?
PLAYER: We're inclusively players, sir.
ROS: So you give - exhibitions?
PLAYER: Performances, sir.
ROS: Yes, of course. There's more money in that, is there?
PLAYER: There's more trade, sir.
ROS: Times being what they are.
ROS: You know I'd no idea -
PLAYER: No -
ROS: I mean, I've heard of - but I've never actually -
ROS: I mean, what exactly do you do?
PLAYER: We keep to our usual stuff, more or less, only inside out. We
do on stage the things that are supposed to happen off. Which is a kind of
integrity, if you look on every exit being an entrance somewhere else.
ROS (nervy, loud): Well, I'm not really the type of man who - no, but
don't hurry off - sit down and tell us about some of the things people ask
you to do -
(The PLAYER turns away.)
ROS: Just a minute!
(They turn and look at him without expression.)
Well, all right - I wouldn't mind seeing - just an idea of the kind of
- (bravely). What will you do for that? (And tosses a single coin on the
ground between them.)
(The PLAYER spits at the coin from where he stands.)
PLAYER (to ROS, coldly): Leave it lying there. Perhaps when we come
back this way we'll be that muck cheaper.
(The TRAGEDIANS demur, trying to get the coin. He kicks and cuffs them
(ALFRED is still half in and half out of his robe. The PLAYER cuffs
(To ALFRED) What are you playing at?
(ROS is shamed into fury.)
ROS: Filth! Disgusting - oh, I know the kind of filth you trade in -
I'll report you to the authorities - perverts! I know your game all right,
it's all filth!
(The PLAYERS are about to leave. GUIL remained detached.)
GUIL (casually): Do you like a bet?
(The TRAGEDIANS look interested. The PLAYER comes forward.)
PLAYER: What kind of bet do you have in mind?
(GUIL walks half the distance towards the PLAYER, stops with his foot
over the coin.)
GUIL: Double or quits.
PLAYER: Well... heads.
(GUIL raises his foot. The PLAYER bends. The TRAGEDIANS crowd round.
Relief and congratulations. The PLAYER picks up the coin. GUIL throws him a
(Some of the TRAGEDIANS are for it, others against. The PLAYER nods and
tosses the coin.)
(It is. H picks it up.)
(GUIL spins the coin.)
(It is. PLAYER picks up coin. He has two coins again. He spins one.)
(It is. GUIL picks it up. Then tosses immediately.)
PLAYER (fractional hesitation): Tails.
(But it's heads. GUIL picks it up. PLAYER tosses down his last coin by
the way of paying it up, and turns away. GUIL doesn't pick it up; he puts
his foot on it.)
(Pause. The TRAGEDIANS are against this.)
(Apologetically.) They don't like the odds.
GUIL: After six in a row? I'd say they were in your favor.
GUIL (lifts his foot; squats; picks up the coin still squatting; looks
up): You were right - heads. (Spins it, slaps his hand on it, on the floor.)
Heads I win.
GUIL (uncovers coin): Right again. (Repeat.) Heads I win.
GUIL (uncovers coin): And right again. (Repeat.) Heads I win.
(He turns away, the TRAGEDIANS with him. GUIL stands up, comes close.)
GUIL: Would you believe it? (Stands back, relaxes, smiles.) Bet me the
year of my birth doubled is an odd number.
PLAYER: Your birth - !
GUIL: If you don't trust me don't bet with me.
PLAYER: Would you trust me?
GUIL: Bet me then.
PLAYER: My birth?
GUIL: Odd numbers you win.
PLAYER: You're on -
(The TRAGEDIANS have come forward, wide awake.)
GUIL: Good. Year of your birth. Double it. Even numbers I win, odd
numbers I lose.
(Silence. An awful sigh as the TRAGEDIANS realise that any number
doubled is even. Then a terrible row as they object. Then a terrible
PLAYER: We have no money.
(GUIL turns to him.)
GUIL: Ah. Then what have you got?
(The PLAYER silently brings ALFRED forward. GUIL regards ALFRED sadly.)
Was it for this?
PLAYER: It's the best we've got.
GUIL (looking up and around): Then the times are bad indeed.
(The PLAYER starts to speak, protestation, but GUIL turns on him
The very air stinks.
(The PLAYER moves back. GUIL moves down to the footlight and turns.)
Come here, Alfred.
(ALFRED moves down and stands, frightened and small.)
(Gently): Do you lose often?
Alfred: Yes, sir.
GUIL: Then what could you have to lose?
Alfred: Nothing, sir.
(Pause. GUIL regards him.)
GUIL: Do you like being... an actor?
Alfred: No, sir.
(GUIL looks around him, at the audience.)
GUIL: You and I, Alfred - we could create a dramatic precedent here.
(And ALFRED, who has been near tears, starts to sniffle.)
Come, come, Alfred, this is no way to fill the theatres of Europe.
(The PLAYER has moved down, to remonstrate with ALFRED. GUIL cuts him
(Viciously) Do you know any good plays?
ROS (coming forward, flattering shyly): Exhibitions...
GUIL: I thought you were actors.
PLAYER (dawning): Oh. Oh, well, we are. We are. But there been much
GUIL: You lost. Well, then - one of the Greeks, perhaps? You're
familiar with the tragedies of antiquity, are you? The great homicidal
classics? Matri, patri, fratri, sorrori, uxori and it goes without saying -
ROS: Saucy -
GUIL: - Suicidal - hm? Maidens aspiring to godheads -
ROS: And vice versa -
GUIL: Your kind of thing, is it?
PLAYER: Well, no, I can't say it is, really. We're more of the blood,
love and rhetoric school.
GUIL: Well, I'll leave the choice to you, if there is anything to
choose between them.
PLAYER: They're hardly divisible, sir - well, I can do you blood and
love without rhetoric, and I can do you blood and rhetoric without love, and
I can do you all three concurrent or consecutive, but I can't do you love
and rhetoric without blood. Blood is compulsory - they're all blood, you
GUIL: Is this what people want?
PLAYER: It's what we do. (Small pause. He turns away.)
(GUIL touches Alfred on the shoulder.)
GUIL (wry, gentle): Thank you, we'll let you know.
(The PLAYER has moved upstage. Alfred follows.)
PLAYER (to TRAGEDIANS): Thirty-eight!
ROS (moving across, fascinated and hopeful): Position?
ROS: One of your - tableaux?
PLAYER: No, sir.
PLAYER (to TRAGEDIANS, now departing with their cart, already taking
various props off it.) Entrances there and there (indicating upstage).
(The PLAYER has not moved his position for his last four lines. He does
not move now. GUIL waits.)
GUIL: Well... aren't you going to change into costume?
PLAYER: I never change out, sir.
GUIL: Always in character.
PLAYER: That's it.
GUIL: Aren't you going to - come on?
PLAYER: I am on.
GUIL: But if you are on, you can't come on. Can you?
PLAYER: I start on.
GUIL: But it hasn't started. Go on. We'll look out for you.
PLAYER: I'll give you a wave.
(He doesn't move. His immobility is now pointed and getting awkward.
Pause. ROS walks up to him till they are face to face.)
ROS: Excuse me.
(Pause. The PLAYER lifts his downstage foot. It was covering GUIL's
coin. ROS puts his foot on the coin. Smiles.)
(The PLAYER turns and goes. ROS has bent for the coin.)
GUIL (moving out): Come on.
ROS: I say - that was lucky.
GUIL (turning): What?
ROS: It was tails.
(He tosses the coin to GUIL who catches it. Simultaneously - a lighting
change sufficient to alter the exterior mood into interior, but nothing
And OPELIA runs on in some alarm, holding up her skirts - followed by
Note: The resemblance between HAMLET and The PLAYER is superficial but
(OPHELIA has been sewing and she holds the garment. They are both mute.
HAMLET, with his doublet all unbraced, no hat upon his head, his stockings
fouled, ungartered and double-gyved to his ankle, pale as his shirt, his
knees knocking each other... and with a look so piteous, he takes her by the
wrist and holds her hard, then he goes to the length of his arm and with his
other hand over his brow, falls to such perusal of her face as he would draw
it... At last, with a little shaking of his arm, and thrice his head waving
up and down, he raises a sigh so piteous and profound that it does seem to
shatter all his bulk and end his being. That done he lets her go, and with
his head over his shoulder turned, he goes backwards without taking his eyes
off her... she runs off in the opposite direction.)
(ROS and GUIL have frozen. GUIL unfreezes first. He jumps at ROS.)
GUIL: Come on!
(But a flourish - enter CLAUDIUS and GERTRUDE, attended.)
CLAUDIUS: Welcome, dear Rosencrantz... (he raises a hand at GUIL while
ROS bows - GUIL bows late and hurriedly.)... and Guildenstern.
(He raises a hand at ROS while GUIL bows to him - ROS is still
straightening up from his previous bow and half way up he bows down again.
With his head down, he twists to look at GUIL, who is on the way up.)
Moreover that we did much long to see you,
The need we have to use you did provoke
Our hasty sanding.
(ROS and GUIL still adjusting their clothing for CLAUDIUS's presence.)
Something have you heard
Of Hamlet's transformation, so call it,
Sith nor th'exterior nor inward man
Resembles that it was. What it should be,
More than his father's death, that thus hath put him,
So much from th'understanding of himself,
I cannot dream of. I entreat you both
That, being of so young days brought up with him
And sith so neighbored to his youth and haviour
That you ... safe your rest here on our court
Some little time, so by your companies
To draw him on to pleasures and to gather
So much as from occasion you may glean,
Whether ought to us unknown afflicts him thus,
That opened lies within our remedy.
GERTRUDE: Good (fractional suspense) gentlemen...
(They both bow.)
He hath much talked of you,
And sure I am, two men there is not living
To whom he more adheres. If it will please you
To show us so much gentry and good will
As to expand your time with us awhile
For the supply and profit of our hope,
Your visitation shall receive such thanks
As fits the king's remembrance.
ROS: Both your majesties
Might, by the sovereign power you have on us,
Put your dread pleasure more into command
Than to entreaty.
GUIL: But we both obey,
And here give up ourselves in the full bent
To lay our service freely at your feet,
To be commanded.
CLAUDIUS: Thanks, Rosencrantz (turning to ROS who is caught unprepared,
while GUIL bows) and gentle Guildenstern (turning to GUIL who is bent
GERTRUDE (correcting): Thanks, Guildenstern (turning to ROS, who bows
as GUIL checks upward movement to bow too - both bent double, squinting at
each other)... and gentle Rosencrantz. (Turning to GUIL, both straightening
up - GUIL checks again and bows again.)
And I beseech you instantly to visit
My too much changed son. Go, some of you,
And bring these gentlemen where Hamlet is.
(To ATTENDANTS exit backwards, indicating that ROS and GUIL should
GUIL: Heaven make our presence and our practices
Pleasant and helpful to him.
GERTRUDE: Ay, amen!
(ROS and GUIL move towards and downstage wing. Before they get there,
POLONIUS enters. They stop and bow to him. He nods and hurries upstage to
CLAUDIUS. They turn to look at him but lose interest and come down to
footlights. POLINIUS meanwhile calling to CLAUDIUS.)
POLONIUS: The ambassadors from Norway, my good lord, are joyfully
CLAUDIUS: Thou still hast been the father of good news.
POLONIUS: Have I, my lord? Assure you, my good liege,
I hold my duty as I hold my soul,
Both to my God and to my gracious King;
And I do think or else this brain of mine
Hunts not the trail of policy for sure
As it hath used to do, that I have found
The very cause of Hamlet's lunacy...
(Exeunt - leaving ROS and GUIL)
ROS: I want to go home.
GUIL: Don't let them confuse you.
ROS: I'm out of my step here -
GUIL: We'll soon be home and high - dry and home - I'll -
ROS: It's all over my depth -
GUIL: I'll hie you home and -
ROS: - out of my head -
GUIL: - dry you high and -
ROS (cracking, high): - over my step over my head body! - I tell you
it's all stopping to a death, it's boding to a depth, stepping to a head,
it's all heading to a dead stop -
GUIL (the nursemaid): There!... and we'll soon be home and dry... and
high and dry... (Rapidly.) Has it ever happened to you that all of a sudden
and for no reason at all you haven't the faintest idea how to spell the word
- "wife" - or "house" - because when you write it down you just can't
remember ever having seen those letters in that order before...?
ROS: I remember...
ROS: I remember there were no questions.
GUIL: There were always questions. To exchange one set for another is
no great matter.
ROS: Answers, yes. There were answers to everything.
GUIL: You've forgotten.
ROS (flaring): I haven't forgotten - how I used to remember my own name
- and yours, oh ): I haven't forgotten - how I used to remember my own name
- and yours, oh yes! There were answers everywhere you looked. There was no
question about it - people knew who I was and if they didn't they asked and
I told them.
GUIL: You did, the trouble is each of them is... plausible, without
being instinctive. All your life you live so close to truth, it becomes a
permanent blur in the corner of your eye, and when something nudges it into
outline it is like being ambushed by a grotesque. A man standing in his
saddle in the half-lit half-alive dawn banged on the shutters and called two
names. He was just a hat and the cloak levitating in the grey plume of his
own breath, but when he called we came. That much is certain - we came.
ROS: Well I can tell you I'm sick to death of it. I don't care one way
or another, so why don't you make up your mind.
GUIL: We can't afford anything quite so arbitrary. Nor did we come all
this way for a christening. All that - preceded us. But we are comparatively
fortunate; we might have been left to sift the whole field of human
nomenclature, like two blind men looting a bazaar for their own portraits...
At least we are presented with alternatives.
ROS: Well as from now -
GUIL: - But not choice.
ROS: You made me look ridiculous in there.
GUIL: I looked as ridiculous as you did.
ROS (an anguished cry): Consistency is all I ask!
GUIL (low, wry rhetoric): Give us this day our daily mask.
ROS (a dying fall): I want to go home. (Moves.) Which way did we come
in? I've lost my sense of direction.
GUIL: The only beginning is birth and the only end is death - if you
can't count on that, what can you count on?
(They connect again.)
ROS: We don't owe anything to anyone.
GUIL: We've been caught up. Your smallest action sets off another
somewhere else, and is set off by it. Keep an eye open, an ear cocked. Tread
warily, follow instructions. We'll be all right.
ROS: For how long?
GUIL: Till events have played themselves out. There's a logic at work -
it's all done for you, don't worry. Enjoy it. Relax. To be taken in hand and
led, like being a child again, even without the innocence, a child - It's
like being given a prize, an extra slice of childhood when you least expect
it, as a prize for being good, or a compensation for never having had one...
Do I contradict myself?
ROS: I don't remember. What have we got to go on?
GUIL: We have been briefed. Hamlet's transformation. What do you
ROS: Well, he's changed, hasn't he? The exterior and inward man fails
to resemble -
GUIL: Draw him on to pleasures - glean what afflicts him.
ROS: Something more than his father's death -
GUIL: He's always talking about us - there aren't two people living
whom he dotes on more than us.
ROS: We cheer him up - find out what's the matter -
GUIL: Exactly, it's the matter of asking the right questions and giving
away as little as we can. It's a game.
ROS: And then we can go?
GUIL: And receive such thanks as fits a king's remembrance.
ROS: I like the sound of that. What do you think he means by
GUIL: He doesn't forget his friends.
ROS: Wouldn't you care to estimate?
GUIL: Difficult to say, really - come kings tend to be amnesiac, others
I suppose - the opposite, whatever that is...
ROS: Yes - but -
ROS: Hot how long - how much?
GUIL: Retentive - he's a very retentive king, a royal retainer...
ROS: What are you playing at?
GUIL: Words, words. They're all we have to go on.
ROS: Shouldn't we be doing something - constructive?
GUIL: What did you have in mind?... A short, blunt human pyramid...?
ROS: We could go.
ROS: After him.
GUIL: Why? They've got us placed now - if we start moving around, we'll
all be chasing each other all night.
ROS (at footlights): How very intriguing! (Turns.) I feel like a
spectator - an appalling business. The only thing that makes it bearable is
the irrational belief that somebody interesting will come on in a minute...
GUIL: See anyone?
ROS: No. You?
GUIL: No. (At footlights.) What a fine persecution - to be kept
intrigued without ever quite being enlightened... (Pause.) We've had no
ROS: We could play at questions.
GUIL: What good would that do?
GUIL: Statement! One-love.
ROS: I hadn't started yet.
GUIL: Statement. Two-love.
ROS: Are you counting that?
ROS: Are you counting that?
GUIL: Foul! No repetitions. Three-love. First game to...
ROS: I'm not going to play if you're going to be like that.
GUIL: Whose serve?
GUIL: Foul! No grunts. Love-one.
ROS: Whose go?
ROS: Why not?
GUIL: What for?
ROS: Foul! No synonyms! One-all.
GUIL: What in God's name is going all?
ROS: Foul! No rhetoric. Two-one.
GUIL: What does it all add up to?
ROS: Can't you guess?
GUIL: Were you addressing me?
ROS: Is there anyone else?
ROS: How would I know?
GUIL: Why do you ask?
ROS: Are you serious?
GUIL: Was that rhetoric?
GUIL: Statement! Two-all. Game point.
ROS: What's the matter with you today?
GUIL: Are you deaf?
ROS: Am I dead?
GUIL: Yes or no?
ROS: Is there a choice?
GUIL: Is there a God?
ROS: Foul! No non sequiturs, three-two, one game all.
GUIL (seriously): What's your name?
ROS: What's yours?
GUIL: I asked you first.
ROS: Statement. One-love.
GUIL: What's your name when you're at home?
ROS: What's yours?
GUIL: When I'm at home?
ROS: Is it different at home?
GUIL: What home?
ROS: Haven't you got one?
GUIL: Why do you ask?
ROS: What are you driving at?
GUIL (with emphasis): What's your name?!
ROS: Repetition. Two-love. Match point to me.
GUIL (seizing him violently): WHO DO YOU THINK YOU ARE?
ROS: Rhetoric! Game and match! (Pause.) Where's it going to end?
GUIL: That's the question.
ROS: It's all questions.
GUIL: Do you think it matters?
ROS: Doesn't it matter to you?
GUIL: Why should it matter?
ROS: What does it matter why?
GUIL (teasing gently): Doesn't it matter why it matters?
ROS (rounding on him): What's the matter with you?
GUIL: It doesn't matter.
ROS (voice in the wilderness): ... What's the game?
GUIL: What are the rules?
(Enter HAMLET behind, crossing the stage, reading a book - as he is
about to disappear GUIL notices him.)
GUIL (sharply): Rosencrantz!
ROS (jumps): What?
(HAMLET goes. Triumph dawns on them, they smile.)
GUIL: There! How was that?
GUIL: Got it in your head?
ROS: I take my hat off you.
GUIL: Shake hands.
ROS: Now I'll try you - Guil - !
GUIL: - Not yet - catch me unawares.
ROS: Right. (They separate. Pause. Aside to GUIL.) Ready?
GUIL (explodes): Don't be stupid.
GUIL (snaps): Guildenstern!
ROS (jumps): What? (He is immediately crestfallen, GUIL is disgusted.)
GUIL: Consistency is all I ask!
ROS (guilty): Give us this day our daily week...
ROS: Who was that?
GUIL: Didn't you know him?
ROS: He didn't know me.
GUIL: He didn't see you.
ROS: I didn't see him.
GUIL: We shall see. I hardly knew him, he's changed.
ROS: You could see that?
ROS: How do you know?
GUIL: Inside and out.
ROS: I see.
GUIL: He's not himself.
ROS: He's changed.
GUIL: I could see that. (Beat.) Glean what afflicts him.
GUIL: Question and answer. Old ways are the best ways.
ROS: He's afflicted.
GUIL: You question, I'll answer.
ROS: He's not himself, you know.
GUIL: I'm him, you see.
ROS: Who am I then?
GUIL: You're yourself.
ROS: And he's you?
GUIL: Not a bit of it.
ROS: Are you afflicted?
GUIL: That's the idea. Are you ready?
ROS: Let's go back a bit.
GUIL: I'm afflicted.
ROS: I see.
GUIL: Glean what afflicts me.
GUIL: Question and answer.
ROS: How should I begin?
GUIL: Address me.
ROS: My dear Guildenstern!
GUIL (quietly): You've forgotten - haven't you?
ROS: My dear Rosencrantz!
GUIL (great control): I don't think you quite understand. What we are
attempting is a hypothesis in which I answer for him, while you ask me
ROS: Ah! Ready?
GUIL: You know what to do?
GUIL: Are you stupid?
GUIL: Are you deaf?
ROS: Did you speak?
GUIL (admonishing): Not now -
GUIL (shouts): Not now! (Pause.) If I had my doubts, or rather hopes,
they are dispelled. What could we possibly have in common except our
situation? (They separate and sit.) Perhaps he'll come back this way.
ROS: Should we go?
ROS (starts up. Snaps fingers.): Oh! You mean - you pretend to be him,
and I ask you questions!
GUIL (dry): Very good.
ROS: You had me confused.
GUIL: I could see I had.
ROS: How should I begin?
GUIL: Address me.
(They stand and face each other, posing.)
ROS: My honoured Lord!
GUIL: My dear Rosencrantz!
ROS: Am I pretending to be you, then?
GUIL: Certainly not. If you like. Shall we continue?
ROS: Question and answer.
ROS: Right. My honoured Lord!
GUIL: My dear fellow!
ROS: How are you?
ROS: Really? In what way?
ROS: Inside or out?
ROS: I see. (Pause.) No much new there.
GUIL: Go into details. Delve. Probe the background, establish the
ROS: So - so your uncle is the king of Denmark?
GUIL: And my father before him.
ROS: But surely -
GUIL: You might well ask.
ROS: Let me get it straight. Your father was king. You were his only
son. Your father dies. You are of age. Your uncle becomes king.
GUIL: Undid me.
ROS: Undeniable. Where were you?
GUIL: In Germany.
ROS: Usurpation, then.
GUIL: He slipped in.
ROS: Which reminds me.
GUIL: Well, it would.
ROS: I don't want to be personal.
GUIL: It's common knowledge.
ROS: Your mother's marriage.
GUIL: He slipped in.
ROS (lugubriously): His body was still warm.
GUIL: So was hers.
ROS: It makes you think.
GUIL: Don't think I haven't though of it.
ROS: And with her husband's brother.
GUIL: They were close.
ROS: She went to him -
GUIL: - Too close -
ROS: - for comfort.
GUIL: It looks bad.
ROS: It adds up.
GUIL: Incest and adultery.
ROS: Would you go so far?
ROS: To sum up: your father, whom you love, dies, you are his heir, you
come back to find that hardly was the corpse cold before his young brother
popped on to his throne and into his sheets, thereby offending both legal
and natural practice. Now, why exactly you behaving in this extraordinary
GUIL: I can't imagine. (Pause.) But all that is well known, common
property. Yet he sent for us. And we did come.
ROS (alert, ear cocked): I say! I heard music -
GUIL: We're here.
ROS: - Like a band - I thought I heard a band.
ROS (absently, still listening): What?
GUIL (gently wry): Guildenstern...
ROS (irritated by the repetition): What?
GUIL: Don't you discriminate at all?
ROS (turning dumbly): What?
GUIL: Go and see if he's there.
(ROS goes to an upstage wing, looks, returns, formally making his
GUIL: What is he doing?
(ROS repeats movement.)
GUIL: To himself?
(ROS starts to move. GUIL cuts him impatiently.)
Is he alone?
GUIL: Then he's not talking to himself, is he?
ROS: Not by himself... Coming this way, I think. (Shiftily.) Should we
GUIL: Why? We're marked now.
(HAMLET enters, backwards, talking, followed by POLONIUS, upstage. ROS
and GUIL occupy the two downstage corners looking upstage.)
HAMLET: ... for you yourself, sir, should be as old as I am if like a
crab you could go backwards.
POLONIUS (aside): Though this be madness, yet there is method in it.
Will you walk out of air, my Lord?
HAMLET: Into my grave.
POLONIUS: Indeed, that's out of air.
(HAMLET crosses to upstage exit, POLONIUS asiding unintelligibly until
My lord, I will take my leave of you.
HAMLET: You cannot take from me anything that I will more willingly
part withal - except my life, except my life, except my life...
POLONIUS (crossing downstage): Fare you well, my lord. (To ROS.) You go
to seek Lord HAMLET? There he is.
ROS (to POLONIUS) God save you, sir.
GUIL (calls upstage to HAMLET): My honoured Lord!
ROS: My most dear Lord!
(HAMLET centred upstage, turns to them.)
HAMLET: My excellent good friends! How dost thou Guildenstern? (Coming
downstage with am arm raised to ROS, GUIL meanwhile bowing to no greeting.
HAMLET corrects himself. Still to ROS.) Ah Rosencrantz!
(They laugh good naturedly at the mistake. They all meet midstage, turn
upside to walk, HAMLET in the middle, arm over each shoulder.)
HAMLET: Good lads, how do you both?
(A fade out. That is to say, the conversation - see Shakespeare, Act
II, Scene ii - runs down quickly; it is still animated and interspersed with
laughter, but it is overtaken by rising music and fading light.)
HAMLET, ROS and GUIL talking, the continuation of the previous scene.
Their conversation, on the move, is indecipherable at first. The first
illegible line is HAMLET's, coming at the end of a short speech ? see
Shakespeare Act II, scene ii.
HAMLET: S'blood, there is something in this more than natural, if
philosophy could take it out.
(A flourish from the TRAGEDIANS' band.)
GUIL: There are the players.
HAMLET: Gentlemen, you are welcome in Elsinore. Your hands, come then.
(He takes their hands.) The appurtenance of welcome is fashion and ceremony.
Let me comply with you in this garb, lest my extent to the players (which I
tell you must show fairly outwards) should more appear like entertainment
than yours. You are welcome. (About to leave.) But my uncle-father and
aunt-mother are deceived.
GUIL: In what, my dear lord?
HAMLET: I am but mad north north-west; when the wind is southerly I
know a hawk from a handsaw.
(POLUNIUS enters, as GUIL turns away.)
POLONIUS: Well be you gentlemen.
HAMLET (to ROS): Mark you, Guildenstern (uncertainly to GUIL) and you
too; at each ear a hearer. That great baby you see there is not yet out of
swaddling clouts... (He takes ROS upstage with him, talking together.)
POLONIUS: My Lord! I have news to tell you.
HAMLET (releasing ROS and mimicking): My lord, I have news to tell
you... When Rocius was an actor in Rome...
(ROS comes down to re-join GUIL.)
POLONIUS (as he follows HAMLET out): The actors are come hither my
HAMLET: Buzz, buzz.
(Exeunt HAMLET and POLONIUS.)
(ROS and GUIL ponder. Each reluctant to speak first.)
ROS: I thought you...
GUIL: I think we can say we made some headway.
ROS: You think so?
GUIL: I think we can say that.
ROS: I think we can say he made us look ridiculous.
GUIL: We played it close to the chest of course.
ROS (derisively): "Question and answer. Old ways are the best ways"! He
was scoring off us all down the line.
GUIL: He caught us on the wrong foot once or twice, perhaps, but I
thought we gained some ground.
ROS (simply): He murdered us.
GUIL: He might have had the edge.
ROS (roused): Twenty-seven - three, and you think he might have had the
edge?! He murdered us.
GUIL: What about our evasions?
ROS: Oh, our evasions were lovely. "Were you sent for?" he says. "My
lord, we were sent for..." I didn't where to put myself.
GUIL: He had six rhetoricals -
ROS: It was question and answer, all right. Twenty-seven questions he
got out in ten minutes, and answered three. I was waiting for you to delve.
"When is he going to start delving?" I asked myself.
GUIL: - And two repetitions.
ROS: Hardly a leading question between us.
GUIL: We got his symptoms, didn't we?
ROS: Half of what he said meant something else, and the other half
didn't mean anything at all.
GUIL: Thwarted ambition - a sense of grievance, that's my diagnosis.
ROS: Six rhetorical and two repetitions, leaving nineteen of which we
answered fifteen. And what did we get in return? He's depressed!...
Denmark's a prison and he'd rather live in a nutshell; some shadow-play
about the nature of ambition, which never got down to cases, and finally one
direct question which might have led somewhere, and led in fact to his
illuminating claim to tell a hawk from a handsaw.
GUIL: When the wind is southerly.
ROS: And when the weather is clear.
GUIL: And when it isn't he can't.
ROS: He's at the mercy of the elements. (Licks his finger and holds it
up - facing audience.) Is that southerly?
(They stare at the audience.)
GUIL: It doesn't look southerly. What made you think so?
ROS: I didn't say I think so. It could be northerly for all I know.
GUIL: I wouldn't have thought so.
ROS: Well, if you're going to be dogmatic.
GUIL: Wait a minute - we came from roughly south according to a rough
ROS: I see. Well, which way did we come in? (GUIL looks around
GUIL (clears his throat): In the morning the sun would be easterly. I
think we can assume that.
ROS: That it's morning?
GUIL: If it is, and the sun is over there (his right as he faces the
audience) for instance, that (front) would be northerly. On the other hand,
if it's not morning and the sun is over there (his left)... that... (lamely)
would still be northerly. (Picking up.) To put it another way, if we came
from down there (front) and it is morning, the sun would be up there (his
left), and if it is actually over there (his right) and it's still morning,
we must have come from up there (behind him), and if that is southerly (his
left) and the sun is really over there (front), then it's afternoon.
However, if none of these is the case -
ROS: Why don't you go and have a look?
GUIL: Pragmatism?! - is that all you have to offer? You seem to have no
conception of where we stand! You won't find the answer written down for you
in the bowl of a compass - I can tell you that. (Pause.) Besides, you can
never tell this far north - it's probably dark out there.
ROS: I merely suggest that the position of the sun, if it is out, would
give you a rough idea of the time; alternatively, the clock, if it is going,
would give you a rough idea of the position of the sun. I forget which
you're trying to establish.
GUIL: I'm trying to establish the direction of the wind.
ROS: There isn't any wind. Draught, yes.
GUIL: In that case, the origin. Trace it to the source and it might
give us a rough idea of the way we came in - which might give us a rough
idea of south, for further reference.
ROS: It's coming up through the floor. (He studies the floor.) That
can't be south, can it?
GUIL: That's not direction. Lick your toe and wave it around a bit.
(ROS considers the distance to his foot.)
ROS: No, I think you'd have to lick it for me.
GUIL: I'm prepared to let the whole matter drop.
ROS: Or I could lick yours, of course.
GUIL: No thank you.
ROS: I'll even wave it around for you.
GUIL (down ROS's throat): What in God's name is the matter with you?
ROS: Just being friendly.
GUIL (retiring): Somebody might come in. It's what we're counting on,
after all. Ultimately.
ROS: Perhaps they've all trampled each other to death in the rush. Give
them a shout. Something provocative. Intrigue them.
GUIL: Wheels have been set in motion, and they have their own pace, to
which we are... condemned. Each move is dictated by the previous one - that
is the meaning of order. If we start being arbitrary it'll just be a
shambles: at least, let us hope so. Because if we happened, just happened to
discover, or even suspect, that our spontaneity was part of their order,
we'd know that we were lost. (He sits.) A Chinaman of the T'ang Dynasty -
and, by which definition, a philosopher - dreamed he was a butterfly, and
from that moment he was never quite sure that he was not a butterfly
dreaming it was a Chinese philosopher. Envy him, in his two-fold security.
(A good pause. ROS leaps up and bellows at the audience.)
(GUIL jumps up.)
ROS: It's all right - I'm demonstrating the misuse of free speech. To
prove that it exists. (He regards the audience, that is the direction, with
contempt - and other directions, then front again.) Not a move. They should
burn to death in their shoes.
(ROS takes out one of his coins. Spins it. Catches it. Looks at it.
GUIL: What was it?
GUIL: Heads or tails?
ROS: Oh. I didn't look.
GUIL: Yes you did.
ROS: Oh, did I? (He takes a coin, studies it.) Quite right - it rings a
GUIL: What's the last thing you remember?
ROS: I don't wish to be reminded of it.
GUIL: We cross our bridges when we come to them and burn them behind
us, with nothing to show our progress except a memory of the smell of smoke,
and a presumption that once our eyes watered.
(ROS approaches him brightly, holding a coin between finger and thumb.
He covers it with the other hand, draws his fist apart and holds them for
GUIL. GUIL considers them. Indicates the left hand, ROS opens it to show it
(Repeat process. GUIL indicates left hand again. ROS shows it empty.)
(Repeat process - GUIL taps one hand, then the other hand, quickly. ROS
inadvertently shows that both are empty. ROS laughs as GUIL turns upstage.
ROS stops laughing, looks around his left, pats his clothes, puzzled.)
(POLONIUS breaks that up by entering upstage followed by the TRAGEDIANS
POLONIUS (entering): Come, sirs.
HAMLET: Follow him, friends. We'll hear a play tomorrow.
(Aside to the PLAYER, who is the last of the TRAGEDIANS.)
Dost thou hear me, old friend? Can you play "The Murder of Gonzago"?
PLAYER: Ay, my lord.
HAMLET: We'll ha't tomorrow night. You could for a need study a speech
of some dozen or sixteen lines which I would set down and insert in't, could
PLAYER: Ay, my lord.
HAMLET: Very well. Follow that lord, and look you mock him not.
(The PLAYER crossing downstage, notes ROS and GUIL. Stops. HAMLET
crossing downstage addresses them without a pause.)
HAMLET: My good friends, I'll leave you till tonight. You are welcome
ROS: Good, my lord.
GUIL: So you've caught up.
PLAYER (coldly): Not yet, sir.
GUIL: Now mind your tongue, or we'll have it out and throw the rest of
you away, like a nightingale at a Roman feast.
PLAYER: Took the very words out of my mouth.
GUIL: You'd be lost for words.
ROS: You'd be tongue-tied.
GUIL: Like a mute in a monologue.
ROS: Like a nightingale at a Roman feast.
GUIL: Your diction will go to pieces.
ROS: Your lines will be cut.
GUIL: To dumbshows.
ROS: And dramatic pauses.
GUIL: You'll never find your tongue.
ROS: Lick your lips.
GUIL: Taste your tears.
ROS: Your breakfast.
GUIL: You won't know the difference.
ROS: There won't be any.
GUIL: We'll take the very words out of your mouth.
ROS: So you've caught up.
GUIL: So you've caught up.
PLAYER (tops): Not yet! (Bitterly.) You left us.
GUIL: Ah! I'd forgotten - you performed a dramatic spectacle by the
wayside - a thing much thought of in the New Testament. How did yours
compare as an impromptu?
PLAYER: Badly - neither witnessed nor reported.
GUIL: Yes, I'm sorry we had to miss it. I hope you didn't leave
anything out - I'd be furious to think I didn't miss all of it.
(The PLAYER, progressively aggrieved, now burst out.)
PLAYER: We can't look each other in the face! (Pause, more in control.)
You don't understand the humiliation of it - to be tricked out of a single
assumption, which makes our existence viable - that somebody is watching...
The plot was two corpses gone before we caught sight of ourselves, stripped
naked in the middle of nowhere and pouring ourselves down a bottomless well.
ROS: Is that thirty eight?
PLAYER (lost): There we are - demented children mincing about in
clothes that no one ever wore, speaking as no man ever spoke, swearing love
in wigs and rhymed couplets, killing each other with wooden swords, hollow
protestations of faith hurled after empty promises of vengeance - and every
gesture, every pose, vanishing into the thin unpopulated air. We ransomed
our dignity to the clouds, and the uncomprehending birds listened. (He
rounds on them.) Don't you see?! We're actors - we're the opposite of
people! (They recoil nonplussed, his voice calms.) Think, in your head, now,
think of the most... private... secret... intimate... thing you have ever
done secure in the knowledge of its privacy... (He gives them - and the
audience - a good pause. ROS takes a shifty look.) Are you thinking of it?
(He strikes with his voice and his head.) Well, I saw you do it!
(ROS leaps up, dissembling madly.)
ROS: You never! It's a lie! (He catches himself with a giggle in a
vacuum and sits down again.)
PLAYER: We're actors... We pledged our identities, secure in the
conventions of our trade; that someone would be watching. And than,
gradually, no one was. We were caught, high and dry. It was not until the
murder's long soliloquy that we were able to look around; frozen we were in
the profil, our eyes searched you out, first confidently, then hesitantly,
then desperately as each patch of turf, each log, each exposed corned in
every direction proved uninhabited, and all the while the murderous King
addressed the horizon with his dreary interminable guilt... Our heads began
to move, wary as lizards, the corpse of unsullied Rosalinda peeped through
his fingers, and the King faltered. Even then, habit and a stubborn trust
that our audience spied upon us from behind the nearest bush, forced our
bodies to blunder on long after they had emptied of meaning, until like
runaway carts they dragged to a halt. No one came forward. No one shouted at
us. The silence was unbreakable, it imposed itself upon us; it was obscene.
We took off our crowns and swords and cloth of gold and moved silent on the
road to Elsinore.
(Silence. Then GUIL claps solo with slow measured irony.)
GUIL: Brilliantly re-created - if these eyes could weep!... Rather
strong on metaphor, mind you. No criticism - only a matter of taste. And so
here you are - with a vengeance. That's a figure of speech... isn't it? Well
let's say we've made up for it, for you may have no doubt whom to thank for
your performance at the court.
ROS: We are counting on you to take him out of himself. You are the
pleasures which we draw him on to - (he escapes a fractional giggle but
recovers immediately) and by that I don't mean your usual filth; you can't .
treat royalty like people with normal perverted desires. They know nothing
of that and you know nothing of them, to your mutual survival. So give him a
good clean show suitable for all the family, or you can rest assured you'll
be playing the tavern tonight.
GUIL: Or the night, after.
ROS: Or not.
PLAYER: We already have an entry here. And always have had.
GUIL: You've played for him before?
PLAYER: Yes, sir.
ROS: And what's his bent?
GUIL: What will you play?
PLAYER: "The Murder of Gonzago".
GUIL: Full of fine cadence and corpses.
PLAYER: Pirated from the Italian....
ROS: What is it about?
PLAYER: It's about a King and Queen....
GUIL: Escapism! What else?
PLAYER: Blood - -
GUIL: - Love and rhetoric.
PLAYER: Yes. (Going.)
GUIL: Where are you going?
PLAYER: I can come and go as I please.
GUIL: You're evidently a man who knows his way around.
PLAYER: I've been here before.
GUIL: We're still finding our feet.
PLAYER: I should concentrate on not losing your heads.
GUIL: Do you speak from knowledge?
GUIL: You've been here before.
PLAYER: And I know which way the wind is blowing.
GUIL: Operating on two levels, are we?! How clever! I expect it comes
naturally to you, being in the business so to speak.
(The PLAYER's grave face does not change. He makes to move off again.
GUIL for the second time cuts him off.)
The truth is, we value your company, for want of any other. We have
been left so much to our own devices - after a while one welcomes the
uncertainty of being left to other people's.
PLAYER: Uncertainty is the normal state. You're nobody special.
(He makes to leave again. GUIL loses his cool.)
GUIL: But for God's sake what are we supposed to do?
PLAYER: Relax. Respond. That's what people do. You can't go through
life questioning your situation at every turn.
GUIL: But we don't know what's going on, or what to do with ourselves.
We don't know how to act.
PLAYER: Act natural. You know why you're here at least.
GUIL: We only know what we're told, and that's little enough. And for
all we know it isn't even true.
PLAYER: For all anyone knows, nothing is. Everything has to be taken on
trust; truth is only that which is taken to be true. It's the currency of
living. There may be nothing behind it, but it doesn't make any difference
so long as it is honoured. One acts on assumptions. What do you assume?
ROS: Hamlet is not himself, outside or in. We have to glean what
GUIL: He doesn't give much away.
PLAYER: Who does, nowadays?
GUIL: He's - melancholy.
PLAYER: How is he mad?
ROS: Ah. (To GUIL.) How is he mad?
GUIL: More morose than mad, perhaps.
ROS: He has moods.
PLAYER: Of moroseness?
GUIL: Madness. And yet.
GUIL: For instance.
ROS: He talks to himself, which might be madness.
GUIL: If he didn't talk sense, which he does.
ROS: Which suggests the opposite.
PLAYER: Of what?
GUIL: I think I have it. A man talking sense to himself is no madder
than a man talking nonsense not to himself.
ROS: Or just as mad.
GUIL: Or just as mad.
ROS: And he does both.
GUIL: So there you are.
ROS: Stark raving sane.
GUIL: Ah. (To ROS.) Why?
GUIL: Exactly what? .
ROS: Exactly why.
GUIL: Exactly why what?
ROS: Why what, exactly?
GUIL: Why is he mad?!
ROS: I don't know!
PLAYER: The old man thinks he's in love with his daughter.
ROS (appalled): Good God! We're out of our depth here.
PLAYER: No, no, no - he hasn't got a daughter - the old man thinks he's
in love with his daughter.
ROS: The old man is?
PLAYER: Hamlet, in love with the old man's daughter, the old man
ROS: Ha! It's beginning to make sense! Unrequited passion!
(The PLAYER moves.)
GUIL (Fascist): Nobody leaves this room! (Pause, lamely.) Without a
very good reason.
PLAYER: Why not?
GUIL: All this strolling about is getting too arbitrary by half - I'm
rapidly losing my grip. From now on reason will prevail.
PLAYER: I have lines to learn.
(The PLAYER passes into one of the wings. ROS cups his hands and shouts
into the opposite one.)
(But no one comes.)
GUIL: What did you expect?
ROS: Something ... someone ... nothing. (They sit facing front.)
Are you hungry?
GUIL: No, are you?
ROS (thinks): No. You remember that coin?
ROS: I think I lost it.
GUIL: What coin?
ROS: I don't remember exactly.
GUIL: Oh, that coin ... clever.
ROS: I can't remember how I did it.
GUIL: It probably comes natural to you.
ROS: Yes, I've got a show-stopper there.
GUIL: Do it again.
ROS: We can't afford it.
GUIL: Yes, one must think of the future.
ROS: It's the normal thing.
GUIL: To have one. One is, after all, having it all the time... now...
and now... and now....
ROS: It could go on for ever. Well, not for ever, I suppose. (Pause.)
Do you ever think of yourself as actually dead, lying in a box with a lid on
ROS: Nor do I, really.... It's silly to be depressed by it. I mean one
thinks of it like being alive in a box, one keeps forgetting to take into
account the fact that one is dead ... which should make a difference ...
shouldn't it? I mean, you'd never know you were in a box, would you? It
would be just like being asleep in a box. Not that I'd like to sleep in a
box, mind you, not without any air - you'd wake up dead, for a start and
then where would you be? Apart from inside a box. That's the bit I don't
like, frankly. That's why I don't think of it....
(GUIL stirs restlessly, pulling his cloak round him.)
Because you'd be helpless, wouldn't you? Stuffed in a box like that, I
mean you'd be in there for ever. Even taking into account the fact that
you're dead, really ... ask yourself, if I asked you straight off - I'm
going to stuff you in this box now, would you rather be alive or dead?
Naturally, you'd prefer to be alive. Life in a box is better than no life at
all. I expect. You'd have a chance at least. You could lie there thinking -
well, at least I'm not dead! In a minute someone's going to bang on the lid
and tell me to come out. (Banging on the floor with his fists.) "Hey you,
whatsyername! Come out of there!"
GUIL (jumps up savagely): You don't have to flog it to death!
ROS: I wouldn't think about it, if I were you. You'd only get
depressed. (Pause.) Eternity is a terrible thought. I mean, where's it going
to end? (Pause, then brightly.) Two early Christians chanced to meet in
Heaven. "Saul of Tarsus yet!" cried one. "What are you doing here?!" ...
"Tarsus-Schmarsus", replied the other, "I'm Paul already."
(ROS stands up restlessly and flaps his arms.)
They don't care. We count for nothing. We could remain silent till
we're green in the face, they wouldn't come.
GUIL: Blue, red.
ROS: A Christian, a Moslem and a Jew chanced to meet in a closed
carriage.... "Silverstein!" cried the Jew, "Who's your friend?" ... "His
name's Abdullah", replied the Moslem, "but he's no friend of mine since he
became a convert." (He leaps up again, stamps his foot and shouts into the
wings.) All right, we know you're in there! Come out talking! (Pause.) We
have no control. None at all.... (He paces.) Whatever became of the moment
when one first knew about death? There must have been one, a moment, in
childhood when it first occurred to you that you don't go on for ever. It
must have been shattering - stamped into one's memory. And yet I can't
remember it. It never occurred to me at all. What does one make of that? We
must be born with an intuition of mortality. Before we know the words for
it, before we know that there are words, out we come, bloodied and squalling
with the knowledge that for all the compasses in the world, there's only one
direction, and time is its only measure. (He reflects, getting more
desperate and rapid.) A Hindu, a Buddhist and a lion-tamer chanced to meet,
in a circus on the Indo-Chinese border. (He breaks out.) They're taking us
for granted! Well, I won't stand for it! In future, notice will be taken.
(He wheels again to face into the wings.) Keep out, then! I forbid anyone to
enter! (No one comes - Breathing heavily.) That's better....
(Immediately, behind him a grand procession enters, principally
CLAUDIUS, GERTRUDE, POLONIUS and OPHELIA. CLAUDIUS takes ROS's elbow as he
passes and is immediately deep in conversation: the context is Shakespeare
Act III, Scene i. GUIL still faces front as CLAUDIUS, ROS, etc., pass
upstage and turn.)
GUIL: Death followed by eternity ... the worst of both worlds. It is a
(He turns upstage in time to take over the conversation with CLAUDIUS.
GERTRUDE and ROS head downstage.)
GERTRUDE: Did he receive you well?
ROS: Most like a gentleman.
GUIL (returning in time to take it up): But with much forcing of his
ROS (a flat lie and he knows it and shows it, perhaps catching GUIL's
eye): Niggard of question, but of our demands most free in his reply.
GERTRUDE: Did you assay him to any pastime?
ROS: Madam, it so fell out that certain players
We o'erraught on the way: of these we told him
And there did seem in him a kind of joy
To hear of it. They are here about the court,
And, as I think, they have already order
This night to play before him.
POLONIUS: 'Tis most true
And he beseeched me to entreat your Majesties
To hear and see the matter.
CLAUDIUS: With all my heart, and it doth content me
To hear him so inclined.
Good gentlemen, give him a further edge
And drive his purpose into these delights.
ROS: We shall, my lord.
CLAUDIUS (leading out procession):
Sweet Gertrude, leave us, too,
For we have closely sent for Hamlet hither,
That he, as t'were by accident, may here
(Exeunt CLAUDIUS and GERTRUDE.)
ROS (peevish): Never a moment's peace! In and out, on and off, they're
coming at us from all sides.
GUIL: You're never satisfied.
ROS: Catching us on the trot.... Why can't we go by them!
GUIL: What's the difference?
ROS: I'm going.
(ROS pulls his cloak round him. GUIL ignores him. Without confidence
ROS heads upstage. He looks out and comes back quickly.)
GUIL: What's he doing?
GUIL: He must be doing something.
GUIL: On his hands?
ROS: No, on his feet.
GUIL: Stark naked?
ROS: Fully dressed.
GUIL: Selling toffee apples?
ROS: Not that I noticed.
GUIL: You could be wrong?
ROS: I don't think so.
GUIL: I can't for the life of me see how we're going to get into
(HAMLET enters upstage, and pauses, weighing up the pros and cons of
making his quietus.)
(ROS and GUIL watch him.)
ROS: Nevertheless, I suppose one might say that this was a chance....
One might well ... accost him.... Yes, it definitely looks like a chance to
me.... Something on the lines of a direct informal approach ... man to man
... straight from the shoulder.... Now look here, what's it all about ...
sort of thing. Yes. Yes, this looks like one to be grabbed with both hands,
I should say ... if I were asked.... No point in looking at a gift horse
till you see the whites of its eyes, etcetera. (He has moved towards HAMLET
but his nerve fails. He returns.) We're overawed, that's our trouble. When
it comes to the point we succumb to their personality....
(OPHELIA enters, with prayerbook, a religious procession of one.)
HAMLET: Nymph, in thy orisons be all my sins remembered.
(At his voice she has stopped for him, he catches her up.)
OPHELIA: Good my lord, how does your honour for this many a day?
HAMLET: I humbly thank you - well, well, well.
(They disappear talking into the wing.)
ROS: It's like living in a public park!
GUIL: Very impressive. Yes, I thought your direct informal approach was
going to stop this thing dead in its tracks there. If I might make a
suggestion - shut up and sit down. Stop being perverse.
ROS (near tears): I'm not going to stand for it!
(A FEMALE FIGURE, ostensibly the QUEEN, enters. ROS marches up behind
her, puts his hands over her eyes and says with a desperate frivolity.)
ROS: Guess who?!
PLAYER (having appeared in a downstage corner): Alfred!
(ROS lets go, spins around. He had been holding ALFRED, in his robe and
blonde wig. PLAYER is in the downstage corner still. ROS comes down to that
exit. The PLAYER does not budge. He and ROS stand toe to toe.)
ROS: Excuse me.
(The PLAYER lifts his downstage foot. ROS bends to put his hand on the
floor. The PLAYER lowers his foot. ROS screams and leaps away.)
PLAYER (gravely): I beg your pardon.
GUIL (to ROS): What did he do?
PLAYER: I put my foot down.
ROS: My hand was on the floor!
GUIL: You put your hand under his foot?
ROS: I - -
GUIL: What for?
ROS: I thought - - (Grabs GUIL.)
Don't leave me!
(He makes a break for an exit. A TRAGEDIAN dressed as a king enters,
ROS recoils, breaks for the opposite wing. Two cloaked tragedians enter. ROS
tries again but another tragedian enters, and ROS retires to midstage. The
PLAYER claps his hands matter-of-factly.)
PLAYER: Right! We haven't got much time.
GUIL: What are you doing?
PLAYER: Dress rehearsal. Now if you two wouldn't mind just moving
back... there ... good.... (To TRAGEDIANS.) Everyone ready? And for goodness
sake, remember what we're doing. (To ROS and GUIL.) We always use the same
costumes more or less, and they forget what they are supposed to be in you
see.... Stop picking your nose, Alfred. When Queens have to they do it by a
cerebral process passed down in the blood.... Good. Silence! Off we go!
PLAYER-KING: Full thirty times hath Phoebus' cart - -
(PLAYER jumps up angrily.)
PLAYER: No, no, no! Dumbshow first, your confounded majesty! (To ROS
and GUIL.) They're a bit out of practice, but they always pick up
wonderfully for the deaths - it brings out the poetry in them.
GUIL: How nice.
PLAYER: There's nothing more unconvincing than an, unconvincing death.
GUIL: I'm sure.
(PLAYER claps his hands.)
PLAYER: Act One - moves now.
(The mime. Soft music from a recorder. PLAYER-KING and PLAYER-QUEEN
embrace. She kneels and makes a show of protestation to him. He takes her
up, declining his head upon her neck. He lies down. She, seeing him asleep,
GUIL: What is the dumbshow for?
PLAYER: Well, it's a device, really - it makes the action that follows
more or less comprehensible; you understand, we are tied down to a language
which makes up in obscurity what it lacks in style.
(The mime (continued) - enter another. He takes off the SLEEPER's
crown, kisses it. He had brought in a small bottle of liquid. He pours the
poison in the SLEEPER's ear, and leaves him. The sleeper convulses
ROS: Who was that?
PLAYER: The King's brother and uncle to the Prince.
GUIL: Not exactly fraternal.
PLAYER: Not exactly avuncular, as time goes on.
(The QUEEN returns, makes passionate action, finding the KING dead. The
POISONER comes in again, attended by two others (the two in cloaks). The
POISONER seems to console with her. The dead body is carried away. The
POISONER woos the QUEEN with gifts. She seems harsh awhile but in the end
accepts his love. End of mime, at which point, the wail of a woman in
torment and OPHELIA appears, wailing, closely followed by HAMLET in a
hysterical state, shouting at her, circling her, both midstage.)
HAMLET: Go to, I'll no more on't; it hath made me mad!
(She falls on her knees weeping.)
I say we will have no more marriage! (His voice drops to include the
TRAGEDIANS, who have frozen.) Those that are married already (he leans close
to the PLAYER-QUEEN and POISONER, speaking with quiet edge) all but one
shall live. (He smiles briefly at them without mirth, and starts to back
out, his parting shot rising again.) The rest shall keep as they are. (As he
leaves, OPHELIA tottering upstage, he speaks into her ear a quick clipped
sentence.) To a nunnery, go.
(He goes out. OPHELIA falls on her knees upstage, her sobs barely
audible. A slight silence.)
PLAYER-KING: Full thirty times hath Phoebus' cart - -
(CLAUDIUS enters with POLONIUS and goes over to OPHELIA and lifts her
to her feet. The TRAGEDIANS jump back with heads inclined.)
CLAUDIUS: Love? His affections do not that way tend,
Or what he spake, though it lacked form a little,
Was not like madness. There's something
in his soul o'er which his melancholy sits on
brood, and I do doubt the hatch and the
disclose will be some danger; which for to
prevent I have in quick determination thus set
it down: he shall with speed to England....
(Which carries the three of them - CLAUDIUS, POLONIUS, OPHELIA - out of
sight. The PLAYER moves, clapping his hands for attention.)
PLAYER: Gentlemen! (They look at him.) It doesn't seem to be coming. We
are not getting it at all. (To GUIL.) What did you think?
GUIL: What was I supposed to think?
PLAYER (to TRAGEDIANS): You're not getting across!
(ROS had gone halfway up to OPHELIA; he returns.)
ROS: That didn't look like love to me.
GUIL: Starting from scratch again....
PLAYER (to TRAGEDIANS): It was a mess.
ROS (to GUIL): It's going to be chaos on the night.
GUIL: Keep back - we're spectators.
PLAYER: Act two! Positions!
GUIL: Wasn't that the end?
PLAYER: Do you call that an ending? - with practically everyone on his
feet? My goodness no - over your dead body.
GUIL: How am I supposed to take that?
PLAYER: Lying down. (He laughs briefly and in a second has never
laughed in his life.) There's a design at work in all art - surely you know
that? Events must play themselves out to aesthetic, moral and logical
GUIL: And what's that, in this case?
PLAYER: It never varies - we aim at the point where everyone who is
marked for death dies.
PLAYER: Between "just desserts" and "tragic irony" we are given quite a
lot of scope for our particular talent. Generally speaking, things have gone
about as far as they can possibly go when things have got about as bad as
they reasonably get. (He switches on a smile.)
GUIL: Who decides?
PLAYER (switching off his smile): Decides? It is written. (He turns
away. GUIL grabs him and spins him back violently.) (Unflustered.) Now if
you're going to be subtle, we'll miss each other in the dark. I'm referring
to oral tradition. So to speak.
(GUIL releases him.)
We're tragedians, you see. We follow directions-there is no choice
involved. The bad end unhappily, the good unluckily. That is what tragedy
(The TRAGEDIANS have taken up positions for the continuation of the
mime: which in this case means a love scene, sexual and passionate, between
the QUEEN and the POISONER/KING.)
(The lovers begin. The PLAYER contributes a breathless commentary for
ROS and GUIL.)
Having murdered his brother and wooed the widow-the poisoner mounts the
throne! Here we see him and his queen give rein to their unbridled passion!
She little knowing that the man she holds in her arms--!
ROS: Oh, I say-here-really! You can't do that!
PLAYER: Why not?
ROS: Well, really-I mean, people want to be entertained-they don't come
expecting sordid and gratuitous filth.
PLAYER: You're wrong - they do! Murder, seduction and incest - what do
you want -jokes?
ROS: I want a good story, with a beginning, middle and end.
PLAYER (to GUIL): And you?
GUIL: I'd prefer art to mirror life, if it's all the same to you.
PLAYER: It's all the same to me, sir. (To the grappling LOVERS.)
All right, no need to indulge yourselves. (They get up-To GUIL.) I come
on in a minute. Lucianus, nephew to the king! (Turns his attention to the
(They disport themselves to accommodate the next piece of mime, which
consists of the PLAYER himself exhibiting an excitable anguish
(choreographed, stylized) leading to an impassioned scene with the QUEEN
(cf. "The Closet Scene", Shakespeare Act III, Scene iv) and a very stylized
reconstruction of a POLONIUS figure being stabbed behind the arras (the
murdered KING to stand in for POLONIUS) while the PLAYER himself continues
his breathless commentary for the benefit of ROS and GUIL.)
PLAYER: Lucianus, nephew to the king ... usurped by his uncle and
shattered by his mother's incestuous marriage ... loses his reason ...
throwing the court into turmoil and disarray as he alternates between bitter
melancholy and unrestricted lunacy ... staggering from the suicidal (a pose)
to the homicidal (here he kills "POLONIUS"). ... he at last confronts his
mother and in a scene of provocative ambiguity-(a somewhat oedipal embrace)
begs her to repent and recant--
(He springs up, still talking.) The King-(he pushes forward the
POISONER/KING) tormented by guilt-haunted by fear-decides to despatch his
nephew to England-and entrusts this undertaking to two smiling
accomplices-friends-courtiers-to two spies-
(He has swung round to bring together the POISONER/KING and the two
cloaked TRAGEDIANS; the latter kneel and accept a scroll from the KING.)
-giving them a letter to present to the English court--!
And so they depart-on board ship--
(The two SPIES position themselves on either side of the PLAYER, and
the three of them sway gently in unison, the motion of a boat; and then the
PLAYER detaches himself.)
-and they arrive-
(One SPY shades his eyes at the horizon.)
-and disembark-and present themselves before the English king-(He
wheels round.) The English king-- (An exchange of headgear creates the
ENGLISH KING from the remaining player-that is, the PLAYER who played the
original murdered king.)
But where is the Prince? Where indeed? The plot has thickened-a twist
of fate and cunning has put into their hands a letter that seals their
(The two SPIES present their letter; the ENGLISH KING reads it and
orders their deaths. They stand up as the PLAYER whips off their cloaks
preparatory to execution.)
Traitors hoist by their own petard?-or victims of the gods?-we shall
(The whole mime has been fluid and continuous but now ROS moves forward
and brings it to a pause. What brings ROS forward is the fact that under
their cloaks the two SPIES are wearing coats identical to those worn by ROS
and GUIL, whose coats are now covered by their cloaks. ROS approaches "his''
SPY doubtfully. He does not quite understand why the coats are familiar. ROS
stands close, touches the coat, thoughtfully....)
ROS: Well, if it isn't--! No, wait a minute, don't tell me-it's a long
time since-where was it? Ah, this is taking me back to-when was it? I know
you, don't I? I never forget a face-(he looks into the SPY'S face). not that
I know yours that is. For a moment I thought- no, I don't know you, do I?
Yes, I'm afraid you're quite wrong. You must have mistaken me for someone
(GUIL meanwhile has approached the other SPY, brow creased in thought.)
PLAYER (to GUIL): Are you familiar with this play?
PLAYER: A slaughterhouse-eight corpses all told. It brings out the best
GUIL (tense, progressively rattled during the whole mime and
commentary): You!-What do you know about death?
PLAYER: It's what the actors do best. They have to exploit whatever
talent is given to them, and their talent is dying. They can die heroically,
comically, ironically, slowly, suddenly, disgustingly, charmingly, or from a
great height. My own talent is more general. I extract significance from
melodrama, a significance which it does not in fact contain; but
occasionally, from out of this matter, there escapes a thin beam of light
that, seen at the right angle, can crack the shell of mortality.
ROS: Is that all they can do-die?
PLAYER: No, no-they kill beautifully. In fact some of them kill even
better than they die. The rest die better than they kill. They're a team.
ROS: Which ones are which?
PLAYER: There's not much in it.
GUIL (fear, derision): Actors! The mechanics of cheap melodrama! That
isn't death! (More quietly.) You scream and choke and sink to your knees,
but it doesn't bring death home to anyone-it doesn't catch them unawares and
start the whisper in their skulls that says-"One day you are going to die."
(He straightens up.) You die so many times; how can you expect them to
believe in your death?
PLAYER: On the contrary, it's the only kind they do believe. They're
conditioned to it. I had an actor once who was condemned to hang for
stealing a sheep-or a lamb, I forget which-so I got permission to have him
hanged in the middle of a play-had to change the plot a bit but I thought it
would be effective, you know-and you wouldn't believe it, he just wasn't
convincing! It was impossible to suspend one's, disbelief-and what with the
audience jeering and throwing peanuts, the whole thing was a disaster!-he
did nothing but cry all the time-right out of character-just stood there and
cried... Never again.
(In good humour he has already turned back to the mime: the two SPIES
awaiting execution at the hands of the PLAYER.) Audiences know what to
expect, and that is all that they are prepared to believe in. (To the
(The SPIES die at some length, rather well.)
(The light has begun to go, and it fades as they die, and as GUIL
GUIL: No, no, no... you've got it all wrong... you can't act death. The
fact of it is nothing to do with seeing it happen - it's not gasps and blood
and falling about - that isn't what makes it death. It's just a man failing
to reappear, that's all - now you see him, now you don't that's the only
thing that's real: here one minute and gone the next and never coming back -
an exit, unobtrusive and unannounced, a disappearance gathering weight as it
goes on, until, finally, it is heavy with death.
(The two SPIES lie still, barely visible. The PLAYER comes forward and
throws the SPIES' cloaks over their bodies. ROS starts to clap, slowly.)
(A second of silence, then much noise. Shouts ... "The King rises!" ...
"Give o'er the play!"... and cries for "Lights, lights, lights!")
(When the light comes, after a few seconds, it comes as a sunrise.)
(The stage is empty save for two cloaked FIGURES sprawled on the ground
in the approximate positions last held by the dead SPIES. As the light
grows, they are seen to be ROS and GUIL, and to be resting quite
comfortably. ROS raises himself on his elbows and shades his eyes as he
stares into the auditorium. Finally:)
ROS: That must be east, then. I think we can assume that.
GUIL: I'm assuming nothing.
ROS: No, it's all right. That's the sun. East.
GUIL (looks up): Where?
ROS: I watched it come up.
GUIL: No... it was light all the time, you see, and you opened your
eyes very, very slowly. If you'd been facing back there you'd be swearing
that was east.
ROS (standing up): You're a mass of prejudice.
GUIL: I've been taken in before.
ROS (looks out over the audience): Rings a bell.
GUIL: They're waiting to see what we're going to do.
ROS: Good old east.
GUIL: As soon as we make a move they'll come pouring in from every
side, shouting obscure instructions, confusing us with ridiculous remarks,
messing us about from here to breakfast and getting our names wrong.
(ROS starts to protest but he has hardly opened his mouth before:)
CLAUDIUS (off-stage - with urgency): Ho, Guildenstern!
(GUIL is still prone. Small pause.)
ROS AND GUIL: You're wanted...
(GUIL furiously leaps to his feet as CLAUDIUS and GERTRUDE enter. They
are in some desperation.)
CLAUDIUS: Friends both, go join you with some further aid: Hamlet in
madness hath Polonius slain, and from his mother's closet hath he dragged
him. Go seek him out; speak fair and bring the body into the chapel. I pray
you haste in this. (As he and GERTRUDE are hurrying out.) Come Gertrude,
we'll call up our wisest friends and let them know both what we mean to
(ROS and GUIL remain quite still.)
GUIL: Well, well.
ROS: Quite; quite. (Nods with spurious confidence.) Seek him out.
ROS: Well. (Small pause.) Well, that's a step in the right direction.
GUIL: You didn't like him?
GUIL: Good God, I hope more tears are shed for us! ...
ROS: Well, it's progress, isn't it? Something positive. Seek him out.
(Looks round without moving his feet) Where does one begin... ? (Takes one
step towards the wings and halts.)
GUIL: Well, that's a step in the right direction.
ROS: You think so? He could be anywhere.
GUIL: All right-you go that way, I'll go this way.
(They walk towards opposite wings. ROS halts.)
You go this way-I'll go that way.
GUIL: All right.
(They march towards each other, cross. ROS halts.)
ROS: Wait a minute.
I think we should stick together. He might be violent.
GUIL: Good point. I'll come with you.
(GUIL marches across to ROS. They turn to leave. ROS halts.)
ROS: No, I'll come with you...
(They turn, march across to the opposite wing. ROS halts. GUIL halts.)
ROS: I'll come with you, my way.
GUIL: All right.
(They turn again and march across. ROS halts. GUIL halts.)
ROS: I've just thought. If we both go, he could come here. That would
be stupid, wouldn't it?
GUIL: All right-I'll stay, you go.
(GUIL marches to midstage.)
(GUIL wheels and carries on marching back towards ROS who starts
marching downstage. They cross. ROS halts.)
I've just thought.
We ought to stick together; he might be violent.
GUIL: Good point.
(GUIL marches down to join ROS. They stand still for a moment in their
Well, at last we're getting somewhere.
GUIL: Of course, he might not come.
ROS (airily): Oh, he'll come.
GUIL: We'd have some explaining to do.
ROS: He'll come. (Airily wanders upstage.) Don't worry-take my word for
it-(looks out-is appalled.) He's coming!
GUIL: What's he doing?
GUIL: Who's with him?
ROS: The old man.
GUIL: Not walking?
GUIL: Ah. That's an opening if ever there was one. (And is suddenly
galvanized into action.) Let him walk into the trap!
ROS: What trap?
GUIL: You stand there! Don't let him pass!
(He positions ROS with his back to one wing, facing HAMLET's entrance.)
(GUIL positions himself next to ROS, a few feet away, so that they are
covering one side of the stage, facing the opposite side. GUIL unfastens his
belt. ROS does the same. They join the two belts, and hold them taut between
them. ROS's trousers slide slowly down.)
(HAMLET enters opposite, slowly, dragging POLONIUS's BODY. He enters
upstage, makes a small arc and leaves by the same side, a few feet
(ROS and GUIL, holding the belts taut, stare at him in some
(HAMLET leaves, dragging the BODY. They relax the strain on the belts.)
ROS: That was close.
GUIL: There's a limit to what two people can do.
(They undo the belts: ROS pulls up his trousers.)
ROS (worriedly-he walks a few paces towards HAMLET's exit): He was
GUIL: Of course he's dead!
ROS (turns to GUIL): Properly.
GUIL (angrily): Death's death, isn't it?
(ROS falls silent. Pause.)
Perhaps he'll come back this way.
(ROS starts to take off his belt.)
No, no, no!-if we can't learn by experience, what else have we got?
ROS: Give him a shout.
GUIL: I thought we'd been into all that.
ROS (shouts): Hamlet!
GUIL: Don't be absurd.
ROS (shouts): Lord Hamlet!
(HAMLET enters. ROS is a little dismayed.)
What have you done, my lord, with the dead body?
HAMLET: Compounded it with dust, whereto 'tis kin.
ROS: Tell us where 'tis, that we may take it thence and bear it to the
HAMLET: Do not believe it.
ROS: Believe what?
HAMLET: That I can keep your counsel and not mine own. Besides, to be
demanded of a sponge, what replication should be made by the son of a king?
ROS: Take you me for a sponge, my lord?
HAMLET: Ay, sir, that soaks up the king's countenance, his rewards, his
authorities. But such officers do the King best service in the end. He keeps
them, like an ape, in the corner of his jaw, first mouthed, to be last
swallowed. When he needs what you have gleaned, it is but squeezing you and,
sponge, you shall be dry again.
ROS: I understand you not, my lord.
HAMLET: I am glad of it: a knavish speech sleeps in a foolish ear.
ROS: My lord, you must tell us where the body is and go with us to the
HAMLET: The body is with the King, but the King is not with the body.
The King is a thing-
GUIL: A thing, my lord -?
HAMLET: Of nothing. Bring me to him.
(HAMLET moves resolutely towards one wing. They move with him,
shepherding. Just before they reach the exit, HAMLET, apparently seeing
CLAUDIUS approaching from off stage, bends low in a sweeping bow. ROS and
GUIL, cued by HAMLET, also bow deeply-a sweeping ceremonial bow with their
cloaks swept round them. HAMLET, however, continues the movement into an
about-turn and walks off in the opposite direction. ROS and GUIL, with their
heads low, do not notice. No one comes on. ROS and GUIL squint upwards and
find that they are bowing to nothing.
CLAUDIUS enters behind them. At his first words they leap up and do a
CLAUDIUS: How now? What hath befallen?
ROS: Where the body is bestowed, my lord, we cannot get from him.
CLAUDIUS: But where is he?
ROS (fractional hesitation): Without, my lord; guarded to know your
CLAUDIUS (moves): Bring him before us.
(This hits ROS between the eyes but only his eyes show it. Again his
hesitation is fractional. And then with great deliberation he turns to
ROS: Ho! Bring in the lord.
(Again there is a fractional moment in which ROS is smug, CUIL is
trapped and betrayed. GUIL opens his mouth and closes it.)
(The situation is saved;)
(HAMLET, escorted, is marched in just as CLAUDIUS leaves. HAMLET and
his ESCORT cross the stage and go out, following CLAUDIUS.)
(Lighting changes to Exterior.)
ROS (moves to go): All right, then?
GUIL (does not move: thoughtfully): And yet it doesn't seem enough; to
have breathed such significance. Can that be ail? And why us?-anybody would
have done. And we have contributed nothing.
ROS: It was a trying episode while it lasted, but they've done with us
GUIL: Done what?
ROS: I don't pretend to have understood. Frankly, I'm not very
interested. If they won't tell us, that's their affair. (He wanders upstage
towards the exit.) For my part, I'm only glad that that's the last we've
seen of him- (And he glances offstage and turns front, his face betraying
the fact that HAMLET is there.)
GUIL: I knew it wasn't the end....
ROS (high): What else?!
GUIL: We're taking him to England. What's he doing?
(ROS goes upstage and returns.)
GUIL: To himself?
(ROS makes to go, GUIL cuts him off.)
Is he alone?
ROS: No, he's with a soldier,
GUIL: Then he's not talking to himself, is he?
ROS: Not by himself... Should we go?
(ROS puts up his head listening.)
ROS: There it is again. (In anguish.) All I ask is a change of ground!
GUIL (coda): Give us this day our daily round...
(HAMLET enters behind them, talking with a soldier in arms. ROS and
GUIL don't look round.)
ROS: They'll have us hanging about till we're dead. At least. And the
weather will change. (Looks up.) The spring can't last for ever.
HAMLET: Good sir, whose powers are these?
SOLDIER: They are of Norway, sir.
HAMLET: How purposed, sir, I pray you?
SOLDIER: Against some part of Poland.
HAMLET: Who commands them, sir?
SOLDIER: The nephew to old Norway, Fortinbras.
ROS: We'll be cold. The summer won't last.
GUIL: It's autumnal.
ROS (examining the ground): No leaves.
GUIL: Autumnal-nothing to do with leaves. It is to do with a certain
brownness at the edges of the day... Brown is creeping up on us, take my
word for it... Russets and tangerine shades of old gold flushing the very
outside edge of the senses... deep shining ochres, burnt umber and
parchments of baked earth-reflecting on itself and through itself, filtering
the light. At such times, perhaps, coincidentally, the leaves might fall,
somewhere, by repute. Yesterday was blue, like smoke.
ROS (head up, listening): I got it again then.
(They listen-faintest sound of TRAGEDIANS' band.)
HAMLET: I humbly thank you, sir.
SOLDIER: God by you, sir. (Exit.)
(ROS gets up quickly and goes to HAMLET.)
ROS: Will it please you go, my lord?
HAMLET: I'll be with you straight. Go you a little before.
(HAMLET turns to face upstage. ROS returns down. GUIL faces front,
GUIL: Is he there?
GUIL: What's he doing?
(ROS looks over his shoulder.)
GUIL: To himself?
(Pause. ROS makes to leave.)
ROS: He said we can go. Cross my heart.
GUIL: I like to know where I am. Even if I don't know where I am, I
like to know that. If we go there's no knowing.
ROS: No knowing what?
GUIL: If we'll ever come back.
ROS: We don't want to come back.
GUIL: That may very well be true, but do we want to go?
ROS: We'll be free.
GUIL: I don't know. It's the same sky.
ROS: We've come this far.
(He moves towards exit. GUIL follows him.)
And besides, anything could happen yet.
Opens in pitch darkness.
Soft sea sounds.
After several seconds of nothing, a voice from the dark .
GUIL: Are you there?
GUIL (bitterly): A flying start....
ROS: Is that you?
ROS: How do you know?
GUIL (explosion): Oh-for-God's-sake!
ROS: We're not finished, then?
GUIL: Well, we're here, aren't we?
ROS: Are we? I can't see a thing.
GUIL: You can still think, can't you?
ROS: I think so.
GUIL: You can still talk.
ROS: What should I say?
GUIL: Don't bother. You can feel, can't you?
ROS: Ah! There's life in me yet!
GUIL: What are you feeling?
ROS: A leg. Yes, it feels like my leg.
GUIL: How does it feel?
ROS (panic): I can't feel a thing!
GUIL: Give it a pinch! (Immediately he yelps.)
GUIL: Well, that's cleared that up.
(Longer pause: the sound builds a little and identifies itself-the sea.
Ship timbers, wind in the rigging, and then shouts of sailors calling
obscure but inescapably nautical instructions from all directions, far and
near: A short list:
Hard a larboard!
Let go the stays!
Reef down me hearties!
Is that you, cox'n?
Hel-llo! Is that you?
Hard a port!
Easy as she goes!
Keep her steady on the lee!
Haul away, lads!
SNATCHES OF SEA SHANTY MAYBE
Fly the jib!
Tops'I up, me maties!)
(When the point has been well made and more so.)
ROS: We're on a boat. (Pause.) Dark, isn't it?
GUIL: Not for night.
ROS: No, not for night.
GUIL: Dark for day.
ROS: Oh yes, it's dark for day.
GUIL: We must have gone north, of course.
ROS: Off course?
GUIL: Land of the midnight sun, that is.
ROS: Of course.
(Some sailor sounds.)
(A lantern is lit upstage-in fact by HAMLET.)
(The stage lightens disproportionately.)
(Enough to see:
ROS and GUIL sitting downstage.)
(Vague shapes of rigging, etc., behind.)
I think it's getting light.
GUIL: Not for night.
ROS: This far north.
GUIL: Unless we're off course.
ROS (small pause): Of course.
(A better light-Lantern? Moon? ... Light.)
(Revealing, among other things, three large man-sized casks on deck,
upended, with lids. Spaced but in line. Behind and above-a gaudy striped
umbrella, on a pole stuck into the deck, tilted so that we do not see behind
it-one of those huge six-foot diameter jobs. Still dim upstage.)
(ROS and GUIL still facing front.)
ROS: Yes, it's lighter than it was. It'll be night soon. This far
north. (Dolefully.) I suppose we'll have to go to sleep. (He yawns and
ROS: No.... I don't think I'd take to it. Sleep all night, can't see a
thing all day.... Those eskimos must have a quiet life.
GUIL: I thought you - (Relapses.) I've lost all capacity for disbelief.
I'm not sure that I could even rise to a little gentle scepticism. (Pause.)
ROS: Well, shall we stretch our legs?
GUIL: I don't feel like stretching my legs.
ROS: I'll stretch them for you, if you like.
ROS: We could stretch each other's. That way we wouldn't have to go
GUIL (pause): No, somebody might come in.
ROS: In where?
GUIL: Out here.
ROS: In out here?
GUIL: On deck.
(ROS considers the floor: slaps it.)
ROS: Nice bit of planking, that.
GUIL: Yes, I'm very fond of boats myself. I like the way
they're-contained. You don't have to worry about which way to go, or whether
to go at all-the question doesn't arise, because you're on a boat, aren't
you? Boats are safe areas in the game of tag ... the players will hold their
positions until the music starts.... I think I'll spend most of my life on
ROS: Very healthy.
(ROS inhales with expectation, exhales with boredom. GUIL stands up and
looks over the audience.)
GUIL: One is free on a boat. For a time. Relatively.
ROS: What's it like?
(ROS joins him. They look out over the audience.)
ROS: I think I'm going to be sick.
(GUIL licks a finger, holds it up experimentally.)
GUIL: Other side, I think.
(ROS goes upstage: Ideally a sort of upper deck joined to the downstage
lower deck by short steps. The umbrella being on the upper deck. ROS pauses
by the umbrella and looks behind it.)
(GUIL meanwhile has been resuming his own theme - looking out over the
audience - )
Free to move, speak, extemporise, and yet. We have not been cut loose.
Our truancy is defined by one fixed star, and our drift represents merely a
slight chance of angle to it: we may seize the moment, toss it around while
the moment pass, a short dash here, an exploration there, but we are brought
round full circle to face again the single immutable fact - that we,
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, are taking Hamlet to England.
(By which time, ROS has returned, tiptoeing with great import, teeth
clenched for secrecy, get to GUIL, points surreptitiously behind him - and a
ROS: I say - he's here!
GUIL (unsurprised): What's he doing?
GUIL: It's all right for him.
ROS: What is?
GUIL: He can sleep.
ROS: It's all right for him.
GUIL: He's got us now.
ROS: He can sleep.
GUIL: It's all done for him.
ROS: He's got us.
GUIL: And we've got nothing. (A cry.) All I ask is our common due!
ROS: For those in peril of the sea...
GUIL: Give us this day our daily cue.
(Beat, pause. Sit. Long pause.)
ROS (after shifting, looking around): What now?
GUIL: What do you mean?
ROS: Well, nothing is happening.
GUIL: We're on a boat.
ROS: I'm aware of that.
GUIL (angrily): Then what do you expect? (Unhappily.) We act on scraps
of information... sifting half-remembered directions that we can hardly
separate from instinct.
(ROS puts a hand into his purse, then both hands behind his back, then
holds his fists out.)
(GUIL taps one fist.)
(ROS opens it to show a coin.)
(He gives it to GUIL.)
(He puts his hand back into his purse. Then both hands behind his back,
then holds his fists out.)
(GUIL taps one fist.)
(ROS opens it to show a coin. He gives it to GUIL.)
(GUIL getting tense. Desperate to lose.)
(GUIL taps a hand, changes his mind, taps the other, and ROS
inadvertently reveals that he has a coin in both fists.)
GUIL: You had money in both hands.
ROS (embarrassed): Yes.
GUIL: Every time?
GUIL: What's the point of that?
ROS (pathetic): I wanted to make you happy.
GUIL: How much did he give you?
GUIL: The king. He gave us some money.
ROS: How much did he give you?
GUIL: I asked you first.
ROS: I got the same as you.
GUIL: He wouldn't discriminate between us.
ROS: How much did you get?
GUIL: The same.
ROS: How do you know?
GUIL: You just told me - how do you know?
ROS: He wouldn't discriminate between us.
GUIL: Even if he could.
ROS: Which he never could.
GUIL: He couldn't even be sure of mixing us up.
ROS: Without mixing us up.
GUIL (turning on him furiously): Why don't you say something original!
No wonder the whole thing is so stagnant! You don't take me up on
anything-you just repeat it in a different order.
ROS: I can't think of anything original. I'm only good in support.
GUIL: I'm sick of making the running.
ROS (humbly): It must be your dominant personality. (Almost in tears.)
Oh, what's going to become of us!
(And GUIL comforts him, all harshness gone.)
GUIL: Don't cry... it's all right... there... there, I'll see we're all
ROS: But we've got nothing to go on, we're out on our own.
GUIL: We're on our way to England - we're taking Hamlet there.
ROS: What for?
GUIL: What for? Where have you been?
ROS: When? (Pause.) We won't know what to do when we get there.
GUIL: We take him to the king.
ROS: Will he be there?
GUIL: No - the king of England.
ROS: He's expecting us?
ROS: He won't know what we're playing at. What are we going to say?
GUIL: We've got a letter. You remember the letter.
ROS: Do I?
GUIL: Everything is explained in the letter. We count on that.
ROS: Is that it, then?
ROS: We take Hamlet to the English king, we hand over the letter - what
GUIL: There may be something in the letter to keep us going a bit.
ROS: And if not?
GUIL: Then that's it-we're finished.
ROS: At a loose end?
ROS: Are there likely to be loose ends? (Pause.) Who is the English
GUIL: That depends on when we get there.
ROS: What do you think it says?
GUIL: Oh... greetings. Expressions of loyalty. Asking of favours,
calling in of debts. Obscure promises balanced by vague threats....
Diplomacy. Regards to the family.
ROS: And about Hamlet?
GUIL: Oh yes.
ROS: And us-the full background?
GUIL: I should say so.
ROS: So we've got a letter which explains everything.
GUIL: You've got it.
(ROS takes that literally. He starts to pat his pockets, etc.)
What's the matter?
ROS: The letter.
GUIL: Have you got it?
ROS (rising fear): Have I? (Searches frantically.) Where would I have
GUIL: You can't have lost it.
ROS: I must have!
GUIL: That's odd-I thought he gave it to me.
(ROS looks at him hopefully.)
ROS: Perhaps he did.
GUIL: But you seemed so sure it was you who hadn't got it.
ROS (high): It was me who hadn't got it!
GUIL: But if he gave it to me there's no reason why you should have had
it in the first place, in which case I don't see what all the fuss is about
you not having it.
ROS (pause): I admit it's confusing.
GUIL: This is all getting rather undisciplined... The boat, the night,
the sense of isolation and uncertainty... all these induce a loosening of
the concentration. We must not lose control. Tighten up. Now. Either you
have lost the letter or you didn't have it to lose in the first place, in
which case the king never gave it to you, in which case he gave it to me, in
which case I would have put it into my inside top pocket in which case
(calmly producing the letter)... it will be... here. (They smile at each
other.) We mustn't drop off like that again.
(Pause. ROS takes the letter gently from him.)
ROS: Now that we have found it, why were we looking for it?
GUIL (thinks): We thought it was lost.
ROS: Something else?
ROS: Now we've lost the tension.
GUIL: What tension?
ROS: What was the last thing I said before we wandered off?
GUIL: When was that?
ROS (helplessly): I can't remember.
GUIL (leaping up): What a shambles! We're just not getting anywhere.
ROS (mournfully): Not even England. I don't believe in it anyway.
GUIL: Just a conspiracy of cartographers, you mean?
ROS: I mean I don't believe it! (Calmer.) I have no image. I try to
picture us arriving, a little harbour perhaps... roads... inhabitants to
point the way... horses on the road... riding for a day or a fortnight and
then a palace and the English king,... That would be the logical kind of
thing... But my mind remains a blank. No. We're slipping off the map.
GUIL: Yes... yes... (Rallying.) But you don't believe anything till it
happens. And it has all happened. Hasn't it?
ROS: We drift down time, clutching at straws. But what good's a brick
to a drowning man?
GUIL: Don't give up, we can't be long now.
ROS: We might as well be dead. Do you think death could possibly be a
GUIL: No, no, no... Death is... not. Death isn't. You take my meaning.
Death is the ultimate negative. Not-being. You can't not-be on a boat.
ROS: I've frequently not been on boats.
GUIL: No, no, no - what you've been is not on boats.
ROS: I wish I was dead. (Considers the drop.) I could jump over the
side. That would put a spoke in their wheel.
GUIL: Unless they're counting on it.
ROS: I shall remain on board. That'll put a spoke in their wheel.
(The futility of it, fury.) All right! We don't question, we don't
doubt. We perform. But a line must be drawn somewhere, and I would like to
put it on record that I have no confidence in England. Thank you. (Thinks
about this.) And even if it's true, it'll just be another shambles.
GUIL: I don't see why.
ROS (furious): He won't know what we're talking about - What are we
going to say?
GUIL: We say - Your majesty, we have arrived.
ROS (kingly): And who are you?
GUIL: We are Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.
ROS (barks): Never heard of you!
GUIL: Well, we're nobody special -
ROS (regal and nasty): What's your game?
GUIL: We've got our instructions -
ROS: First I've heard of it -
GUIL (angrily): Let me finish - (Humble.) We've come from Denmark,
ROS: What do you want?
GUIL: Nothing-we're delivering Hamlet -
ROS: Who's he?
GUIL (irritated): You've heard of him--
ROS: Oh, I've heard of him all right and I want nothing to do with it.
GUIL: But -
ROS: You march in here without so much as a by your leave and expect me
to take every lunatic you try to pass off with a lot of unsubstantiated -
GUIL: We've got a letter -
(ROS snatches it and tears it open.)
ROS (efficiently): I see... I see... well, this seems to support your
story such as it is - it is an exact command from the king of Denmark, for
several different reasons, importing Denmark's health and England's too,
that on the reading of this letter, without delay, I should have Hamlet's
head cut off -!
(GUIL snatches the letter. ROS, doubletaking, snatches it back, GUIL
snatches it halfback. They read it together, and separate.)
(They are well downstage looking front.)
ROS: The sun's going down. It will be dark soon.
GUIL: Do you think so?
ROS: I was just making conversation. (Pause.) We're his friends.
GUIL: How do you know?
ROS: From our young days brought up with him.
GUIL: You've only got their word for it.
ROS: But that's what we depend on.
GUIL: Well, yes, and then again no. (Airily.) Let us keep things in
proportion. Assume, if you like, that they're going to kill him. Well, he is
a man, he is mortal, death comes to us all, etcetera, and consequently he
would have died anyway, sooner or later. Or to look at it from the social
point of view-he's just one man among many, the loss would be well within
reason and convenience. And then again, what is so terrible about death? As
Socrates so philosophically put it, since we don't know what death is, it is
illogical to fear it. It might be... very nice. Certainly it is a release
from the burden of life, and, for the godly, a haven and a reward. Or to
look at it another way - we are little men, we don't know the ins and outs
of the matter, there are wheels within wheels, etcetera - it would be
presumptuous of us to interfere with the designs of fate or even of kings.
All in all, I think we'd be well advised to leave well alone. Tie up the
letter - there - neatly - like that - They won't notice the broken seal,
assuming you were in character.
ROS: But what's the point?
GUIL: Don't apply logic.
ROS: He's done nothing to us.
GUIL: Or justice.
ROS: It's awful.
GUIL: But it could have been worse. I was beginning to think it was.
(And his relief comes out in a laugh.)
(Behind them HAMLET appears from behind the umbrella. The light has
been going. Slightly. HAMLET is going to the lantern.)t
ROS: The position as I see it, then. We, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern,
from our young days brought up with him, awakened by a man standing on his
saddle, are summoned, and arrive, and are instructed to glean what afflicts
him and draw him on to pleasures, such as a play, which unfortunately, as it
turns out, is abandoned in some confusion owing to certain nuances outside
our appreciation - which, among other causes, results in, among other
effects, a high, not to say, homicidal, excitement in Hamlet, whom we, in
consequence, are escorting, for his own good, to England. Good. We're on top
of it now.
(HAMLET blows out the lantern. The stage goes pitch black.)
(The Black resolves itself to moonlight, by which HAMLET approaches the
sleeping ROS and GUIL. He extracts the letter and takes it behind his
umbrella; the tight of his lantern shines through the fabric, HAMLET emerges
again with a letter, and replaces it, and retires, blowing out his lantern.)
(ROS watches it coming-from the auditorium. Behind him is a gay sight.
Beneath the re-tilted umbrella, reclining in a deckchair, wrapped in a rug,
reading a book, possibly smoking, sits Hamlet.)
(ROS watches the morning come, and brighten to high noon.)
ROS: I'm assuming nothing. (He stands up. GUIL wakes.) The position as
I see it, then. That's west unless we're off course, in which case it's
night; the king gave me the same as you, the king gave you the same as me:
the king never gave me the letter, the king gave you the letter, we don't
know what's in the letter; we take Hamlet to the English king, it depending
on when we get there who he is, and we hand over the letter, which may or
may not have something in it to keep us going, and if not, we are finished
and at a loose end, if they have loose ends. We could have done worse. I
don't think we missed any chance... Not that we're getting much help. (He
sits down again. They lie down - prone.) If we stopped breathing we'd
(The muffled sound of a recorder. They sit up with disproportionate
interest.) Here we go.
Yes, but what?
(They listen to the music.)
GUIL (excitedly): Out of the void, finally, a sound; while on a boat
(admittedly) outside the action (admittedly) the perfect and absolute
silence of the wet lazy slap of water against water and the rolling creak of
timber-breaks; giving rise at once to the speculation or the assumption or
the hope that something is about to happen; a pipe is heard. One of the
sailors has pursed his lips against a woodwind, his fingers and thumb
governing, shall we say, the ventages, whereupon, giving it breath, let us
say, with his mouth, it, the pipe, discourses, as the saying goes, most
eloquent music. A thing like that, it could change the course of events.
(Pause.) Go and see what it is.
ROS: It's someone playing on a pipe.
GUIL: Go and find him.
ROS: And then what?
GUIL: I don't know - request a tune.
ROS: What for?
GUIL: Quick-before we lose our momentum.
ROS: Why!-something is happening. It had quite escaped my attention!
(He listens: Makes a stab at an exit. Listens more carefully: Changes
(GUIL takes no notice.)
(ROS wanders about trying to decide where the music comes from. Finally
he tracks it down - unwillingly - to the middle barrel. There is no getting
away from it. He turns to GUIL who takes no notice. ROS, during this whole
business, never quite breaks into articulate speech. His face and his hands
indicate his incredulity. He stands gazing at the middle barrel. The pipe
plays on within. He kicks the barrel. The pipe stops. He leaps back towards
GUIL. The pipe starts up again. He approaches the barrel cautiously. He
lifts the lid. The music is louder. He slams down the lid. The music is
softer. He goes back towards GUIL. But a drum starts, muffled. He freezes.
He turns. Considers the left-hand barrel. The drumming goes on within, in
time to the flute. He walks back to GUIL. He opens his mouth to speak.
Doesn't make it. A lute is heard. He spins round at the third barrel. More
instruments join in. Until it is quite inescapable that inside the three
barrels, distributed, playing together a familiar tune which has been heard
three times before, are the TRAGEDIANS.)
(They play on.)
(ROS sits beside GUIL. They stare ahead.)
(The tune comes to an end.)
ROS: I thought I heard a band. (In anguish.) Plausibility is all I
GUIL (coda): Call us this day our daily tune....
(The lid of the middle barrel flies open and the PLAYER's head pops
PLAYER: Aha! All in the same boat, then! (He climbs out. He goes round
banging on the barrels.)
(Impossibly, the TRAGEDIANS climb out of the barrels. With their
instruments, but not their cart. A few bundles. Except ALFRED. The PLAYER is
(To ROS.) Where are we?
PLAYER: Of course, we haven't got there yet.
ROS: Are we all right for England?
PLAYER: You look all right to me. I don't think they're very particular
in England. Al-I-fred!
(ALFRED emerges from the PLAYER's barrel.)
GUIL: What are you doing here?
PLAYER: Travelling. (To TRAGEDIANS.) Right-blend into the background!
(The TRAGEDIANS are in costume (from the mime): A King with crown,
ALFRED as Queen, Poisoner and the two Cloaked figures.)
(To GUIL.) Pleased to see us? (Pause.) You've come out of it very well,
GUIL: And you?
PLAYER: In disfavour. Our play offended the king.
PLAYER: Well, he's a second husband himself. Tactless, really.
ROS: It was quite a good play nevertheless.
PLAYER: We never really got going-it was getting quite interesting when
they stopped it.
(Looks up at HAMLET.)
That's the way to travel...
GUIL: What were you doing in there?
PLAYER: Hiding. (Indicating costumes.) We had to run for it just as we
PLAYER: Naturally-we didn't get paid, owing to circumstances ever so
slightly beyond our control, and all the money we had we lost betting on
certainties. Life is a gamble, at terrible odds-if it was a bet you wouldn't
take it. Did you know that any number doubled is even?
ROS: Is it?
PLAYER: We learn something every day, to our cost. But we troupers just
go on and on. Do you know what happens to old actors?
PLAYER: Nothing. They're still acting. Surprised, then?
PLAYER: Surprised to see us?
GUIL: I knew it wasn't the end.
PLAYER: With practically everyone on his feet. What do you make of it,
GUIL: We haven't got much to go on.
PLAYER: You speak to him?
ROS: It's possible.
GUIL: But it wouldn't make any difference.
ROS: But it's possible.
ROS: It's allowed.
GUIL: Allowed, yes. We are not restricted. No boundaries have been
defined, no inhibitions imposed. We have, for the while, secured, or
blundered into, our release, for the while. Spontaneity and whim are the
order of the day. Other wheels are turning but they are not our concern. We
can breathe. We can relax. We can do what we like and say what we like to
whomever we like, without restriction.
ROS: Within limits, of course.
GUIL: Certainly within limits.
(HAMLET comes down to footlights and regards the audience. The others
watch but don't speak. HAMLET clears his throat noisily and spits into the
audience. A split second later he claps his hand to his eye and wipes
himself. He goes back upstage.)
ROS: A compulsion towards philosophical introspection is his chief
characteristic, if I may put it like that. It does not mean he is mad. It
does mean he isn't. Very often, it does not mean anything at all. Which may
or may not be a kind of madness.
GUIL: It really boils down to symptoms. Pregnant replies, mystic
allusions, mistaken identities, arguing his father is his mother, that sort
of thing; intimations of suicide, forgoing of exercise, loss of mirth, hints
of claustrophobia not to say delusions of imprisonment; invocations of
camels, chameleons, capons, whales, weasels, hawks, handsaws - riddles,
quibbles and evasions; amnesia, paranoia, myopia; day-dreaming,
hallucinations; stabbing his elders, abusing his parents, insulting his
lover, and appearing hatless in public - knock-kneed, droop-stockinged and
sighing like a love-sick schoolboy, which at his age is coming on a bit
ROS: And talking to himself.
GUIL: And talking to himself.
(ROS and GUIL move apart together.)
Well, where has that got us?
ROS: He's the Player.
GUIL: His play offended the king-
ROS: -offended the king-
GUIL: -who orders his arrest-
ROS: -orders his arrest-
GUIL: -so he escapes to England-
ROS: On the boat to which he meets-
GUIL: Guildenstern and Rosencrantz taking Hamlet-
ROS: -who also offended the king-
GUIL: -and killed Polonius-
ROS: -offended the king in a variety of ways-
GUIL: -to England. (Pause.) That seems to be it.
(ROS jumps up.)
ROS: Incidents! All we get is incidents! Dear God, is it too much to
expect a little sustained action?!
(And on the word, the PIRATES attack. That is to say:
Noise and shouts and rushing about. "Pirates".)
(Everyone visible goes frantic. HAMLET draws his sword and rushes
downstage. GUIL, ROS and PLAYER draw swords and rush upstage, collision.
HAMLET turns his back up. They turn back down. Collision. By which time
there is general panic right upstage. All four charge upstage with ROS, GUIL
and PLAYER shouting:
To my sword's length!
(All four reach the top, see something they don't like, waver, run for
their lives downstage:)
(HAMLET, in the lead, leaps into the left barrel. PLAYER leaps into the
right barrel. ROS and GUIL leap into the middle barrel. All closing the lids
(The lights dim to nothing while the sound of fighting continues. The
sound fades to nothing. The lights come up.)
(The middle barrel (ROS's and GUIL's) is missing.)
(The lid of the right-hand barrel is raised cautiously, the heads of
ROS and GUIL appear.)
(The lid of the other barrel (HAMLET's) is raised. The head of the
(All catch sight of each other and slam down lids.)
(Lids raised cautiously.)
ROS (relief): They've gone. (He starts to climb out.) That was close.
I've never thought quicker.
(They are all three out of barrels. GUIL is wary and nervous. ROS is
light-headed. The PLAYER is phlegmatic. They note the missing barrel.)
(ROS look round.)
ROS: Where's -?
(The PLAYER takes off his hat in mourning.)
PLAYER: Once more, alone-on our own resources.
GUIL (worried): What do you mean? Where is he?
GUIL: Gone where?
PLAYER: Yes, we were dead lucky there. If that's the word I'm after.
ROS (not a pick up): Dead?
ROS (he means): Is he dead?
PLAYER: Who knows?
GUIL (rattled): He's not coming back?
ROS: He's dead then. He's dead as far as we're concerned.
PLAYER: Or we are as far as he is. (He goes and sits on the floor to
one side.) Not too bad, is it?
GUIL (rattled): But he can't - We're supposed to be - We've got a
letter-We're going to England with a letter for the king -
PLAYER: Yes, that much seems certain. I congratulate you on the
unambiguity of your situation.
GUIL: But you don't understand - it contains - we've had our
instructions - The whole thing's pointless without him.
PLAYER: Pirates could happen to anyone. Just deliver the letter.
They'll send ambassadors from England to explain...
GUIL (worked up): Can't see - the pirates left us home and high - dry
and home -drome- (furiously). The pirates left us high and dry!
PLAYER (comforting): There...
GUIL (near tears): Nothing will be resolved without him...
PLAYER: There... !
GUIL: We need Hamlet for our release!
GUIL: What are we supposed to do?
(He turns away, lies down if he likes. ROS and GUIL apart.)
ROS: Saved again.
GUIL: Saved for what?
ROS: The sun's going down. (Pause.) It'll be night soon. (Pause.) If
that's west. (Pause.) Unless we've -
GUIL (shouts): Shut up! I'm sick of it! Do you think conversation is
going to help us now?
ROS (hurt, desperately ingratiating): I - I bet you all the money I've
got the year of my birth doubled is an odd number.
GUIL (moan): No-o.
ROS: Your birth!
(GUIL smashes him down.)
GUIL (broken): We've travelled too far, and our momentum has taken
over; we move idly towards eternity, without possibility of reprieve or hope
ROS: Be happy-If you're not even happy what's so good about surviving?
(He picks himself up.) We'll be all right. I suppose we just go on.
GUIL: Go where?
ROS: To England.
GUIL: England! That's a dead end. I never believed in it anyway.
ROS: All we've got to do is make our report and that'll be that.
GUIL: I don't believe it - A shore, a harbour, say - and we get off and
we stop someone and say - Where's the king?- And he says, oh, you follow
that road there and take the first left and -( furiously). I don't believe
any of it!
ROS: It doesn't sound very plausible.
GUIL: And even if we came face to face, what do we say?
ROS: We say - We've arrived!
GUIL (kingly): And who are you?
ROS: We are Guildenstern and Rosencrantz.
GUIL: Which is which?
ROS: Well, I'm - You're -
GUIL: What's it all about? -
ROS: Well, we were bringing Hamlet - but then some pirates -
GUIL: I don't begin to understand. Who are all these people, what's it
got to do with me? You turn up out of the blue with some cock and bull story
ROS (with letter): We have a letter -
GUIL (snatches it, opens it): A letter - yes - that's true. That's
something... a letter... (reads). "As England is Denmark's faithful
tributary... as love between them like the palm might flourish, etcetera...
that on the knowing of this contents, without delay of any kind, should
those bearers, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, put to sudden death-"
(He double takes. ROS snatches the letter. GUIL snatches it back. ROS
snatches it halfback. They read it again and look up.)
(The PLAYER gets to his feet and walks over to his barrel and kicks it
and shouts into it.)
PLAYER: They've gone-It's all over!
(One by one the players emerge, impossibly, from the barrel, and form a
casually menacing circle round ROS and GUIL who are still appalled and
GUIL (quietly): Where we went wrong was getting on a boat. We can move,
of course, change direction, rattle about, but our movement is contained
within a larger one that carries us along as inexorably as the wind and
ROS: They had it in for us, didn't they? Right from the beginning.
Who'd have thought that we were so important?
GUIL: But why? Was it all for this? Who are we that so much should
converge on our little deaths? (In anguish to the PLAYER.) Who are we?
PLAYER: You are Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. That's enough.
GUIL: No - it is not enough. To be told so little - to such an end -
and still, finally, to be denied an explanation...
PLAYER: In our experience, most things end in death.
GUIL (fear, vengeance, scorn): Your experience?-Actors!
(He snatches a dagger from the PLAYER's belt and holds the point at the
PLAYER's throat: the PLAYER backs and GUIL advances, speaking more quietly.)
I'm talking about death-and you've never experienced that. And you
cannot act it. You die a thousand casual deaths-with none of that intensity
which squeezes out life... and no blood runs cold anywhere. Because even as
you die you know that you will come back in a different hat. But no one gets
up after death-there is no applause-there is only silence and some
second-hand clothes, and that's - death -
(And he pushes the blade in up to the hilt. The PLAYER stands with
huge, terrible eyes, clutches at the wound as the blade withdraws: he makes
small weeping sounds and falls to his knees, and then right down:)
(While he is dying, GUIL, nervous, high, almost hysterical, wheels on
If we have a destiny, then so had he - and if this is ours, then that
was his - and if there are no explanations for us, then let there be none
for him -
(The TRAGEDIANS watch the PLAYER die: they watch with some interest.
The PLAYER finally lies still. A short moment of silence. Then the
tragedians start to applaud with genuine admiration. The PLAYER stands up,
brushing himself down.)
PLAYER (modestly): Oh, come, come, gentlemen - no flattery - it was
(The tragedians are stilt congratulating him. The PLAYER approaches
GUIL, who stands rooted, holding the dagger.)
What did you think? (Pause.) You see, it is the kind they do believe in
- it's what is expected.
(He holds his hand out for the dagger. GUIL slowly puts the point of
the dagger on to the PLAYER's hand, and pushes ... the blade slides back
into the handle. The PLAYER smiles, reclaims the dagger.)
For a moment you thought I'd - cheated.
(ROS relieves his own tension with loud nervy laughter.)
ROS: Oh, very good! Very good! Took me in completely - didn't he take
you in completely-(claps his hands.) Encore! Encore!
PLAYER (activated, arms spread, the professional): Deaths for all ages
and occasions! Deaths by suspension, convulsion, consumption, incision,
execution, asphyxiation and malnutrition-! Climatic carnage, by poison and
by steel-! Double deaths by duel-! Show!
(ALFRED, still in his queen's costume, dies by poison: the PLAYER, with
rapier, kills the "KING" and duels with a fourth TRAGEDIAN, inflicting and
receiving a wound: the two remaining tragedians, the two "SPIES" dressed in
the same coats as ROS and GUIL, are stabbed, as before.)
(And the light is fading over the deaths which take place right
(Dying amid the dying-tragically; romantically.) So there's an end to
that-it's commonplace: light goes with life, and in the winter of your years
the dark comes early...
GUIL (tired, drained, but stilt an edge of impatience; over the mime):
No... no... not for us, not like that. Dying is not romantic, and death is
not a game which will soon be over... Death is not anything ... death is
not... It's the absence of presence, nothing more ... the endless time of
never coming back ... a gap you can't see, and when the wind blows through
it, it makes no sound...
(The light has gone upstage. Only GUIL and ROS are visible as ROS's;
clapping falters to silence.)
ROS: That's it, then, is it?
(No answer, he looks out front.)
The sun's going down. Or the earth's coming up, as the fashionable
theory has it.
(Small pause.) Not that it makes any difference.
What was it all about? When did it begin?
(Pause, no answer.)
Couldn't we just stay put? I mean no one is going to come on and drag
us off.... They Ml just have to wait. We're still young ... fit... we've got
(Pause. No answer.)
(A cry.) We've nothing wrong! We didn't harm anyone. Did we?
GUIL: I can't remember.
(ROS pulls himself together.)
ROS: All right, then. I don't care. I've had enough. To tell you the
truth, I'm relieved.
(And he disappears from view.)
(GUIL does not notice.)
GUIL: Our names shouted in a certain dawn ... a message ... a
summons... there must have been a moment, at the beginning, where we could
have said-no. But somehow we missed it.
(He looks round and sees he is alone.)
(He gathers himself.)
Well, we'll know better next time. Now you see me, now you -
(Immediately the whole stage is lit up, revealing, upstage, arranged in
the approximate positions last held by the dead TRAGEDIANS, the tableau of
court and corpses which is the last scene of "Hamlet".)
(That is: The KING, QUEEN, LAERTES and HAMLET all dead. HORATIO holds
HAMLET. FORTINBRAS is there.)
(So are two AMBASSADORS from England.)
AMBASSADORS: The signal is dismal;
and our affairs from England come too late.
The ears are senseless that should give us hearing to
tell him his commandment is fulfilled, that
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead.
Where should we have our thanks?
HORATIO: Not from his mouth, had it the ability of life to thank you:
He never gave commandment for their death. But since, so jump upon this
bloody question, you from the Polack wars, and you from England, are here
arrived, give order that these bodies high on a stage be placed to the view;
and let me speak to the yet unknowing world how these things came about: so
shall you hear of carnal, bloody and unnatural acts, of accidental
judgements, casual slaughters, of deaths put on by cunning and forced cause,
and, in this upshot, purposes mistook fallen on the inventors' heads: all
this can I truly deliver.
(But during the above speech the play fades, overtaken by dark and
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